List of countries by irreligion

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Irreligion, which may include deism, agnosticism, ignosticism, anti-religion, atheism, skepticism, ietsism, spiritual but not religious, freethought, anti-theism, apatheism, non-belief, pandeism, secular humanism, non-religious theism, pantheism and panentheism, varies in the countries around the world. According to reports from the Worldwide Independent Network/Gallup International Association's (WIN/GIA) four global polls: in 2005, 77% were a religious person and 4% were "convinced atheists" while in 2012, 23% were not a religious person and an additional 13% were "convinced atheists";[2] in 2015, 22% were not a religious person and an additional 11% were "convinced atheists";[3] and in 2017, 25% were not a religious person and an additional 9% were "convinced atheists".[4]

According to sociologist Phil Zuckerman, broad estimates of those who have an absence of belief in a god range from 500 to 750 million people worldwide.[5] According to sociologists Ariela Keysar and Juhem Navarro-Rivera's review of numerous global studies on atheism, there are 450 to 500 million positive atheists and agnostics worldwide (7% of the world's population), with China having the most atheists in the world (200 million convinced atheists).[6]

Methods[edit]

Each poll uses different questions and methods:-

The numbers come from different years, and might not be accurate for countries with governments that require or urge religion or secularism.

Countries and regions[edit]

The WIN-Gallup International Association (WIN/GIA) poll results below are the totals for "not a religious person" and "a convinced atheist" combined. Keysar et al. have advised caution with WIN/Gallup International figures since more extensive surveys which have used the same wording for decades and have bigger sample sizes, have consistently reached lower figures. For example, the WIN/GIA numbers from China were overestimated which in turn inflated global totals.[6]

Country or region WIN/GIA

(2017)[7]

WIN/GIA[3]
(2015)
WIN/GIA[8][9]
(2012)
Dentsu[10]
(2006)
Zuckerman[5]
 Afghanistan (details) 9% 15%
 Albania (details) 39% 8%
 Argentina 34% 20% 26% 13% 4–8%
 Armenia 6% 5% 5% 34%
 Australia (details) 63% 58% 58% 24–25%
 Austria 53% 54% 53% 12% 18–26%
 Azerbaijan (details) 64% 54% 51%
 Bangladesh (details) 19% 5%
 Belarus 48% 17%
 Belgium (details) 64% 48% 34% 35% 42–43%
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 22% 32% 29%
 Brazil (details) 17% 18% 14%
 Bulgaria (details) 39% 39% 30% 30% 34–40%
 Cameroon 17%
 Canada (details) 57% 53% 49% 26% 19–30%
 Chile 34%
 China (details) 90% 90% 77% 93% 8–14%
 Colombia 14% 17% 15%
 DR Congo 17%
 Croatia (details) 13% 7%
 Cuba 7%
 Czech Republic (details) 72% 75% 78% 64% 54–61%
 Denmark (details) 61% 52% 10% 43–80%
 Dominican Republic 7%
 Ecuador 18% 28% 29%
 Estonia (details) 60% 76% 49%
 Fiji 8% 7% 6%
 Finland (details) 55% 42% 44% 12% 28–60%
 France (details) 50% 53% 63% 43% 43–54%
 Georgia (details) 7% 13%
 Germany (details) 60% 59% 48% 25% 41–49%
 Ghana (details) 1% 2%
 Greece 22% 21% 4% 16%
 Hong Kong 63% 70% 60%
 Hungary 43% 32–46%
 Iceland (details) 49% 44% 41% 4% 16–23%
 India (details) 5% 23% 16% 7% 9.11%
 Indonesia (details) 30% 15%
 Iran (details) 20% 1%
 Iraq (details) 34% 9%
 Ireland (details) 56% 51% 54% 7%
 Israel (details) 58% 65% 15–37%
 Italy (details) 26% 24% 23% 18% 6–15%
 Japan (details) 60% 62% 62% 52% 64–65%
 Kazakhstan (details) 11–12%
 Kenya (details) 9% 11%
 Kosovo 3% 8%
 Kyrgyzstan 7%
 Latvia 52% 50% 41% 20–29%
 Lebanon (details) 28% 18% 35%
 Lithuania 40% 23% 19% 13%
 Luxembourg 30%
 Malaysia 23% 13%
 Malta 1%
 Mexico (details) 36% 28%
 Moldova 10%
 Mongolia 29% 9%
 Morocco (details) 5%
 Netherlands (details) 66% 56% 55% 39–44%
 New Zealand (details) 20–22%
 Nigeria (details) 2% 16% 5% 1%
 North Korea 15%
 North Macedonia 11% 10% 9%
 Norway (details) 62% 31–72%
 Pakistan (details) 6% 11% 10%
 Palestinian territories 35% 19% 33%
 Panama 13%
 Papua New Guinea 5% 4%
 Peru

(details)

23% 13% 11% 5%
 Philippines (details) 9% 22% 11%
 Poland (details) 10% 12% 14% 5%
 Portugal 38% 37% 11% 4–9%
 Puerto Rico 11%
 Romania (details) 9% 17% 7% 2%
 Russia (details) 30% 23% 32% 48% 24–48%
 Saudi Arabia (details) 24%
 Serbia 21% 21% 19%
 Singapore (details) 13%
 Slovakia 23% 10–28%
 Slovenia 53% 30% 35–38%
 South Africa (details) 32% 11%
 South Korea (details) 60% 55% 46% 37% 30–52%
 South Sudan 16%
 Spain (details) 57% 55% 47% 16% 15–24%
 Sweden (details) 73% 76% 58% 25% 46–85%
  Switzerland (details) 58% 47% 17–27%
 Taiwan 24%
 Tanzania 2%
 Thailand 2% 2%
 Tunisia 33%
 Turkey (details) 15% 75% 3%
 Uganda (details) 1%
 Ukraine 42% 24% 23% 42% 20%
 United Kingdom (details) 69% 66% 31–44%
 United States (details) 39% 39% 35% 20% 3–9%
 Uruguay (details) 12%
 Uzbekistan 18%
 Venezuela 2% 27%
 Vietnam 63% 54% 65% 46% 81%

By population as of 2020[edit]

Countries with the greatest number of people without religion as of 2020 according to Pew Research Center:[11]

Country Nonreligious population
 China 720,100,000
 Japan 74,780,000
 United States 62,310,000
 Vietnam 28,760,000
 South Korea 23,250,000
 Russia 21,190,000
 Germany 21,150,000
 France 20,830,000
 United Kingdom 20,070,000
 North Korea 18,070,000
 Brazil 17,620,000
 Spain 10,190,000
 Canada 8,950,000
 Czech Republic 8,280,000
 South Africa 8,220,000
 Italy 8,100,000
 Netherlands 7,550,000
 Mexico 7,240,000
 Australia 6,990,000
 Ukraine 5,370,000
 Argentina 5,320,000
 Mozambique 5,020,000
 Hong Kong 4,090,000
 Colombia 3,510,000
 Belgium 3,370,000
 Venezuela 3,220,000
 Taiwan 3,190,000
 Sweden 2,860,000
 Poland 2,780,000
 Belarus 2,690,000
 Cuba 2,600,000
 Madagascar 2,010,000
 Hungary 1,970,000
 Ireland 1,970,000
 New Zealand 1,910,000
 Chile 1,800,000
  Switzerland 1,800,000
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,450,000
 Uruguay 1,450,000
 Angola 1,270,000
 Cameroon 1,260,000
 Austria 1,250,000
 Dominican Republic 1,230,000
 Haiti 1,230,000
 Kenya 1,200,000
 Ghana 1,160,000
 Mongolia 1,160,000
 Finland 1,140,000
 Zimbabwe 1,110,000
 Peru 1,010,000
 Tanzania 1,000,000

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Religious Composition by Country, 2010-2050". Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. 2 April 2015. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  2. ^ "Global Index of Religion and Atheism" (PDF). WIN/Gallup International. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 October 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Losing our Religion? Two-Thirds of People Still Claim to be Religious" (PDF). WIN/Gallup International. WIN/Gallup International. 13 April 2015.
  4. ^ (PDF). 14 November 2017 https://web.archive.org/web/20171114113506/http://www.wingia.com/web/files/news/370/file/370.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 November 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2018. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ a b Zuckerman, Phil (2006). "Atheism: Contemporary Numbers and Patterns". In Martin, Michael (ed.). The Cambridge Companion to Atheism. Cambridge University Press. pp. 47–66. ISBN 9780521842709.
  6. ^ a b Keysar, Ariela; Navarro-Rivera, Juhem (2017). "36. A World of Atheism: Global Demographics". In Bullivant, Stephen; Ruse, Michael (eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Atheism. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0199644650.
  7. ^ (PDF). 14 November 2017 https://web.archive.org/web/20171114113506/http://www.wingia.com/web/files/news/370/file/370.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 November 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2018. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ "WIN-Gallup International 'Religiosity and Atheism Index' reveals atheists are a small minority in the early years of 21st century". WIN-Gallup International. Retrieved 14 November 2015.
  9. ^ "GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM – 2012" (PDF). WIN-Gallup International. 27 July 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2015.
  10. ^ Dentsu Communication Institute 電通総研・日本リサーチセンター編「世界60カ国価値観データブック (in Japanese)
  11. ^ "Religious Composition by Country, 2010-2050". Pew Research Center. October 2020.