Irvinebank

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Irvinebank
Queensland
Irvinebank.JPG
Irvinebank is located in Queensland
Irvinebank
Irvinebank
Coordinates17°25′39″S 145°12′18″E / 17.4275°S 145.2050°E / -17.4275; 145.2050 (Irvinebank (town centre))
Population125 (2016 census locality)[1]
 • Density0.1689/km2 (0.4374/sq mi)
Postcode(s)4887
Elevation750 m (2,461 ft)
Area740.1 km2 (285.8 sq mi)
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10:00)
Location
LGA(s)Shire of Mareeba
State electorate(s)Hill
Federal Division(s)Kennedy
Localities around Irvinebank:
Dimbulah Mutchilba Watsonville
Petford Irvinebank Silver Valley
Munderra Mount Garnet Silver Valley

Irvinebank is a rural town and locality in the Shire of Mareeba, Queensland, Australia.[2][3] In the 2016 census the locality of Irvinebank had a population of 125 people.[1]

Geography[edit]

The Great Dividing Range forms the south-eastern and southern boundary of the locality.[4]

Irvinebank is in the western foothills of the Atherton Tablelands of Far North Queensland, 123 kilometres (76 mi) south-west of Cairns via the Bruce Highway, Gillies Range Road, State Route 25 (bypassing Atherton) and the Herberton Petford Road. From further west it can be accessed from the Burke Developmental Road at Petford.

The terrain is generally mountainous with the following named peaks:

History[edit]

Irvinebank with Wades Royal Hotel, National Bank, School of Arts and other buildings, circa 1906

First known as Gibbs Camp, the town was founded in 1884 by John Moffat, who had purchased the mining leases from the original prospectors. From 1889 he owned the Vulcan tin mine. He built a dam, a mill, smelters and other infrastructure that attracted settlers and miners to the area.[17] Moffat was born at Newmilns, Ayrshire, Scotland, which is situated on the River Irvine, and it is assumed he named the town Irvinebank in honour of his home town.[2][3] Irvinebank became a thriving town with an economy based on mining, milling and smelting.

In late 1884, Irvinebank became famous for a massacre of Aboriginal Australians and a subsequent inquiry. In October of that year a Native Police patrol led by officers William Nichols and Roland Garraway conducted a series of raids in the area during which an Aboriginal camp was fired upon. An old man, two women and a 6-year-old child were killed. Another two Aboriginal men were arrested, never to be seen again.[18] John Moffat alerted authorities and an investigation was held. Seven troopers were later charged with murder and Sub-inspector Nichols was charged with being an accessory. At a trial in Townsville the magistrate concluded there was no case against Nichols and he was discharged "amid considerable applause".[19] The troopers were remanded in custody and in October 1885 they too were discharged.[20] Nichols, however, was dismissed from the Native Police by the Queensland government and the Irvinebank massacre is regarded as a turning point away from the policy of indiscriminate killing of Indigenous people in the colony.[21]

Irvinebank Post Office opened on 1 June 1885 (a receiving office had been open from 1884).[22]

Irvinebank Provisional School opened on 27 September 1886.On 1 August 1890 it became Irvinebank State School.[23]

Montalbion State School opened circa 1888 and closed in 1906.[23]

Stannary Hills Provisional School opened on 18 January 1904. In 1907 it became Stannary Hills State School. It closed circa 1931.[23]

Rocky Bluffs Provisional School opened on 1904 and closed on 1910.[23]

Gurrumba Provisional School opened in 1907. On 1 January 1909 it became Gurrumba Provisional School. It closed circa 1916.[23]

Hale's Siding Provisional School opened on 22 February 1915 and closed in February 1922.[24]

In the ten years up to the 1911 census the population had swelled from 619 to 1264, but another 10 years saw it reduced back to only 607 and continued to fall.[25]

At the 2006 census, Irvinebank had a population of 311.[26]

Although currently and historically within the Shire of Mareeba, between 2008 and 2013 the Shire of Mareeba (and hence Invinebank) was within the Tablelands Region) until 2014 when the shire was re-instated following a vote by the residents.[27]

In the 2016 census the locality of Irvinebank had a population of 125 people.[1]

Heritage listings[edit]

Irvinebank has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Education[edit]

Irvinebank State School is a government primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at High Street (17°25′36″S 145°12′15″E / 17.4268°S 145.2041°E / -17.4268; 145.2041 (Irvinebank State School)).[35][36] In 2018, the school had an enrolment of 9 students with 2 teachers (1 full-time equivalent) and 4 non-teaching staff (1 full-time equivalent).[37]

There is no secondary school in Irvinebank. The nearest government secondary schools are Dimbulah State School (to Year 10) in neighbouring Dimbulah to the north-west and Herberton State School (to Year 10) in Herberton to the east. Catholic secondary education to Year 12 is available in Herberton, while the nearest government secondary school offering schooling to Year 12 is Atherton State High School in Atherton to the north-east; [4] Given the size of the locality, some children might live too far away to attend any of these schools; distance education and boarding schools would be other options.

Facilities[edit]

Irvinebank Post Office is at 16 O'Callaghan Street (17°25′43″S 145°12′18″E / 17.4287°S 145.2049°E / -17.4287; 145.2049 (Irvinebank Post Office)).[38]

Irvinebank Rural Fire Station is on Jessie Street in the town (17°25′45″S 145°12′19″E / 17.4292°S 145.2054°E / -17.4292; 145.2054 (Irvinebank Rural Fire Station)).[39][40]

Irvinebank Cemetery is on Cemetery Road off the Herberton Petford Road just to the south-west of the town (17°26′00″S 145°11′40″E / 17.4333°S 145.1944°E / -17.4333; 145.1944 (Irvinebank Cemetery)).[41][42]

Montalbion Pioneer Cemetery is in the former town of Montalbion along a signed dirt track off the Herberton Petford Road (17°24′18″S 145°09′14″E / 17.4051°S 145.1539°E / -17.4051; 145.1539 (Montalbion Pioneer Cemetery)). It is no longer open for burials.[41][42]

Amenities[edit]

Irvinebank School of Arts is a public hall at 2633 Herberton Petford Road (17°25′43″S 145°12′17″E / 17.4285°S 145.2047°E / -17.4285; 145.2047 (Irvinebank School of Arts)).[43] There are a number of monuments and memorials there, including:

Irvinebank Tavern is at 2656 Herberton Petford Road (17°25′40″S 145°12′10″E / 17.4278°S 145.2027°E / -17.4278; 145.2027 (Irvinebank Tavern)). It provides meals, cabin accommodation and petrol.[47][48]

Attractions[edit]

Loudoun House Museum is at 16 O'Callaghan Street in heritage-listed Loudon House (17°25′44″S 145°12′16″E / 17.4289°S 145.2045°E / -17.4289; 145.2045 (Loudon House (Museum))). The museum presents the local history of the area and has resources for family history.[49]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Irvinebank (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ a b "Irvinebank – town in Shire of Mareeba (entry 16845)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Irvinebank – locality in Shire of Mareeba (entry 48681)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Mountain peaks and capes - Queensland". Queensland Open Data. Queensland Government. 12 November 2020. Archived from the original on 25 November 2020. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  6. ^ "Billing Knob – mountain in Mareeba Shire (entry 2590)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  7. ^ "Boot Hill – mountain in Mareeba Shire (entry 3822)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  8. ^ "Elizabeth Bluffs – mountain in Mareeba Shire (entry 11491)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  9. ^ "Geebung Hill – mountain in Mareeba Shire (entry 13547)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  10. ^ "Giblets Peak – mountain in Mareeba Shire (entry 13669)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  11. ^ "Hermit Hill – mountain in Mareeba Shire (entry 15786)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  12. ^ "Iron Mountain – mountain in Mareeba Shire (entry 16791)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  13. ^ "Lead Hill – mountain in Mareeba Shire (entry 19096)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  14. ^ "Mount Babinda – mountain in Mareeba Shire (entry 1085)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  15. ^ "Mount Luxton – mountain in Mareeba Shire (entry 20279)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  16. ^ "Mount Misery – mountain in Mareeba Shire (entry 22291)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  17. ^ "Irvinebank History". Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  18. ^ "Alleged Slaughter of Aborigines". The Queenslander. XXVI (478). Queensland, Australia. 22 November 1884. p. 845. Archived from the original on 20 February 2021. Retrieved 14 February 2021 – via National Library of Australia.
  19. ^ "The Irvinebank Murders". The Queenslander. XXVII (489). Queensland, Australia. 7 February 1885. p. 227. Retrieved 14 February 2021 – via National Library of Australia.
  20. ^ "Intercolonial". The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser. XL (1323). New South Wales, Australia. 14 November 1885. p. 1035. Archived from the original on 20 February 2021. Retrieved 14 February 2021 – via National Library of Australia.
  21. ^ Loos, Noel (2017). Invasion and Resistance. Brisbane: Boolarong.
  22. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  23. ^ a b c d e Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
  24. ^ Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
  25. ^ "Irvinebank - Queensland Places".
  26. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Irvinebank (Mareeba Shire) (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 May 2011.
  27. ^ "De-amalgamation in Queensland | Local Government Commission". www.lgc.govt.nz. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  28. ^ "602850". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  29. ^ "Queensland National Bank (former) (entry 600678)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  30. ^ "Irvinebank State Treatment Works (entry 600679)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  31. ^ "Loudoun House (entry 600680)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  32. ^ "Vulcan Mine and Headframe (entry 600681)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  33. ^ "Irvinebank School of Arts Hall (entry 601619)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  34. ^ "Stannary Hills to Boonmoo and Stannary Hills to Irvinebank Tramway formations (entry 602355)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  35. ^ "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  36. ^ "Irvinebank State School". Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  37. ^ "ACARA School Profile 2018". Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  38. ^ "Irvinebank CPA". Australia Post. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  39. ^ "Emergency services facilities - Queensland". Queensland Open Data. Queensland Government. 18 November 2020. Archived from the original on 24 November 2020. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  40. ^ "Irvinebank Rural Fire Brigade". Irvinebank Rural Fire Brigade. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  41. ^ a b "Cemetery Areas - Queensland". Queensland Open Data. Queensland Government. 12 November 2020. Archived from the original on 15 November 2020. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  42. ^ a b "Cemeteries". Mareeba Shire Council. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  43. ^ "Building areas - Queensland". Queensland Open Data. Queensland Government. 17 November 2020. Archived from the original on 17 November 2020. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  44. ^ "John Moffat". Monument Australia. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  45. ^ "Allan Ferguson Waddell". Monument Australia. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  46. ^ "Irvinebank Roll of Honour". Monument Australia. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  47. ^ "Building points - Queensland". Queensland Open Data. Queensland Government. 17 November 2020. Archived from the original on 25 November 2020. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  48. ^ "The Irvinebank Tavern". www.athertontablelandnetguide.com. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  49. ^ "Loudoun House Museum". Irvinebank Heritage Town, Queensland, Australia. 16 March 2016. Retrieved 20 February 2021.

External links[edit]