Irma la Douce

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Irma la Douce
Irma la Douce 1963 film poster.jpg
Italian release poster
Directed byBilly Wilder
Written byBilly Wilder
I. A. L. Diamond
Alexandre Breffort (play)
Produced byBilly Wilder
I. A. L. Diamond
Edward L. Alperson
Doane Harrison
Alexandre Trauner
StarringJack Lemmon
Shirley MacLaine
Narrated byLouis Jourdan
CinematographyJoseph LaShelle
Edited byDaniel Mandell
Music byAndré Previn
Production
company
Distributed byUnited Artists
Release date
  • June 5, 1963 (1963-06-05)
Running time
147 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$5 million[1]
Box office$25.2 million[2]

Irma la Douce (French: [iʁ.ma la dus], "Irma the Sweet") is a 1963 American romantic comedy film based on the 1956 French stage musical Irma La Douce by Marguerite Monnot and Alexandre Breffort. It was directed by Billy Wilder, and starring Jack Lemmon and Shirley MacLaine.[3]

Plot[edit]

Nestor Patou (Jack Lemmon), an honest cop, has been transferred from the park Bois de Boulogne to a more urban neighborhood in Paris. He finds a street full of prostitutes working at the Hotel Casanova and proceeds to raid the place.[4] The police inspector, who is Nestor's superior, and the other policemen, have been aware of the prostitution, but tolerate it in exchange for bribes.[5] The inspector, a client of the prostitutes himself, fires Nestor,[4] who is mistakenly framed for bribery.

Kicked off the force and humiliated, Nestor finds himself drawn to the very neighborhood that ended his career with the Paris police - returning to Chez Moustache, a popular hangout tavern for prostitutes and pimps. Down on his luck, Nestor befriends Irma La Douce (Shirley MacLaine), a popular prostitute. He reluctantly accepts, as a confidante, the proprietor of Chez Moustache, a man known only as "Moustache." In a running joke, Moustache (Lou Jacobi), a seemingly ordinary barkeeper, tells of a storied prior life, claiming to have been, among other things, an attorney, a Colonel in the Foreign Legion, and a doctor who worked with Albert Schweitzer in Africa, ending with the repeated line, "But that's another story". After saving Irma from her abusive pimp, Hippolyte, Nestor moves in with her, and soon finds himself as Irma's new one.[5]

Though Nestor is upset with Irma for accompanying other men, he comes up with a plan to stop her. But he soon finds out that it is not all that it is cracked up to be. Using a disguise, he invents an alter-ego, "Lord X", a British lord, who "becomes" Irma's sole client.[4] Nestor's plans to keep Irma off the streets soon backfire, and she becomes suspicious, since Nestor must work long and hard in the market at night to earn the cash "Lord X" pays Irma.[4] When Irma decides to leave Paris with the fictitious Lord X, Nestor decides to end the charade. Unaware he is being tailed by Hippolyte, he finds a secluded stretch along the river Seine, and tosses his disguise into it. Hippolyte, not having seen Nestor change his clothes, sees "Lord X"'s clothes floating in the water, and concludes Nestor murdered him. Before Nestor is arrested, Moustache advises him not to reveal Lord X was a fabrication. Nestor admits to having killed Lord X, but only because of his love for Irma.

Nestor is sentenced to life in prison for fifteeen years. Knowing Irma is loving him and becoming pregnant, Moustache and Nestor escape prison, and returns to her. He narrowly avoids being recaptured when the police search for him at the apartment, but donning his old uniform, Nestor simply blends in with the other police. With the help of Hippolyte, Nestor arranges for the police to search for him along the Seine from which, dressed as Lord X, he emerges. Knowing he cannot be re-arrested for a murder the police now know did not occur, Nestor goes to the church, where he plans to marry Irma. As she walks down the aisle, she begins to experience contractions, and they continue during the wedding ceremony. Nestor and Irma head to the labor, and deliver the baby. While everyone congratulates Nestor and Irma, Moustache identifies the real Lord X as a guest. As Lord X leaves, a clearly baffled Moustache looks at the audience.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

The film was conceived as Marilyn Monroe's vehicle in 1962.[4] The project would have reunited her with Wilder and Lemmon, both of whom had worked with her on Some Like It Hot. After Monroe's death, Shirley MacLaine was cast in the film after starring in The Apartment.[6] MacLaine was paid $350,000 plus a percentage.[7]

Reception[edit]

The film was a hit, grossing $25,246,588 worldwide[2] on a budget of $5 million.[1] It was the fifth highest-grossing film of 1963, earning an estimated $12 million in North America.[8] Irma la Douce earned over $15 million in worldwide rentals, but because of profit participation for Wilder and the two stars, United Artists only made a profit of $440,000 during the film's theatrical run.[7]

Bosley Crowther of The New York Times called it "a brisk and bubbly film" with Lemmon "little short of brilliant" and MacLaine having "a wonderously casual and candid air that sweeps indignation before it and leaves one sweetly enamoured of her."[9] Variety praised the "scintillating performances" by Lemmon and MacLaine but thought that the film "lacks the originality of some of Wilder's recent efforts" and that the 147-minute running time was "an awfully long haul for a frivolous farce."[10] Philip K. Scheuer of the Los Angeles Times reported that "I found it a brilliant, though outrageously outspoken comedy."[11] Richard L. Coe of The Washington Post panned the film as "overblown and overlong, two hours and three quarters tediously spent on a single joke."[12] The Monthly Film Bulletin wrote, "Though the film stretches for two and a third hours, and rarely ventures away from the two principals and the studio-built Rue Casanova, the humour and spontaneity endure surprisingly well ... most credit goes to Shirley MacLaine and Jack Lemmon for yet another tour de force of comedy playing."[13] The film gave 76% ratings on Rotten Tomatoes based on 21 reviews.[14]

Accolades[edit]

Year Award Category Recipients and nominees Results
1963 Academy Awards Best Original Score Andre Previn Won[15]
Best Cinematography, Color Joseph LaShelle Nominated[15]
Best Actress Shirley Maclaine Nominated[15]
Golden Globe Awards Best Actress – Motion Picture Comedy or Musical Shirley MacLaine Won[16]
Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Jack Lemmon Nominated[16]
Best Motion Picture - Comedy or Musical Irma la Douce Nominated[16]
David di Donatello Awards Best Foreign Actress (Migliore Attrice Straniera) Shirley MacLaine Won[17]
Writers Guild of America Awards Best Comedy Screenplay Billy Wilder Nominated[18]
1964 BAFTA Awards Best Foreign Actress Shirley MacLaine Nominated[19]

Soundtrack[edit]

Irma La Douce
Irma la douce (rykodisc.jpg
Soundtrack album by
Released13 July 1998
LabelRykodisc

All compositions by André Previn,[20] using themes by Marguerite Monnot.

  1. "Main Title" 2:14
  2. "Meet Irma" 1:42
  3. "This Is the Story" 3:16
  4. "Nestor the Honest Policeman" 1:54
  5. "Our Language of Love" 2:04
  6. "Don't Take All Night" 5:43
  7. "The Market" 6:28
  8. "Easy Living the Hard Way" 3:16
  9. "Escape" 2:13
  10. "Wedding Ring" 1:35
  11. "The Return of Lord X" 1:24
  12. "In the Tub with Fieldglasses" 2:27
  13. "Goodbye Lord X" 3:17
  14. "I'm Sorry Irma" 1:38
  15. "Juke Box: Let's Pretend Love" 3:07
  16. "Juke Box: Look Again" 2:16
  17. "But That's Another Story" 0:38

The film also features an a cappella enticement song set to the tune of Alouette.

Remakes[edit]

Others[edit]

In 1968, the Egyptian movie Afrit Mirati (My Wife's Goblin) starring Shadia and Salah Zulfikar contained a soundtrack titled Irma la Douce performed by Shadia. The Egyptian film خمسة باب (khamsa bab) was based on the story in Irma La Douce, with Nadia El Guindy playing the part of Tragy, the Egyptian Irma character.[23]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Box Office Information for Irma la Douce. IMDb via Internet Archive. Retrieved September 5, 2013.
  2. ^ a b Box Office Information for Irma la Douce. The Numbers. Retrieved September 5, 2013.
  3. ^ Tibbetts, John C. (2000). Video Versions: Film Adaptations of Plays on Video. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 168. ISBN 978-0-313-30185-8.
  4. ^ a b c d e Hogan, Katie (18 March 2019). ""This is not just a job, it's a profession" - 'Irma La Douce' (Blu-Ray review)". VultureHound Magazine. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Irma la Douce (1963)". www.filmaffinity.com. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
  6. ^ Potton, Ed (15 March 2019). "Irma la Douce (1963) review". The Times. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
  7. ^ a b Tino Balio, United Artists: The Company The Changed the Film Industry, Uni of Wisconsin Press, 1987 p 171
  8. ^ "Top Rental Films of 1963", Variety, 8 January 1964 p 37. Please note this figure is film rentals accruing to distributors, not gross takings.
  9. ^ Crowther, Bosley (June 6, 1963). "The Screen: Wilder's 'Irma la Douce'". The New York Times. p. 37.
  10. ^ "Film Reviews: Irma La Douce". Variety. June 5, 1963. 6.
  11. ^ Scheuer, Philip K. (July 3, 1963). "'Irma' Audaciously Funny Wilder Film". Los Angeles Times. Part IV, p. 9.
  12. ^ Coe, Richard L. (June 22, 1963). "Now, Irma's Not So Sweet". The Washington Post. D6.
  13. ^ "Irma La Douce". The Monthly Film Bulletin. 31 (361): 20. February 1964.
  14. ^ "Irma La Douce". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  15. ^ a b c "36th Academy Awards (1964) - Movies from 1963". FilmAffinity. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
  16. ^ a b c "21th Golden Globes Awards (1964) - Movies from 1963". FilmAffinity. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
  17. ^ "David di Donatello Awards 1964". FilmAffinity. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
  18. ^ "Writers Guild Awards (WGA) - Movies from 1963". FilmAffinity. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
  19. ^ "BAFTA 1965: British Academy Film Awards (Movies from 1964)". FilmAffinity. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
  20. ^ "Irma la Douce [Original Motion Picture Soundtrack] - André Previn | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
  21. ^ "Irma la Douce". IMDb. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
  22. ^ Singh, Prerna (6 June 2018). "Manoranjan Film Review: An Attempt To Break Stereotypes Around Sex Work". Feminism In India. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
  23. ^ "My Wife's Goblin". IMDb. Retrieved 24 December 2019.

External links[edit]