Irkut MC-21

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Model of the proposed MC-21-200.
Role Narrow-body twin-engine jet airliner
National origin Russian Federation
Manufacturer United Aircraft Corporation
Designer Irkut Corporation and Yakovlev Design Bureau
Status In development[1]
Number built Building two flying prototypes[2]
Program cost US$ 4.6 billion[3]
Unit cost
MS-21-200: US$ 72 million[4]

The Irkut MC-21 (formerly known in English as MS-21 Russian: МС‑21 "Магистральный Самолёт 21 века" - "Magistralny Samolyot 21 veka" - "Airliner of the 21st Century") is a series of three twin-engine short-range and mid-range Russian jet airliners with a capacity of 150-212 passengers being developed and to be produced by Irkut and Yakovlev Design Bureau of the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) group.[5]

The design is based on the never-realized, twin-engine Yakovlev Yak-242 as a development of the three-engine Yakovlev Yak-42. According to a recent statement made by Russian deputy premier Dmitry Rogozin, the name of the MC-21 serial production aircraft will again be Yak-242.[6][7]

Due to replace the Tupolev Tu-154 and older Tupolev Tu-204/214 in service,[8] the MC-21 certification and delivery was initially planned by 2016,[9] but delivery was delayed to 2017.[10]

Development and design[edit]

Assembly of prototype in January 2016

The initial design is to include composite materials (about 33%), increasing to 40-45% provided a composite wing is added in 2015. In March 2008, a contract was signed which will see Sukhoi Civil Aircraft Company, a subsidiary of Sukhoi Corporation, designing and manufacturing composite wings for the aircraft.[11] Engines supplied for the Russian domestic market will be the Aviadvigatel PD-14.[12][13] In December 2009, Pratt & Whitney announced that the Irkut Corporation had selected the PW1000G engine to power the MC-21.[14] On August 20, 2009, Hamilton Sundstrand, a subsidiary of United Technologies Corporation, announced they had signed a $2.3 billion deal with Irkut to supply systems for the MC-21.[15] Irkut also selected Rockwell Collins and its Russian partner Avionika to supply the MC-21's avionics.[16] Goodrich also a subsidiary of United Technologies Corporation, along with Aviapribor, secured the mandate to develop an integrated control system for the MC-21.[17] The Interior will feature furnishings from Zodiac Aerospace, coordinated from C&D Zodiac in Huntington Beach, California. The Water and Waste Systems of the aircraft will incorporate innovations from Zodiac Aerospace in Carson, California.

The designer plans that the MC-21 will be 10-15% more efficient than Airbus and Boeing aircraft in the same class and it will have a 15% structural weight efficiency advantage, 20% lower operating costs, and 15% lower fuel consumption than the Airbus A320[11] with an initial target price of $35 million USD.[18]

As of 2009, the MC-21 was in the pre-design phase, with projected completion of the first prototype in 2013, the first flight in 2014 and deliveries commencing in 2016.[8] By June 2011, the pre-design phase of development had been completed, giving way to the working design phase in which models and drawings are constructed, with an estimated completion date of this phase sometime in mid-2012.[19]

Delayed delivery was announced by Dmitry Rogozin - vice-premier of Russian Government in charge of defense industry - on February 10, 2012, with first flights planned 2016 and delivery planned in 2017.[20]


Mock-up of the flight deck featuring a HUD.
  • Empty plane weight is reduced due to composite and prospective alloy materials and lighter new generation onboard systems.[1]
  • Efficient aerodynamic characteristics are ensured by the expertise of the Central Aero and Hydrodynamics Institute, one of the oldest and most experienced institutions in the world in the field of aero and hydro dynamics.
  • Wide cabin (3.81m), MC-21's cabin is wider than the cabin of an Airbus A320 by 12 cm and a Boeing 737 by 28 cm. As a result, two passengers can go through the aisle without blocking each other. The wide cabin also allows to construct the biggest luggage racks in the class with the aim to decrease MC-21's turn-around time at the airport (important for charter and low-cost carriers), to provide better comfort for passengers and to make the cabin more suitable for carriers' purposes.
Mock-up of the cabin.
  • The MC-21 development is oriented to meeting customers’ requirements, with the potential customers being involved into the design process on its earliest stages.[1]
  • MC-21 family aircraft will be in compliance with future environmental requirements. Cumulative margin noise above Chapter 4 ICAO, measured for three reference points, will be over 15 EPNdB.[1]
  • Emission engine characteristics on NOx meets the requirements of the CAEP6 ICAO and Chapter 2 (part III) vol II “Aircraft Engine Emissions” with 50% margin. Relatively to the current models MC-21’s engines will emit 20% less СО2 per passenger seat.[citation needed] [1]
  • High cost operational effectiveness, international certification under AR IAC, EASA, FAA requirements, individual logistic and maintenance support during all life cycle will make the aircraft attractive both for Russian and foreign carriers.[1]
  • Head-up display (also known as a HUD) installed in the cockpit. The idea is to help pilot during landing in adverse weather conditions (in terms of minimum visibility) and for other purposes.


The baseline MC-21-300 is designed around 180 passengers in single-class configuration and will be followed by a 153-seat -200 with basic and extended-range models, plus a very-long-range MC-21-200LR. A larger 212-seat -400 version is taken under consideration. Initially, a smaller variant, MC-21-100, with a capacity of up to 132 passengers, was also proposed, but, in order to avoid competition with the Sukhoi Superjet 130, it was cancelled.[21] Cargo and business variants are also being considered.[1]

Shortened version with up to 176 passengers, competing directly with Airbus A319neo, Boeing 737 MAX 7 and Bombardier CS300.
Standard model with up to 211 passengers, competing directly with Airbus A320neo, Boeing 737 MAX 8/MAX 200 and Comac C919.
Planned stretched model with up to 230 passengers, competing directly with Airbus A321neo and Boeing 737 MAX 9.


MC-21-200 MC-21-300 MC-21-400
Cockpit crew Two
Seating capacity 176 (1-class, maximum)
153 (1-class, standard)
135 (2-class, standard)
211 (1-class, maximum)
181 (1-class, standard)
163 (2-class, standard)
230 (1-class, dense)
212 (1-class, standard)
178 (2-class, standard)
Seat pitch 82 cm (32 in) in (1-class, standard), 76 cm (30 in) in (1-class, dense)
Length 36.8 m (120 ft 9 in) 42.3 m (138 ft 9 in) 46.7 m (153 ft 3 in)
Wingspan 35.9 m (117 ft 9 in) 36.8 m (120 ft 9 in)
Height 11.5 m (37 ft 9 in) 12.7 m (41 ft 8 in)
Fuselage width 4.06 m (13 ft 4 in)
Cabin width 3.81 m (12 ft 6 in)
Maximum take-off weight 72,390 kg (159,590 lb) 79,250 kg (174,720 lb) 87,230 kg (192,310 lb)
Maximum landing weight 61,650 kg (135,910 lb) 69,100 kg (152,300 lb) -
Maximum payload 17,560 kg (38,710 lb) 22,600 kg (49,800 lb) -
Cargo capacity 31.1 m3 (1,100 cu ft) 48 m3 (1,700 cu ft) 70.1 m3 (2,480 cu ft)
Maximum fuel capacity 20,400 kg (45,000 lb) -
Range fully loaded 6,000 km (3,700 mi) 5,900 km (3,700 mi) 5,500 km (3,400 mi)
Engine (x 2) Aviadvigatel PD-14A
Pratt & Whitney PW1428G
Aviadvigatel PD-14
Pratt & Whitney PW1431G
Aviadvigatel PD-14M
Max. thrust (x 2) 123 kN
12,500 kgf; 28,000 lbf
140 kN
14,000 kgf; 31,000 lbf
153 kN
15,600 kgf; 34,000 lbf


By the end of MAKS 2013, total commitments for MC-21 raised to 276 aircraft, including 175 firm orders, according to Irkut vice-president of marketing and sales Kirill Budaev. 50 of them had been ordered by the Aviakapital-Service leasing company (a subsidiary of the Rostec corporation) for Aeroflot and 35 more, powered by PD-14 turbofan engines, for governmental customers. 50 planes more were ordered by Ilyushin Finance Co.; of them, six could be leased to Transaero and 10 to Red Wings. 30 airliners more are bought by VEB Leasing; 10 of them could be leased to UTair Aviation and six to Transaero. In addition, Irkut now has a single-source contract with IrAero for 10 planes plus an agreement with Sberbank Leasing for 20 aircraft, with the latter agreement to beef the orderbook up to 195 airliners.[26][27]

Date Company Entering Service Type Reference
MC-21-200 MC-21-300 MC-21-400 Options
1 September 2010 Aeroflot 2016 50 0 [28]
7 June 2010 Crecom Burj Resources 2016 25 25 [29]
21 July 2010 Nordwind Airlines 3 2
21 July 2010 VEB Leasing 15 15
18 August 2011 Ilyushin Finance Co. 2019 - 28 - 22 [30][31]
23 August 2011 Rostec 2017 15 35 - 35 [32][33]
16 September 2011 IrAero - 10 - 10 [34]
27 August 2013 Transaero - 6 - -
27 August 2013 UTAir - 10 - -
30 August 2013 Red Wings Airlines 2019 - 10 - - [35]
9 September 2015 Cairo Aviation 6 4 [36]
Total 257 84

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists


  1. ^ a b c d e f g MS-21 at
  2. ^ "MC-21 programme proceeds to assembly phase". 31 Jan 2014. 
  3. ^ "Russia to Spend $4.6Bln on MS-21 Airliner". RIA Novosti. 13 February 2014. 
  4. ^ PARIS: Irkut to build first MC-21 by year-end at
  5. ^ ":: -21". Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  6. ^ "MS-21 aircraft will be powered by another engine and its designation will be changed to Yak-242". Russian Aviation, News 24 October 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-26. 
  7. ^ "Russia to revive Yak-242 name for Irkut MC-21". 25 Oct 2013. Retrieved 31 July 2014. 
  8. ^ a b Russia's United Aircraft 2009/08/11
  9. ^ Семейство ближне-среднемагистральных пассажирских самолётов МС-21 (in Russian). United Aircraft Corporation. Retrieved 2008-12-18. 
  10. ^ Irkut is developing the MS-21 narrowbody and aiming for first flight in 2014 Flightglobal
  11. ^ a b "Sukhoi wins bid to build wings for new MS-21 passenger plane". Moscow: RIA Novosti. 13 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-18. 
  12. ^ Reed Business Information Limited. "Russia firms 'PD-14' domestic engine concept for MS-21". Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  13. ^ Second borderline is behind
  14. ^ Pratt & Whitney PW1000G Engine Selected to Power Russia's Irkut MS-21 Aircraft[dead link]
  15. ^ Hamilton Sundstrand Announces $2.3B Deal With Irkut
  16. ^ Western next generation engines power to MS-21 and C919 selection at
  17. ^ Reed Business Information Limited. "SINGAPORE 2010: Goodrich wins MS-21 flight control system deal". Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  18. ^ [1] December 12, 2006
  19. ^ "PARIS: Irkut forges ahead with MS-21 work". 19 June 2011. Archived from the original on 22 June 2011. Retrieved 23 June 2011. 
  20. ^ The first serial MS-21 in 2017 Historialotnictwa by Google-Translate
  21. ^ Russia's United Aircraft to develop new twin-jet , FlightGlobal, 2012-09-04
  22. ^ MC-21 specifications at (Russian)
  23. ^ MC-21 specifications at (Russian)
  24. ^ PD-14 engine family at (Russian)
  25. ^ PW1000G Engine at
  26. ^ "New MC-21 orders". Take Off Magazine,November 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-30. 
  27. ^ "MAKS: Irkut adds 82 orders and commitments for MC-21". Flight Global ,29 August 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-29. 
  28. ^ "Aeroflot plans up to 50 MS-21s as part of effort to support Russia’s airliner industry". 1 September 2010. Retrieved 1 September 2010. 
  29. ^ Malaysia's CRECOM to buy 50 Russia-produced MS-21 jets, RIAN, 2010-07-21
  30. ^ ""Ильюшин Финанс Ко." займется продажей самолётов МС-21". Retrieved 7 April 2015. 
  31. ^ "MAKS: Ilyushin Finance orders 28 MS-21s". Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  32. ^ "Rostekhnologii and IFC sign for up to 135 MS-21s". Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  33. ^ Reed Business Information Limited. "Irkut". Retrieved 7 April 2015. 
  34. ^ "IrAero will acquire 10 MS-21s - News - Russian Aviation - RUAVIATION.COM". Retrieved 7 April 2015. 
  35. ^ Reed Business Information Limited. "MAKS: Red Wings signs for Russian jets and Q400s". Retrieved 7 April 2015. 
  36. ^ Thomson Reuters Africa. "Russia's Irkut to sell six MC-21 airliners to Egypt's Cairo Aviation". Retrieved 11 November 2015. 

External links[edit]