South Dundas, Ontario
|Municipality of South Dundas|
Upper Canada Village in Morrisburg
|County||Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry|
|Incorporated||1792 (Royal Townships)|
|Incorporated||1998 (South Dundas)|
|• Mayor||Steven Byvelds|
|• Federal riding||Stormont—Dundas—South Glengarry|
|• Prov. riding||Stormont—Dundas—South Glengarry|
|• Land||521.06 km2 (201.18 sq mi)|
|• Density||20.8/km2 (54/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Postal code FSA|
South Dundas is a municipality in eastern Ontario, Canada, in the United Counties of Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry along the north shore of the St. Lawrence River. It is located approximately 60 miles/100 kilometres south of Ottawa and is midway between Kingston and Montreal, Quebec.
The township of South Dundas comprises a number of villages and hamlets, including the following communities:
- Matilda Township: Brinston, Dixons Corners, Dundela, Glen Stewart, Hanesville, Hulbert, Irena, Iroquois, Stampville; Haddo, Pleasant Valley, Rowena, Toyes Hill; Iroquois Beach, New Ross, Oak Valley (partially), Pinetree Point, Rapide Plat Point, Robertson Point, Straders Hill
- Williamsburg Township: Dunbar, Elma, Glen Becker, Morrisburg, Riverside Heights, Williamsburg, Winchester Springs (partially); Archer, Beckstead, Boucks Hill, Colquhoust, Froatburn, Grantley (partially), Hoasic, Mariatown, Nudell Bush, Orchardside; Colquhoun, Crysler Beach, Doran Point, Marina Bay, Morrisburg Beach, Muttonville, The Sixth, Whitney Point
The township administrative offices are located in Morrisburg.
The county was named in 1792 to honour Henry Dundas, who was Lord Advocate for Scotland and Colonial Secretary at the time. Matilda and Williamsburgh were two of Upper Canada's original eight Royal Townships. The northern portions of Matilda and Williamsburg townships were separated in 1798 to form the new townships of Mountain and Winchester within Dundas County.
The McIntosh apple was discovered and cultivated in South Dundas near Williamsburg. John McIntosh's parents emigrated from Inverness, Scotland to the Mohawk Valley in New York, and John moved to Upper Canada in 1796. In 1811 he acquired a farm in Dundela, and while clearing the land of second growth discovered several apple seedlings. He transplanted these, and one bore the superior fruit which became famous as the McIntosh Red apple. John's son Allan established a nursery and promoted this new species extensively. It was widely acclaimed in Ontario and the northern United States, and was introduced into British Columbia about 1910. Its popularity in North America and propagation in many lands attest the initiative and industry of John McIntosh and his descendants.
James Pliny Whitney, Ontario's sixth premier, is buried here in the cemetery of Holy Trinity Anglican Church in Riverside Heights, just east of Morrisburg and north of County Road 2 (formerly Highway 2). Whitney was born in Williamsburg in 1843, represented Dundas County in the Legislature from 1888 to 1914 and served as Premier from 1905 to 1914.
Morrisburg and Iroquois were partially flooded by the creation of the St. Lawrence Seaway in 1958. Unlike the Lost Villages of Cornwall and Osnabruck Townships, however, the two towns were simply relocated to higher ground in the same area. There was an international design competition in 1954 to design the new Iroquois townsite. Canadian-British architect Wells Coates was among those who submitted redevelopment concepts.
An artificial lake, Lake Saint Lawrence, now extends from a hydroelectric dam at Cornwall to the control structure at Iroquois, and replaces the formerly narrow and turbulent section of river that was impassable to large vessels. It replaces, in part, the Long Sault rapids.
In 1976, stuntman Ken Carter attempted to jump a one-mile portion of the Saint Lawrence River by taking a one million dollar Lincoln Continental rocket car off an eight-storey ramp. This was billed as The Super Jump. The ramp and its runway were located in a field just west of Hanes Road, South of County road 2. The ramp has since been demolished, but the concrete runway still exists as of 2012.
The township was established on January 1, 1998, with the amalgamation of the former Townships of Matilda and Williamsburg, along with the Villages of Iroquois and Morrisburg.
Charles A. Barkley, who was elected mayor of the municipality in the 2006 municipal elections, died unexpectedly on June 17, 2009. He was a municipal politician since 1981 when he joined the Township of Matilda council. He was succeeded by deputy mayor Robert Gillard.
|Historical census populations|
|Population amounts prior to 2001 are total of Matilda TP, Williamsburgh TP, Iroquois VL, and Morrisburg VL.|
|Canada census – South Dundas, Ontario community profile|
|Population:||10,833 (0.4% from 2011)||10,794 (2.5% from 2006)||10,535 (-2.3% from 2001)|
|Land area:||521.06 km2 (201.18 sq mi)||520.10 km2 (200.81 sq mi)||519.98 km2 (200.77 sq mi)|
|Population density:||20.8/km2 (54/sq mi)||20.8/km2 (54/sq mi)||20.3/km2 (53/sq mi)|
|Median age:||50.0 (M: 49.3, F: 50.6)||47.3 (M: 46.7, F: 48.1)||43.6 (M: 42.9, F: 44.2)|
|Total private dwellings:||4,830||4700||4322|
|Median household income:||$65,067||$53,053|
|References: 2016 2011 2006 earlier|
The only provincial highway directly serving the township is Highway 401. All other highway routes in the township, including Highway 2 and Highway 31, were decommissioned by the province in the 1990s, and were folded into Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry's county road system. Highway 416, the main route from the 401 to Ottawa, has its southern terminus at Johnstown in the neighbouring township of Edwardsburgh/Cardinal.
Morrisburg is served by a small, unattended airport adjacent to Upper Canada Village. Iroquois is served by a small unattended airport near the locks.
Thoroughbred racing pioneer Francine Villeneuve, grew up in the community of Winchester Springs.
- "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2019-10-24.
- http://www.morrisburg.ca/history " A Glimpse of Morrisburg’s History"
- "South Dundas mayor dead at 59". Ottawa Citizen. 2009-06-18.
- "Popular, generous South Dundas Mayor found dead at 59". Cornwall Standard Freeholder, June 2009.
- "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-02-27.
- "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-02-27.
- "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
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