Iron Horse State Park
Iron Horse State Park, part of the Washington State Park System, is a 1,612-acre (7 km2) state park located in the Cascade Mountains and Yakima River Valley, between Cedar Falls on the west and the Columbia River on the east.
The park is contiguous with a rail trail that crosses Snoqualmie Pass. The trail is located within the former right-of-way of The Milwaukee Road, officially the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad. Most of the right-of-way between Cedar Falls and the Idaho border was acquired by the state, through a quitclaim deed, as a result of the railroad's 1977 bankruptcy. As part of the reorganization of the company, the railroad embargoed its lines west of Miles City, MT in 1980 and ceased service in Washington. The state acquired the land in the early 1980s and eventually converted the right of way west of the Columbia River into 110 miles (177 km) of hiking, mountain biking, and horseback riding trail. The trail, known as the John Wayne Pioneer Trail, continues beyond Iron Horse State Park to the Idaho border. Iron Horse State Park contains the most developed portion of the trail.
At Cedar Falls, the west end of Iron Horse State Park, the John Wayne Pioneer Trail connects to the Snoqualmie Valley Trail of the King County Regional Trail System. The Snoqualmie Valley Trail is built on a portion of the former Milwaukee Road branch line from Cedar Falls to Everett.
Like most rails-to-trails projects, Iron Horse is popular with hikers and cyclists. There are many trail heads across the state, most with modern facilities, ample parking for a less common trail, and even a handful of campgrounds.
The park trail continues through the Town of South Cle Elum where the preserved Milwaukee Road depot and substation, as well as the remains of the rail yard are located. The depot, substation, and rail yard are listed in the National Register of Historic Places. There is a small museum in the depot. In Kittitas, the trail passes The Milwaukee Road depot and the ruins of one of the substations. That depot is also listed in the National Register of Historic Places. In addition to these buildings, other infrastructure remains, such as tunnels and bridges.
- List of rail trails
- Northwest Railway Museum
- Seattle, Lake Shore and Eastern Railway
- Snoqualmie Pass
- Hyak, Washington
- "Trails". Washington State Parks. Retrieved 2014-08-20.
- "Iron Horse State Park". Washington State Parks. Retrieved 2014-08-20.
- "Snoqualmie Valley Trail". King County Regional Trail System. Department of Natural Resources and Parks, Parks and Recreation Division. 2005-09-19. Archived from the original on 2006-10-01. Retrieved 2006-04-21.
- "Washington State Tour Planning and Bicycling Maps". Collection of maps and resources. WSDOT. 2006. Archived from the original (Web and PDF) on 2007-08-06. Retrieved 2007-07-03.
- "History of the Greenway Landscape". "Mountains to Sound Greenway: About the Greenway". 2006. Retrieved 2006-04-21.
- "Iron Horse", "Welcome to Washington State Parks". 2006, retrieved 21 April 2006.
- Prater, Yvonne (1981). Snoqualmie Pass: From Indian Trail to Interstate. Seattle: The Mountaineers. ISBN 0-89886-015-6.
- "Snoqualmie Valley Trail". King County Regional Trail System. Department of Natural Resources and Parks, Parks and Recreation Division. 2005-09-19. Archived from the original on 2000-10-19. Retrieved 2006-04-21.
- Wilma, David (2003-01-22). "Northern Pacific Railroad establishes Tenino as a rail junction in 1872.". "HistoryLink.org Essay 5090". Retrieved 2006-04-21.
Wilma referenced Gordon R. Newell, So Fair A Dwelling Place: A History of Olympia and Thurston County, Washington (Olympia: The Olympia News Publishing Co., 1950), p. 27.
- "Chicago Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad through the Cascades" image, courtesy of MOHAI (Museum of History and Industry).