Irish elections, 1921

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Southern Ireland general election, 1921
Southern Ireland (1921–22)
← 1918 24 May 1921 1922 →

128 seats in the House of Commons of Southern Ireland
  First party Second party
  Eamon de Valera c 1922-30.jpg Blank
Leader Éamon de Valera None
Party Sinn Féin Independent Unionist
Leader since 1917 N/A
Leader's seat Clare East N/A
Seats won 124 4
Popular vote Unopposed Unopposed

Irish election 1921.png
Percentage of seats gained by each of the party. Sinn Féin candidates in Southern Ireland were returned unopposed (dark green). The Nationalist Party and Ulster Unionist Party ran only in Ulster, along with Sinn Féin.


Northern Ireland general election, 1921
Northern Ireland
← 1918 24 May 1921 1925 →

All 52 seats to the Northern Ireland House of Commons
27 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon.jpg Eamon de Valera c 1922-30.jpg Joe Devlin.JPG
Leader James Craig Éamon de Valera Joe Devlin
Party UUP Sinn Féin Nationalist
Leader since 1921 1917 1918
Leader's seat Down Down Belfast West
Seats won 40 6 6
Popular vote 343,347 104,917 60,577
Percentage 66.9% 20.5% 11.8%

Northern Ireland general election 1921.png
Percentage of seats gained by each of the party.

Prime Minister before election

N/A

Elected Prime Minister

James Craig
UUP

Two elections in Ireland took place in 1921, as a result of the Government of Ireland Act 1920 to establish the House of Commons of Northern Ireland and the House of Commons of Southern Ireland. The election was used by Irish Republicans as the basis of membership of the Second Dáil. Where contested, the elections used single transferable vote.

Southern Ireland result[edit]

No actual polling took place in Southern Ireland as all 128 candidates were returned unopposed. Of these, 124 were won by Sinn Féin and four by independent Unionists representing the University of Dublin (Trinity College).[1] When the date of the elections was announced in the House of Commons, the Conservative MP Sir William Davison, who had been born in Broughshane, County Antrim, had asked "What is the object of holding elections in Southern Ireland when any candidates who do not support Sinn Fein would be shot?" Other members had replied "How do you know?"[2]

Southern Ireland general election, 1921
Party Leader No. of seats  % of seats
Sinn Féin Éamon de Valera 124 (unopposed) 96.9
Independent Unionist 4 (unopposed) 3.1
Totals 128 100
Parliamentary seats
Sinn Féin
  
96.88%
Independent Unionist
  
3.13%

Only Sinn Féin candidates recognised the Dáil and five of these had been elected in two constituencies (Michael Collins, Éamon de Valera, Arthur Griffith, Seán Milroy and Eoin MacNeill) one in each part of Ireland. The total number of members who assembled in the Second Dáil was 125: 119 elected solely in Southern Ireland, 1 solely in Northern Ireland (Seán O'Mahony), and 5 in both.

In Southern Ireland, there were fresh elections in 1922 as a result of the Anglo-Irish Treaty.

Northern Ireland result[edit]

The general election to the Northern Ireland House of Commons occurred on 24 May. Of 52 seats, including Queen's University of Belfast, 40 were won by Unionists, 6 by moderate nationalists and 6 by Sinn Féin.

Northern Ireland general election, 1921
Party Leader Seats  % of seats Votes  % of votes
Ulster Unionist Party James Craig 40 76.9 343,347 66.9
Sinn Féin Éamon de Valera 6 11.5 104,917 20.5
Nationalist Party (NI) Joe Devlin 6 11.5 60,577 11.8
Belfast Labour Party 0 0 3,075 0.6
Independent 0 0 926 0.2
Totals 52 100 512,842 100

Voting summary[edit]

First preference vote
Ulster Unionist
  
66.95%
Sinn Féin
  
20.46%
Nationalist
  
11.81%
Belfast Labour
  
0.60%
Independent
  
0.18%

Seats summary[edit]

Parliamentary seats
Ulster Unionist
  
76.92%
Sinn Féin
  
11.54%
Nationalist
  
11.54%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dáil elections since 1918". ARK Northern Ireland. Retrieved 26 April 2009. 
  2. ^ "New Parliaments". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). 140. HC. 5 April 1921.