Ferrocalamus

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Iron bamboo
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Bambusoideae
Supertribe: Bambusodae
Tribe: Bambuseae
Subtribe: Arundinariinae
Genus: Ferrocalamus
J.R.Xue & Keng.f.
Species: F. strictus
Binomial name
Ferrocalamus strictus
Hsuey & Keng.f.
Synonyms[1]

Ferrocalamus rimosivaginus T.H.Wen

Ferrocalamus (iron bamboo) is a genus of Chinese bamboo in the grass family.[2] endemic to China. The plant is known only from southern Yunnan, at elevations of 900 to 1,200 m above sea level.[3]

Taxonomy[edit]

The genus Ferrocalamus is related to Indocalamus. However, Ferrocalamus is tree-like while Indocalamus is a shrub.

Description[edit]

Ferrocalamus are perennial shrubby bamboos having erect culms. The culms are about 5–9 m long with 20–50 mm diameter. The internodes are long, thick walled, with a ring of white hairs below the nodes. Culm sheaths are persistent, leathery at base, thinner at apex. The auricles are small or absent. Leaf blade is large with transverse venation. Inflorescence is a large panicle on leafy flowering branches. It has 3 stamens with free filaments. Ovary is glabrous having short styles short, with 2 stigmas. Fruit is rounded berry-like, succulent with thickened, fleshy pericarp but without hardened endocarp.[4][5]

Species[edit]

Uses[edit]

In the past, the culms were commonly used for making arrows.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/synonomy.do?name_id=414282 Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Xue, Ji Ru & Keng, Pai Chieh. 1982. Journal of Bamboo Research 1(2): 3
  3. ^ Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 135 铁竹属 tie zhu shu Ferrocalamus Hsueh & P. C. Keng, J. Bamboo Res. 1(2): 3. 1982.
  4. ^ a b Li DZ, Stapleton C (2006). "Ferrocalamus". In Wu ZY, Raven PH, Hong DY. Flora of China. St. Louis: Science Press, Beijing & Missouri Bot. Garden Press. p. 135. 
  5. ^ Clayton WD, Vorontsova MS, Harman KT, Williamson H (2006 onwards). "World Grass Species: Descriptions, Identification, and Information Retrieval". GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  6. ^ "Ferrocalamus fibrillosus". 
  7. ^ "Ferrocalamus rimosivaginus". 
  8. ^ "Ferrocalamus rimosivaginus". 
  9. ^ "Flora of China". 

External links[edit]