Irschenberg

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Irschenberg
Coat of arms of Irschenberg
Coat of arms
Irschenberg   is located in Germany
Irschenberg
Irschenberg
Coordinates: 47°50′N 11°55′E / 47.833°N 11.917°E / 47.833; 11.917Coordinates: 47°50′N 11°55′E / 47.833°N 11.917°E / 47.833; 11.917
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Oberbayern
District Miesbach
Government
 • Mayor Hans Schönauer
Area
 • Total 53.94 km2 (20.83 sq mi)
Elevation 731 m (2,398 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 3,206
 • Density 59/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 83737
Dialling codes 08062, 08025, 08064, 08020
Vehicle registration MB
Website www.irschenberg.de

Irschenberg is a municipality in the district of Miesbach in the German state of Bavaria, about 46 km (29 mi) southeast of Munich. It consists of numerous hamlets situated on the Irschenberg hill range.

Wilparting pilgrimage church
St. Marinus und Anian in spring

The hill is a notorious ascent of the Bundesautobahn 8 motorway running from Munich to Salzburg laid out from 1934 on. A rest area and a motel were attached in 1951.

The name was formerly rendered as "Irish mountain", referring to the monk Marinus, who settled in the area in the course of the Hiberno-Scottish mission under Pope Eugene I and, according to legend, about 697 was martyred by burning at the stake (see the coat of arms). His grave is marked by the pilgrimage church of Wilparting, visible from the motorway and a popular photo scene. Actually Irschen may stem from ursus ("bear").

Originally a part of the Bishopric of Freising, the area fell into possession of the Lords of Hohenwaldeck at Miesbach until their county was incorporated into the Bavarian Electorate in 1734.

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