Irish Life Assurance plc
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|Bill Kyle (CEO), (Chairman of the Board)|
|Products||Pensions, life assurance|
Irish Life Assurance plc, commonly known as Irish Life, is an Irish life assurance and pensions company. Irish Life has been part of the Great-West Lifeco group of companies since 2013, when the Irish Government sold the business.
Prior to 2012, Irish Life was part of Irish Life & Permanent.
The Irish Life assurance company was created in 1939 with state assistance and concentrated on life assurance and investment products. By 1936, as a result of the Great Depression, many life assurance companies were technically insolvent. The following were amalgamated into Irish Life:
- The City of Dublin Assurance Company, Limited;
- the Irish Life and General Assurance Company, Limited;
- the Irish National Assurance Company, Limited; and
- the Munster and Leinster Assurance Company, Limited
Later, some British companies shed their Irish operations, and merged them into this new company. They were:
- the Prudential,
- the Britannic,
- the Liverpool Victoria Friendly Society,
- the Pearl, and
- the Refuge.
The intention was to form a new company and then release its shares back on the market. However, other events in 1939 made shares in a life assurance company less attractive. The shares were finally sold in July 1991.
The 1939 company followed the procedures of the Prudential, its largest component.
In 1965, Irish Life entered the UK market and competed against its former parent, initially under its own name. Later, it acquired The City of Westminster Assurance. Irish Life and The City of Westminster Assurance closed for new business in the UK in 1996. This 'closed book' was sold to Chesnara for £47.5 million on 5 May 2005.
The Prudential re-entered the Irish market under its own name, then sold their second Irish operation to the Insurance Corporation of Ireland (ICI). Allied Irish Banks took over Insurance Corporation of Ireland. Shortly afterwards, the general insurance company became insolvent. The Insurance Corporation of Ireland Life (ICI Life) was the Life Assurance subsidiary of the Insurance Corporation of Ireland. The Government of Ireland wrote off the debts of Insurance Corporation of Ireland and sold the ICI Life arm as a profitable going concern to Prudential. Prudential Life operated in Ireland until its acquisition by Irish Permanent Building Society. The life office then traded as Progressive Life. In 1999, Irish Life Assurance plc and the Irish Permanent Building Society merged to form the Irish Life and Permanent Group, and the operations of Progressive Life and Irish Life Assurance were merged.
Even though the government had to assist Allied Irish Banks following the debacle of Insurance Corporation of Ireland, they established another life assurance company, called 'Ark Life'.
Contrary to popular opinion, Irish Life Assurance was never a semi-state company. In 1939, the minister owned 18% of the shares in the company. In 1947, restructuring and purchase by Minister of Finance of shares held by British life assurance companies resulting in a government holding of 90.25%. In July 1991, these shares were released on the market.
Irish Life Assurance was a founding member of Irish Life & Permanent plc.
In March 2012, during the Irish financial crisis, the (profitable) Irish Life Group was purchased from Irish Life & Permanent by the Irish State for 1.2 billion as part of the recapitalisation of Permanent TSB bank. This ended the association between Irish Life Assurance and IL&P.
- "about us". Irish Life. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
- "Great-West Lifeco completes acquisition of Irish Life" (PDF). www.irishlifegroup.ie. Irish Life. Retrieved 08/07/2014. Check date values in:
- "Great-West Lifeco completes acquisition of Irish Life" (PDF).