Irreligion by country

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World nonreligious population by percentage, Dentsu Institute (2006) and Zuckerman (2005)[1]

Irreligion, which may include deism, agnosticism, ignosticism, antireligion, atheism, skepticism, ietsism, spiritual but not religious, freethought, antitheism, apatheism, non-belief, pandeism, secular humanism, non-religious theism, pantheism and panentheism, varies in the different countries around the world. In a 2014 poll 33% of the world population were estimated to be atheist or not religious, splitting into 11% atheists and 22% not religious.[2]

Methodology[edit]

Each poll uses different questions and methods.

  • The WIN-Gallup International Association (WIN/GIA) poll asked "Irrespective of whether you attend a place of worship or not, would you say you are a religious person, not a religious person or a convinced atheist?" The results below are the totals for "not a religious person" and "a convinced atheist". Polling was face-to-face in 31 countries, by telephone in 12 and online in 22.
  • Dentsu Communication Institute provides data for respondents who stated that they have "no religion".
  • Phil Zuckerman uses only the number who describe themselves as atheist or agnostic.

The numbers come from different years, and might not be accurate for countries with governments that require or urge religion or secularism.

Countries[edit]

Country WIN/GIA[3]
(2014)
WIN/GIA[4][5]
(2012)
Dentsu[6]
(2006)
Zuckerman[7]
 Afghanistan (details) 9% 15%
 Albania (details) 8%
 Argentina 20% 26% 13% 4–8%
 Armenia 5% 5% 34%
 Australia (details) 58% 58% 24–25%
 Austria 54% 53% 12% 18–26%
 Azerbaijan (details) 54% 51%
 Bangladesh (details) 5%
 Belarus 48% 17%
 Belgium (details) 48% 34% 35% 42–43%
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 32% 29%
 Brazil (details) 18% 14%
 Bulgaria (details) 39% 30% 30% 34–40%
 Cameroon 17%
 Canada (details) 53% 49% 26% 19–30%
 Chile 34%
 China (details) 90% 77% 93% 8–14%
 Colombia 17% 15%
 Croatia 13% 7%
 Cuba 7%
 Czech Republic (details) 75% 78% 64% 54–61%
 Denmark (details) 52% 10% 43–80%
 Dominican Republic 7%
 Ecuador 28% 29%
 Estonia (details) 76% 49%
 Fiji 7% 6%
 Finland (details) 42% 44% 12% 28–60%
 France (details) 53% 63% 43% 43–54%
 Georgia (details) 7% 13%
 Germany (details) 59% 48% 25% 41–49%
 Ghana (details) 2%
 Greece 21% 4% 16%
 Hong Kong 70% 60%
 Hungary 43% 32–46%
 Iceland (details) 44% 41% 4% 16–23%
 India (details) 23% 16% 7%
 Indonesia (details) 15%
 Iran (details) 1%
 Iraq (details) 9%
 Ireland (details) 51% 54% 7%
 Israel (details) 65% 15–37%
 Italy 24% 23% 18% 6–15%
 Japan (details) 62% 62% 52% 64–65%
 Kazakhstan 11–12%
 Kenya (details) 9% 11%
 Kosovo 8%
 Kyrgyzstan 7%
 Latvia 50% 41% 20–29%
 Lebanon (details) 18% 35%
 Lithuania 23% 19% 13%
 Luxembourg 30%
 Macedonia 10% 9%
 Malaysia 23% 13%
 Malta 1%
 Mexico (details) 28% 21%
 Moldova 10%
 Mongolia 9%
 Morocco (details) 5%
 Netherlands (details) 66% 56% 55% 39–44%
 New Zealand (details) 20–22%
 Nigeria (details) 16% 5% 1%
 North Korea 15%
 Norway(details) 31–72%
 Pakistan (details) 11% 10%
 Palestinian territories 19% 33%
 Papua New Guinea 4%
 Peru 13% 11% 5%
 Philippines (details) 22% 11%
 Poland (details) 12% 14% 5%
 Portugal 37% 11% 4–9%
 Puerto Rico 11%
 Romania 17% 7% 2%
 Russia (details) 23% 32% 48% 24–48%
 Saudi Arabia (details) 24%
 Serbia 21% 19%
 Singapore (details) 13%
 Slovakia 23% 10–28%
 Slovenia 30% 35–38%
 South Africa (details) 32% 11%
 South Korea (details) 55% 46% 37% 30–52%
 South Sudan 16%
 Spain (details) 55% 47% 16% 15–24%
 Sweden (details) 76% 58% 25% 46–85%
  Switzerland (details) 58% 47% 17–27%
 Taiwan 24%
 Tanzania 2%
 Thailand 2%
 Tunisia 22%
 Turkey (details) 15% 75% 3%
 Uganda (details) 1%
 Ukraine 24% 23% 42% 20%
 United Kingdom (details) 66% 31–44%
 United States (details) 39% 35% 20% 3–9%
 Uruguay (details) 12%
 Uzbekistan 18%
 Venezuela 27%
 Vietnam 54% 65% 46% 81%

By population as of 2004[edit]

Countries with the greatest number of people without religion (including agnostics and atheists) based on the total population of each country as of 2004 and the percentage of nonreligious people according to Zuckerman:[7]

Country People without religion
 China 103,907,840 – 181,838,720
 Japan 81,493,120 – 82,766,450
 Vietnam 66,978,900
 Russia 34,507,680 – 69,015,360
 Germany 33,794,250 – 40,388,250
 France 25,982,320 – 32,628,960
 United Kingdom 18,684,010 – 26,519,240
 South Korea 14,579,400 – 25,270,960
 Ukraine 9,546,400
 United States 8,790,840 – 26,822,520
 Netherlands 6,364,020 – 7,179,920
 Canada 6,176,520 – 9,752,400
 Spain 6,042,150 – 9,667,440
 Taiwan 5,460,000
 Hong Kong 5,240,000
 Czech Republic 5,328,940 – 6,250,121
 Australia 4,779,120 – 4,978,250
 Belgium 4,346,160 – 4,449,640
 Sweden 4,133,560 – 7,638,100
 Italy 3,483,420 – 8,708,550
 North Korea 3,404,700
 Hungary 3,210,240 – 4,614,720
 Bulgaria 2,556,120 – 3,007,200
 Denmark 2,327,590 – 4,330,400
 Belarus 1,752,870
 Greece 1,703,680
 Kazakhstan 1,665,840 – 1,817,280
 Argentina 1,565,800 – 3,131,600
 Austria 1,471,500 – 2,125,500
 Finland 1,460,200 – 3,129,000
 Norway 1,418,250 – 3,294,000
  Switzerland 1,266,670 – 2,011,770
 Israel 929,850 – 2,293,630
 New Zealand 798,800 – 878,680
 Cuba 791,630
 Slovenia 703,850 – 764,180
 Estonia 657,580
 Dominican Republic 618,380
 Singapore 566,020
 Slovakia 542,400 – 1,518,720
 Lithuania 469,040
 Latvia 461,200 – 668,740
 Portugal 420,960 – 947,160
 Armenia 418,740
 Uruguay 407,880
 Kyrgyzstan 355,670
 Croatia 314,790
 Albania 283,600
 Mongolia 247,590
 Estonia 147,620
 Iceland 47,040 – 67,620
 India 2,870,000

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Based on the data of the Dentsu Communication Institute and the data of Zuckerman. Largest values taken.
  2. ^ Win Gallup International (2015). "Losing our religion? Two thirds of people still claim to be religious" (PDF). 
  3. ^ "End of Year Survey 2014: Regional & Country Results". WIN-Gallup International. Retrieved 16 November 2015. 
  4. ^ "WIN-Gallup International ‘Religiosity and Atheism Index’ reveals atheists are a small minority in the early years of 21st century". WIN-Gallup International. Retrieved 14 November 2015. 
  5. ^ "GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM – 2012" (PDF). WIN-Gallup International. 27 July 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2015. 
  6. ^ Dentsu Communication Institute 電通総研・日本リサーチセンター編「世界60カ国価値観データブック (Japanese)
  7. ^ a b Zuckerman, Phil (2006). "Atheism: Contemporary Numbers and Patterns". In Martin, Michael. The Cambridge Companion to Atheism. Cambridge University Press. pp. 47–66. ISBN 9780521842709.