Irv Teibel recording a stream in the mid-1970s
|Birth name||Irving Solomon Teibel|
9 October 1938|
Buffalo, New York
28 October 2010 (aged 72)|
|Occupation(s)||Sound recordist, graphic designer, photographer|
Irving Solomon "Irv" Teibel (October 9, 1938 - October 28, 2010) was an American field recordist, graphic designer, and photographer. His company, Syntonic Research, Inc., is best known for its influential environments psychoacoustic recording series (1969-1979) and The Altered Nixon Speech (1973). Teibel was also an accomplished photographer who worked as an editor for Ziff Davis and photographed for Popular Photography and Car and Driver.
Biography and Work
Teibel was born in Buffalo, New York in 1938. He attended the Rochester Institute of Technology and the Art Center College of Design in Pasadena, California before serving in the army as a public information specialist in Stuttgart, Germany. During this time he became interested in electronic music and musique concrète and began experimenting with tape at a local radio station. While in Germany he also claimed to have studied briefly with Karlheinz Stockhausen."Interview with Irv Teibel" (Interview). Austin. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
Teibel returned from Europe in 1966 and settled in New York City where he worked a number of jobs including associate editor at Ziff Davis. He also took night classes in electronic music at The New School during this time and was a founding resident of the famous Westbeth Artists Community. In 1969, he worked with Tony Conrad on Conrad's film Coming Attractions which involved recording the ocean at Coney Island. After this experience, Teibel became interested in using natural white noise for psychological purposes. Working with neuropsychologist Lou Gerstman at Bell Labs, he processed a short ocean loop recorded at Brighton Beach through an IBM 360 computer to create one continuous thirty-minute soundscape. This became the first environments recording, "The Psychologically Ultimate Seashore." The record was unique for its extremely long playback times—30 minutes per side at 331⁄3 rpm—and could be played at any speed from 162⁄3 up to 45 rpm. "The Psychologically Ultimate Seashore" was one of the first commercially available releases edited with a mainframe computer and one of the earlier examples of commercial quadraphonic sound.
In 1973, to demonstrate how magnetic tape could be manipulated, Teibel edited Richard Nixon’s August 15th speech to reveal that the president, in fact, had “prior knowledge” of the Watergate break-in. In the subsequent years, Teibel performed as an expert witness for magnetic tape technology.
Over the years, Teibel's recordings attracted significant national and international attention from publications like The New York Times. Teibel claimed environments 6 was excerpted in the “Sounds of Earth” audio collage aboard the Voyager Spacecraft’s Golden Record (this is still unverified). His work also appears in Terrence Malick’s Days of Heaven, credited as "special environmental sound recording," and Errol Morris' Gates of Heaven as "environmental sound." In 2013, his work appeared in Lise Raven's film Kinderwald.
Music critic Robert Christgau described Lou Reed's Metal Machine Music as "Lou's answer to Environments" and Lester Bangs included environments 2 on his list of the "Ten Most Ridiculous Records of the Seventies." Musicians Dominick Fernow and Mica Levi have also listed environments LPs of among their favorite recordings. Outside magazine included environments 1 on their list of "The Top 10 Field Recordings." The album cover for the drone metal group Earth's album Earth 2 is an homage to the environments 2 CD with its "special low frequency version" message.
Atlas Obscura has described Teibel as "a forgotten 1970s-era hippie polymath." They go on to explain his lasting influence: "If you flip on a waterfall to fall asleep, if you keep rainymood.com in your bookmarks, if you associate well-being with the sound of streams and crickets or wonder why the beach never quite sounds as tranquil as you imagine, it's because of Teibel."
Pitchfork elaborates on the novelty of Teibel's work: "Now, Teibel’s concept—the soothing sounds of nature, or at least a synthesized facsimile of it—is quaint, the wallpaper of therapy waiting rooms and spa foyers. At the time, it was entirely new." They go on to explain the complicated place Teibel's work inhabits in the history of field recording and music: "Here was nature not as it is, but as we hope it’ll be, the lullaby of waves without the sand in our trunks."
- environments 1 (SD 66001, 1969)
- environments 2 (SD 66002, 1970)
- environments 3 (SD 66003, 1971)
- environments 4 (SD 66004, 1974)
- environments 5 (SD 66005, 1974)
- environments 6 (SD 66006, 1974)
- environments 7 (SD 66007, 1976)
- environments 8 (SD 66008, 1974)
- environments 9 (SD 66009, 1979)
- environments 10 (SD 66010, 1979)
- environments 11 (SD 66011, 1979)
- The Altered Nixon Speech (SRI 7004, 1973)
- The Erickson Tapes (SD 66100, 1974) with harpsichordist Raymond Erickson
- The Complete Compendium of Universal Knowledge by William Ralston Balch (facsimile of 1985 original, Simulacrum Press, 1973)
- "Irv Teibel Obituary". Weed-Corley-Fish Funeral Homes. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
- Walker, Gerald (March 2, 1975). "The World Is Alive With The Sound of Sounds". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
- Teibel, Irv. "Mother Nature Goes Digital". Atari Archives. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
- Hagood, Mack. "Sonic Technologies of the Self: Mediating Sound, Space, and Sociality". Mactrasound. Indiana University. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
- LeBlanc, Larry. "Page Five with Larry LeBlanc". The Record. David Farrell & Associates Inc. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
- "16 Environments". The Village Voice. January 22, 1970. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
- "New School Bulletin Fall 1972". The New School Digital Archives. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
- "Philip J. Teibel, Violinist With Philharmonic". The Buffalo News. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- "More Than Just Whale Music". BBC Radio. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
- "Syntonic Research, Inc". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- "Gates of Heaven Cast and Crew". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- Harvey, Dennis (13 February 2014). "Film Review: 'Kinderwald'". Variety. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
- Christgau, Robert. "Metal Machine Music". Retrieved 4 September 2014.
- Bangs, Lester. "The Ten Most Ridiculous Records of the Seventies". Super Seventies. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
- Fernow, Dominick. "My Favorite Record: Dominick Fernow". FACT Magazine. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
- Jones, Lucy. "Q&A: Under The Skin Of Mica Levi's Masterful Film Score". NME. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
- Cooper, Sean. "Noise From the Field: The Top 10 Field Recordings". Retrieved 18 November 2015.
- Giaimo, Cara. "The Man Who Recorded, Tamed and Then Sold Nature Sounds to America". Atlas Obscura. Retrieved 24 September 2016.
- Powell, Mike. "Natural Selection: How a New Age Hustler Sold the Sound of the World". Pitchfork. Retrieved 15 February 2017.
- Blais-Billie, Braudie. "Numero Group Launch New Ambient Sound App". Pitchfork. Retrieved 9 February 2018.