3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||215.65 g mol−1|
|Density||4.63 g cm−3, solid|
|Melting point|| 684 °C (1,263 °F; 957 K) (anhydrous) |
27 °C (Hexahydrate)
|Boiling point||934 °C (1,713 °F; 1,207 K)|
|117 g / 100 ml|
|Solubility in other solvents||THF, methanol, ethanol|
|Rhombohedral, hP3, SpaceGroup = P-3m1, No. 164|
|R-phrases (outdated)||R20 R36/37/38|
|S-phrases (outdated)||S26 S36|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Iron(II) bromide is a chemical compound with the chemical formula FeBr2. The anhydrous compound is a yellow or brownish-colored paramagnetic solid. Several hydrates of FeBr2 are also known, all being pale colored solids. It is a common precursor to other iron compounds in research laboratory, but no applications exist for this compound.
Like most metal halides, FeBr2 adopts a polymeric structure consisting of isolated metal centers cross-linked with halides. It crystallizes with the CdI2 structure, featuring close-packed layers of bromide ions, between which are located Fe(II) ions in octahedral holes. The packing of the halides is slightly different from that for FeCl2, which adopts the CdCl2 motif.
Synthesis and reactions
FeBr2 is synthesized using a methanol solution of concentrated hydrobromic acid and iron powder. It adds the methanol solvate [Fe(MeOH)6]Br2 together with hydrogen gas. Heating the methanol complex in a vacuum gives pure FeBr2. Iron(II) bromide cannot be formed by the reaction of iron and bromine, because that reaction would produce ferric bromide.
FeBr2 reacts with 2 equivalents of (C2H5)4NBr to give [(C2H5)4N]2FeBr4.
FeBr2 reacts with bromide and bromine to form the intensely colored, mixed-valence species [FeBr3Br9]−.
- Haberecht, J.; Borrmann, H.; Kniep, R. "Refinement of the Crystal Structure of Iron Dibromide, FeBr2" Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - New Crystal Structures 2001, vol. 216, p. 510. doi:10.1524/ncrs.2001.216.14.544
- G. Winter, "Iron(II) Halides" "Inorganic Syntheses" 1973, volume 14, pages 101-104. doi: 10.1002/9780470132456.ch20
- N. S. Gill, F.. B. Taylor Inorganic Syntheses 1967, volume 9, page 136-142. doi: 10.1002/9780470132401.ch37
- Holleman, A. F.; Wiberg, E. "Inorganic Chemistry" Academic Press: San Diego, 2001. ISBN 0-12-352651-5
- Wilkinson, M. K.; Cable, J. W.; Wollan, E. O.; Koehler, W. C. (15 January 1959). "Neutron Diffraction Investigations of the Magnetic Ordering in FeBr2, CoBr2, FeCl2, and CoCl2". Physical Review. 113 (2): 497–507. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.113.497.
- Jacobs, I. S.; Lawrence, P. E. (10 December 1967). "Metamagnetic Phase Transitions and Hysteresis in FeCl2". Physical Review. 164 (2): 866–878. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.164.866.