Irkut MC-21

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MC-21
MS-21-Model-1821.jpg
Model of the proposed MC-21-200
Role Narrow-body twin-engine jet airliner
National origin Russian Federation
Manufacturer United Aircraft Corporation
Designer Irkut Corporation and Yakovlev Design Bureau
Status In development[1]
Number built 1[2]
Program cost US$ 4.6 billion[3]
Unit cost
MC-21-200: US$ 72 million[4]
MC-21-300: US$ 91 million[5]

The Irkut MC-21 is a twin-engine short- to mid-range Russian jet airliner with a capacity of 150-212 passengers. The MC-21 is being developed and to be produced by Irkut and Yakovlev Design Bureau of the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) group.[6] It was formerly known in English as MS-21; Russian: МС‑21 "Магистральный Самолёт 21 века" – "Magistralny Samolyot 21 veka" – "Airliner of the 21st Century".

The design is based on the never-realized, twin-engine Yakovlev Yak-242 as a development of the three-engine Yakovlev Yak-42.[7] According to a recent statement made by Russian deputy premier Dmitry Rogozin, the name of the MC-21 serial production aircraft will again be Yak-242.[8][9]

Intended to replace the Yakovlev Yak-42, Tupolev Tu-134, Tupolev Tu-154, and Tupolev Tu-204/214s in service,[10][11] the MC-21 certification and delivery was initially planned by 2016,[12] but later delayed to the end of 2018.[13][14]

Development[edit]

Assembly of prototype in January 2016
Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev attended the presentation of the MC-21 airliner

The initial design is to include composite materials (about 33%), increasing to 40-45% provided a composite wing is added in 2015. In March 2008, a contract was signed which will see Sukhoi Civil Aircraft Company, a subsidiary of Sukhoi Corporation, designing and manufacturing composite wings for the aircraft.[15] Engines supplied for the Russian domestic market will be the Aviadvigatel PD-14.[16][17] In December 2009, Pratt & Whitney announced that the Irkut Corporation had selected the PW1000G engine to power the MC-21.[18] On 20 August 2009, Hamilton Sundstrand, a subsidiary of United Technologies Corporation, announced they had signed a $2.3 billion deal with Irkut to supply systems for the MC-21.[19] Irkut also selected Rockwell Collins and its Russian partner Avionika to supply the MC-21's avionics.[20] Goodrich also a subsidiary of United Technologies Corporation, along with Aviapribor, secured the mandate to develop an integrated control system for the MC-21.[21] The Interior will feature furnishings from Zodiac Aerospace, coordinated from C&D Zodiac in Huntington Beach, California. The Water and Waste Systems of the aircraft will incorporate innovations from Zodiac Aerospace in Carson, California.

The designer plans that the MC-21 will be 10-15% more efficient than Airbus and Boeing aircraft in the same class and it will have a 15% structural weight efficiency advantage, 20% lower operating costs, and 15% lower fuel consumption than the Airbus A320[15] with an initial target price of $35 million USD.[22]

As of 2009, the MC-21 was in the pre-design phase, with projected completion of the first prototype in 2013, the first flight in 2014 and deliveries commencing in 2016.[10] By June 2011, the pre-design phase of development had been completed, giving way to the working design phase in which models and drawings are constructed, with an estimated completion date of this phase sometime in mid-2012.[23]

Delayed delivery was announced by Dmitry Rogozin - vice-premier of Russian Government in charge of defense industry - on 10 February 2012, with first flights planned 2016 and delivery planned in 2017.[24]

The -300 was rolled-out on 8 June 2016 in Irkutsk, East Siberia, six years after program launch and with 175 orders. It could be the first commercial aircraft with an out of autoclave composite manufacturing for its wings. The program faces domination of the single-aisle market by Airbus and Boeing and Russian protectionism hampering critical western suppliers for the avionics, landing gear, hydraulics, power systems and engines.[13]

Design[edit]

Mock-up of the flight deck featuring a HUD

The MC-21 is composite structure low-wing cantilever monoplane with a tricycle landing gear and powered by two wing-mounted turbofan engines. It has a glass cockpit with side-stick controls and an optional Head-up display. To meet a requirement to speed up turn-round time the 3.81m wide cabin has wider luggage racks than contempary types.

Variants[edit]

The baseline MC-21-300 is designed around 180 passengers in single-class configuration and will be followed by a 153-seat -200 with basic and extended-range models, plus a very-long-range MC-21-200LR. A larger 212-seat -400 version is taken under consideration. Initially, a smaller variant, MC-21-100, with a capacity of up to 132 passengers, was also proposed, but, in order to avoid competition with the Sukhoi Superjet 130, it was cancelled.[25] Cargo and business variants are also being considered.[1]

MC-21-200
Shortened version with up to 176 passengers.
MC-21-300
Standard model with up to 211 passengers.
MC-21-400
Planned stretched model with up to 230 passengers.

Specifications[edit]

Specifications[26][27][28][29]
MC-21-200 MC-21-300 MC-21-400
Cockpit crew Two
Seating capacity 176 (1-class, maximum)
156 (1-class, standard)
132 (2-class, standard)
211 (1-class, maximum)
181 (1-class, standard)
163 (2-class, standard)
230 (1-class, dense)
212 (1-class, standard)
178 (2-class, standard)
Seat pitch 82 cm (32 in) in (1-class, standard), 76 cm (30 in) in (1-class, dense)
Length 36.8 m (120 ft 9 in) 42.3 m (138 ft 9 in) 46.7 m (153 ft 3 in)
Wingspan 35.9 m (117 ft 9 in) 36.8 m (120 ft 9 in)
Height 11.5 m (37 ft 9 in) 12.7 m (41 ft 8 in)
Fuselage width 4.06 m (13 ft 4 in)
Cabin width 3.81 m (12 ft 6 in)
Maximum take-off weight 72,390 kg (159,590 lb) 79,250 kg (174,720 lb) 87,230 kg (192,310 lb)
Maximum landing weight 61,650 kg (135,910 lb) 69,100 kg (152,300 lb) -
Maximum payload 17,560 kg (38,710 lb) 22,600 kg (49,800 lb) -
Cargo capacity 31.1 m3 (1,100 cu ft) 48 m3 (1,700 cu ft) 70.1 m3 (2,480 cu ft)
Maximum fuel capacity 20,400 kg (45,000 lb) -
Range fully loaded 6,400 km (3,500 nmi) 6,000 km (3,200 nmi) 5,500 km (3,000 nmi)
Engine (x 2) Aviadvigatel PD-14A
Pratt & Whitney PW1428G
Aviadvigatel PD-14
Pratt & Whitney PW1431G
Aviadvigatel PD-14M
Max. thrust (x 2) 123 kN
12,540 kgf; 28,000 lbf
137 kN
14,000 kgf; 31,000 lbf
153 kN
15,600 kgf; 34,000 lbf

Orders[edit]

By the end of MAKS 2013, total commitments for MC-21 raised to 276 aircraft, including 175 firm orders, according to Irkut vice-president of marketing and sales Kirill Budaev. Fifty of them were ordered by the Aviakapital-Service leasing company (a subsidiary of the Rostec corporation) for Aeroflot and 35 more, powered by PD-14 turbofan engines, for governmental customers. Fifty planes more were ordered by Ilyushin Finance Co.; six of them to be leased to Transaero, though Transaero bancrupted in 2015, 10 to Red Wings. Thirty more airliners were bought by VEB Leasing; 10 of them could be leased to UTair Aviation and 6 to Transaero. In addition, Irkut now has a single-source contract with IrAero for 10 planes plus an agreement with Sberbank Leasing for 20 aircraft, with the latter agreement to increase the order to 195 airliners.[30][31] Ilyushin Finance & Co. and Azerbaijan Airlines CJSC have signed a memorandum of intent for the supply of Irkut MC-21 planes. The volume and time of the supplies are not specified.[32]

Date Company Entering service Type Reference
MC-21-200 MC-21-300 MC-21-400 Options
1 September 2010 Aeroflot 2016 50 0 [33]
21 July 2010 Nordwind Airlines 3 2
21 July 2010 VEB Leasing 15 15
18 August 2011 Ilyushin Finance Co. 2019 - 28 - 22 [34][35]
23 August 2011 Rostec 2017 15 35 - 35 [36][37]
16 September 2011 IrAero - 10 - 10 [38]
27 August 2013 UTAir - 10 - -
30 August 2013 Red Wings Airlines 2019 - 10 - - [39]
9 September 2015 Cairo Aviation 6 4 [40]
8 June 2016 Azerbaijan Airlines 10 [41]
Total 192 88

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b MS-21 at uacrussia.ru
  2. ^ "MC-21 programme proceeds to assembly phase". Flight Global. 31 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "Russia to Spend $4.6Bln on MS-21 Airliner". RIA Novosti. 13 February 2014. 
  4. ^ "Irkut to build first MC-21 by year-end", Flight Global, Paris .
  5. ^ "MC-21 Roll Out". AirInsight. June 8, 2016. 
  6. ^ "MS-21". UAC Russia. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  7. ^ Pike, John. "MC21 / MS21". 
  8. ^ "MS-21 aircraft will be powered by another engine and its designation will be changed to Yak-242". Russian Aviation News. 24 October 2013. Retrieved 26 October 2013. 
  9. ^ "Russia to revive Yak-242 name for Irkut MC-21". Flight Global. 25 October 2013. Retrieved 31 July 2014. 
  10. ^ a b "Russia's United Aircraft", Flight Global, 11 August 2009 .
  11. ^ 303, Belson (June 8, 2016). "MC-21: Russian high-tech plane rolls out to challenge Airbus 320". RT (TV network). Retrieved June 8, 2016. 
  12. ^ Семейство ближне-среднемагистральных пассажирских самолётов МС-21 [MS-21] (in Russian). United Aircraft Corporation. Retrieved 18 December 2008. 
  13. ^ a b "PICTURES: Irkut rolls-out MC-21 airliner in bid for single-aisle share". Flight International. 8 June 2016. 
  14. ^ "Russia's MC-21 Rolls Out in Irkutsk". ainonline.com. 8 June 2016. 
  15. ^ a b "Sukhoi wins bid to build wings for new MS-21 passenger plane". Moscow: RIA Novosti. 13 March 2008. Retrieved 18 December 2008. 
  16. ^ Reed Business Information Limited. "Russia firms 'PD-14' domestic engine concept for MS-21". Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  17. ^ Second borderline is behind
  18. ^ Pratt & Whitney PW1000G Engine Selected to Power Russia's Irkut MS-21 Aircraft Archived 13 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  19. ^ Hamilton Sundstrand Announces $2.3B Deal With Irkut
  20. ^ Western next generation engines power to MS-21 and C919 selection at flightglobal.com
  21. ^ Reed Business Information Limited. "SINGAPORE 2010: Goodrich wins MS-21 flight control system deal". Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  22. ^ [1] 12 December 2006
  23. ^ "PARIS: Irkut forges ahead with MS-21 work". Flightglobal.com. 19 June 2011. Archived from the original on 22 June 2011. Retrieved 23 June 2011. 
  24. ^ The first serial MS-21 in 2017 Historialotnictwa by Google-Translate
  25. ^ Russia's United Aircraft to develop new twin-jet , FlightGlobal, 4 September 2012
  26. ^ MC-21 specifications at irkut.com (Russian)
  27. ^ MC-21 specifications at uacrussia.ru (Russian)
  28. ^ PD-14 engine family at avid.ru (Russian)
  29. ^ PW1000G Engine at pw.utc.com
  30. ^ "New MC-21 orders". Take Off Magazine,November 2013. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  31. ^ "MAKS: Irkut adds 82 orders and commitments for MC-21". Flight Global ,29 August 2013. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 
  32. ^ "Azerbaijan's AZAL to receive Russian MC-21 passenger planes". Trend.Az. 2016-06-08. Retrieved 2016-06-10. 
  33. ^ "Aeroflot plans up to 50 MS-21s as part of effort to support Russia's airliner industry". Flightglobal.com. 1 September 2010. Retrieved 1 September 2010. 
  34. ^ ""Ильюшин Финанс Ко." займется продажей самолётов МС-21". aex.ru. Retrieved 7 April 2015. 
  35. ^ "MAKS: Ilyushin Finance orders 28 MS-21s". Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  36. ^ "Rostekhnologii and IFC sign for up to 135 MS-21s". Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  37. ^ Reed Business Information Limited. "Irkut". flightglobal.com. Retrieved 7 April 2015. 
  38. ^ "IrAero will acquire 10 MS-21s - News - Russian Aviation - RUAVIATION.COM". ruaviation.com. Retrieved 7 April 2015. 
  39. ^ Reed Business Information Limited. "MAKS: Red Wings signs for Russian jets and Q400s". flightglobal.com. Retrieved 7 April 2015. 
  40. ^ Thomson Reuters Africa. "Russia's Irkut to sell six MC-21 airliners to Egypt's Cairo Aviation". af.reuters.com. Retrieved 11 November 2015. 
  41. ^ Лысцеваwrote, Марина; 10:03:00, 2016-06-08 10:03:00 Марина Лысцева fotografersha 2016-06-08. "МС-21 впервые показали широкой публике!". Retrieved 2016-06-08. 

External links[edit]