3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||134.81 g/mol|
|Melting point||965 °C (1,769 °F; 1,238 K)|
|0.975 g/100 mL|
|hexagonal / tetragonal|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Iron(II) selenide refers to a number of inorganic compounds of ferrous iron and selenide (Se2−). The phase diagram of the system Fe–Se reveals the existence of several non-stoichiometric phases between ~49 at. % Se and ~53 at. % Fe, and temperatures up to ~450 °C. The low temperature stable phases are the tetragonal PbO-structure (P4/nmm) β-Fe1−xSe and α-Fe7Se8. The high temperature phase is the hexagonal, NiAs structure (P63/mmc) δ-Fe1−xSe. Iron (II) selenide occurs naturally as the NiAs-structure mineral achavalite.
More selenium rich iron selenide phases are the γ phases (γ and γˈ), assigned the Fe3Se4 stoichiometry, and FeSe2, which occurs as the marcasite-structure natural mineral feroselite, or the rare pyrite-structure mineral dzharkenite.
It is used in electrical semiconductors.
β-FeSe is the simplest iron-based superconductor but with the diverse properties. It starts to superconduct at 8 K at normal pressure but its critical temperature (Tc) is dramatically increasing to 38 K under pressure and by means of intercalation. The combination of both intercalation and pressure results in re-emerging superconductivity at 48 (see  and references therein).
In 2013 it was reported that a single atomic layer of FeSe epitaxially grown on SrTiO3 is superconductive with a then-record transition temperature for iron-based superconductors of 70K. This discovery has attracted significant attention and in 2014 a superconducting transition temperature of over 100K was reported for this system.
It has been suggested that alternating layers of FeSe and CoSe (cobalt selenide) might boost Tc even further due to proximity effects, cobalt has been used in other pnictogen compounds as a substitute for iron and found to work as well.
- Okamoto H (1991). "The Fe–Se (Iron-Selenium) System". Journal of Phase Equilibria. 12 (3): 383–389.
- Yu. V. Pustovit and A. A. Kordyuk (2016). "Metamorphoses of electronic structure of FeSe-based superconductors (Review article)". Low. Temp. Phys. 42. arXiv: .
- F.-C. Hsu et al. (2008). "Superconductivity in the PbO-type structure α-FeSe". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 105 (38): 14262–14264. PMC . PMID 18776050. arXiv: . doi:10.1073/pnas.0807325105.
- Medvedev, S.; McQueen, T. M.; Troyan, I. A.; Palasyuk, T.; Eremets, M. I.; Cava, R. J.; Naghavi, S.; Casper, F.; Ksenofontov, V.; Wortmann, G.; Felser, C. (2009). "Electronic and Magnetic Phase Diagram of β-Fe1.01Se with superconductivity at 36.7 K under pressure". Nature Materials. 8 (8): 630–633. Bibcode:2009NatMa...8..630M. PMID 19525948. arXiv: . doi:10.1038/nmat2491.
- R. Peng et al. (2013). "Enhanced superconductivity and evidence for novel pairing in single-layer FeSe on SrTiO3 thin film under large tensile strain". Physical Review Letters. 112 (10). Bibcode:2014PhRvL.112j7001P. arXiv: . doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.107001.
- J.-F. Ge et al. (2014). "Superconductivity in single-layer films of FeSe with a transition temperature above 100 K". arXiv: [cond-mat.supr-con].
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