Irving, Kansas

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Irving, Kansas
Ghost town
Irving stone marker, located where the post office once stood.
Irving stone marker, located where the post office once stood.
KDOT map of Marshall County (legend)
KDOT map of Marshall County (legend)
Irving, Kansas is located in Kansas
Irving, Kansas
Irving, Kansas
Location within the state of Kansas
Coordinates: 39°38′20″N 96°35′51″W / 39.63889°N 96.59750°W / 39.63889; -96.59750Coordinates: 39°38′20″N 96°35′51″W / 39.63889°N 96.59750°W / 39.63889; -96.59750
Country United States
State Kansas
County Marshall
Elevation 1,142 ft (348 m)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
FIPS code 20-14325[1]
GNIS feature ID 481910[2]

Irving was a town in Marshall County, Kansas located six miles southeast of the city of Blue Rapids along the Big Blue River. Irving was one of the many towns affected by "Big Dam Foolishness" during the construction of Tuttle Creek Lake about ten miles to the south. Although the lake would never reach the town, the Federal Government forced the residents to permanently vacate the town.

History[edit]

Irving was originally founded in 1859 by a small group from Lyons, Iowa. They named the town after author Washington Irving.[3][4] In the spring of 1860, a severe drought ruined crops and forced some farmers to lose their land. Over the summer the area was wracked with fierce winds and thunderstorms that blew down buildings, took roofs and damaged the saw mill. During the fall, some residents chose to leave and return to Iowa.[5] In 1866, the community was invaded by grasshoppers that also destroyed crops and damaged trees. The town would have another plague in 1875. Despite these hardships, in 1878, Irving was described as "being located in one of the best settled and best cultivated portions of Marshall County"[6]

On May 30, 1879, two tornadoes destroyed most of the town, leaving 19 dead and many more injured. This caused people to leave Irving but buildings were rebuilt and new businesses moved in allowing Irving to regain its prominence as a local agricultural center.

During the summer of 1903, the Big Blue River flooded and destroyed homes, crops and bridges. The river threatened to do it again in 1908 but the townspeople were prepared and were able to keep the river within its banks. In 1910 the population was estimated at 403 and boasted "good banking facilities, a weekly newspaper, telegraph and express offices, graded schools, public library, churches of all denominations, and three rural routes extend from the Irving post office."[7]

When plans for the construction of the Tuttle Creek Dam were announced, the population started to decrease and many businesses closed, including the post office.[8] The townsite was abandoned in 1960 after the dam was constructed but since the lake is miles away, Irving is still accessible. The town's road network is still visible, foundations for building can still be seen and a stone marker sits in a makeshift park along with a mailbox and notebook that visitors can write notes in.

Education[edit]

The first schoolhouse was built in 1868 but was destroyed in 1879. The stone school was replaced by a frame one the same year.

Established around 1864, the Wetmore Institute was built on a slope overlooking the town and named for A.H. Wetmore. The limestone building was partially destroyed by the 1879 tornadoes and burned down in 1880.[9]

Notable people[edit]

  • Ruth Blaney (1905–1930) - Female aviation pioneer.
  • David Browning Thomson (1927-2012) - physicist, author and nuclear arms control activist.
  • RG Thomson (1893-1994)- Kansas State Senator, Presbyterian Minister, Mayor of Irving

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 166. 
  4. ^ Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. p. 237. 
  5. ^ Ghost Towns of Kansas: A Traveler's Guide by Daniel Fitzgerald. University Press of Kansas. Lawrence, Kansas, 1988.
  6. ^ History of Kansas by A.T. Andreas. Chicago, Illinois, 1883.
  7. ^ Kansas: a cyclopedia of state history, embracing events, institutions, industries, counties, cities, towns, prominent persons, etc. edited by Frank W. Blackmar. Standard Publishing Company. Chicago, Illinois. 1912.
  8. ^ Ghost Towns of Kansas: A Traveler's Guide by Daniel Fitzgerald. University Press of Kansas. Lawrence, Kansas, 1988.
  9. ^ History of Kansas by A.T. Andreas. Chicago, Illinois, 1883.