Iru Power Plant
|Iru Power Plant|
Iru Power Plant
Location of the Iru Power Plant in Estonia
|Official name||Iru Elektrijaam|
|Construction began||1976 (unit 1)
2010 (unit 3)
|Commission date||1978 (unit 1)
2013 (unit 3)
|Construction cost||€105 million (unit 3)|
|Operator(s)||Iru Elektrijaam AS|
|Thermal power station|
|Primary fuel||Natural gas (units 1 and 2)
Municipal solid waste (unit 3)
|Secondary fuel||Fuel oil (units 1 and 2)|
|Units operational||1 X 80 MW
1 X 110 MW
1 X 17 MW (under construction)
|Make and model||LMZ (units 1 and 2)
TMZ (units 1 and 2)
Sibtjazmaz (units 1 and 2)
CNIM (unit 3)
|Thermal capacity||648 MW|
|Nameplate capacity||207 MW|
The first unit of power plant was commissioned in 1978. In the beginning it operated as a boiler plant. In 1980, it was converted into co-generation power plant.
The power plant has three operational units with capacities of 80 MW, 110 MW accordingly and 67 MW. The primary fuel of the units 1 and 2 is natural gas and reserve fuel is fuel oil. Total installed capacity of units 1 and 2 is 190 MW of electricity, 661.5 MWth of hot water and 162 of MWth steam. In co-generation mode the thermal capacity is 398 MW. It supplies heat to Maardu, and the Lasnamäe and central districts of Tallinn.
In 2006, Eesti Energia started preparations for construction of a waste incineration unit with capacity of 50 MW of heat and 17 MW of electricity. Construction started in 2010. It was commissioned on 16 June 2013. The unit processes up to 220,000 tonnes of mixed municipal waste per year. The unit was built and technology was provided by Constructions industrielles de la Méditerranée (CNIM). The general construction was carried out by Merko Ehitus, with the incineration grate supplied by Martin GmbH and the system for the treatment of waste gas by LAB, a subsidiary of CNIM. The unit cost about €105 million.
The director of Iru Power Plant from 2002 to 2004, Kersti Kaljulaid, the first woman to lead a power plant in Estonia, became the fifth President of Estonia in 2016, and the first woman to be President since the country declared independence in 1918.
- "Other Fossil-Fueled Plants in Estonia". Industcards. 2011-10-31. Retrieved 2012-08-20.
- "Estonian Environment authority grants Iru Power Plant integrated permit". Energija un Pasaule. 2011-10-31. Retrieved 2012-08-20.
- Roman, Steve (2012-06-01). "New Waste-Burning Plant Will 'Reduce Tallinn Heat Bills'". ERR. Retrieved 2012-08-20.
- Rikken, Kristopher (2011-06-16). "Cornerstone Laid for Revolution in Waste Handling". ERR. Retrieved 2012-08-20.
- "Eesti Energia Opens Iru Waste-to-Energy Plant". ERR. 2013-06-16. Retrieved 2014-02-16.
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