|eastern North America|
|Linguistic classification:||One of the world's primary language families|
|ISO 639-2 / 5:||iro|
Pre-European contact distribution of the Iroquoian languages.
Today, all surviving Iroquoian languages except Cherokee and Mohawk are severely endangered, with only a few elderly speakers remaining.
- Southern Iroquoian
- Northern Iroquoian
- Lakes Iroquoian
- Five Nations and Susquehannock
- Lakes Iroquoian
- Laurentian (†)
Scholars are finding that what has been called the Laurentian language appears to be more than one dialect or language.
In 1649 the tribes constituting the Huron and Petun confederations were displaced by war parties from Five Nations villages (Mithun 1985). Many of the survivors went on to form the Wyandot tribe. Ethnographic and linguistic field work with the Wyandot (Barbeau 1960) yielded enough documentation to be able to make some characterizations of the Huron and Petun languages.
The languages of the tribes that constituted the Wenrohronon, Neutral and the Erie confederations were very poorly documented. These groups were called Atiwandaronk meaning 'they who understand the language' by the Huron, and thus are historically grouped with them.
Iroquois linguistics and language revitalization
As of 2012, a program in Iroquois linguistics, the Certificate in Iroquois Linguistics for Language Learners, offered at the Syracuse University, is designed for students and language teachers working in language revitalization.
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- Mithun, Marianne. "Grammaticalization and Polysynthesis: Iroquoian" (PDF). Retrieved June 8, 2015.
- "Certificate in Iroquois Linguistics for Language Learners". University College. Retrieved 2012-09-06.
- Gale Courey Toensing (2012-09-02). "Iroquois Linguistics Certificate at Syracuse University Comes at Important Time for Native Languages". Indian Country Today Media Network. Retrieved 2012-09-06.
- Six Nations Polytechnic
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- Snow, Dean R.; Gehring, Charles T; Starna, William A. 1996. In Mohawk country: early narratives about a native people. Syracuse University Press. An anthology of primary sources from 1634-1810.