Irreligion in Sweden
Sweden is one of the world's most secular and irreligious nations, partly because many Swedish people define themselves as irreligious but spiritual people. Phil Zuckerman, an Associate Professor of Sociology at Pitzer College, writes that several academic sources have in recent years placed atheism rates in Sweden between 46% and 85%, with one source reporting that only 17% of respondents self-identified as "atheist".
Sweden's official website asserts that just three out of 10 Swedes state that they have confidence in the church. The article lists the following facts about religion in Sweden:
- Only 1 in 10 Swedes thinks religion is important in daily life.
- Only 1 in 10 Swedes has trust in a religious leader.
Statistics from the Church of Sweden states that:
- Under 5 out of 10 children are christened in the church.
- Around 1 out of 3 weddings take place in church.
- Around 3 out of 4 Swedes have Christian burials.
Relatedly, the Swedish government has passed several secular reforms over the years; a legal opt-out of the previously mandatory 1.1% church tax was allowed in 1951, automatic birthright membership in the Church of Sweden - the organization's enrollment practice since the 1850s - ended in 1996, and the Church of Sweden was formally separated from the state in 2000, leaving Sweden as "the only Nordic country without a state church".
- "DOES SWEDEN DISCRIMINATE AGAINST CHRISTIANS?". Vice. Retrieved 2014-02-03.
- Phil Zuckerman. "Atheism, Secularity, and Well-Being: How the Findings of Social Science Counter Negative Stereotypes and Assumptions" (PDF). Oitzer.edu. Retrieved 2014-02-02.
- "Swedish church losing 1 million members by 2020". Local. Retrieved 2013-11-25.
- "Swedish Church members 'don't believe in Jesus'". Local. Retrieved 2013-11-25.
- "Evolutionary Psychology: Original Article/Essay" (PDF). Epjournal.net. Retrieved 2013-08-16.
- "Beliefs about God across Time and Countries" (PDF). -Norc.org. Retrieved 2013-08-16.
- "Atheism and Secularity - Google Books". Books.google.co.uk. 2009-12-21. Retrieved 2013-08-16.
- "What Alabamians and Iranians Have in Common". Gallup. Retrieved 2013-08-10.
- "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-07-04.
- "Beliefs about God across Time and Countries" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-07-04.
- "Scandinavian Nonbelievers, Which Is Not to Say Atheist". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-07-02.
- "Phil Zuckerman, Professor of Sociology - Faculty Profiles - Pitzer College". Pitzer.edu. Retrieved 2014-02-02.
- Zuckerman, Phil (2006). "Atheism—Contemporary numbers and Practices". In Michael Martin. The Cambridge Companion to Atheism. Cambridge University Press. pp. 47–50. ISBN 0-521-84270-0. Retrieved 2007-11-15.
- "Only one in ten Swedes trusts religious leaders". Thelocal.se. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
- "Svenska kyrkan i siffror". Svenska kyrkan (in Swedish).
- "Swedish Church members 'don't believe in Jesus' - The Local". Thelocal.se. Retrieved 2016-01-28.
- "Swedes End Long Union Of Church And State". The New York Times. Associated Press. 1995-12-31. Retrieved 2016-01-27.
- "Sweden 'least religious' nation in Western world". The Local. 2015-04-13. Retrieved 2016-01-27.
- Scott Sutherland (2015-08-28). "10 fundamentals of religion in Sweden". Swedish Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-27.
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