Irving Stringham

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Irving Stringham
Irving Stringham.jpg
Born(1847-12-10)December 10, 1847
DiedOctober 5, 1909(1909-10-05) (aged 61)
NationalityAmerican
Alma materHarvard College
Johns Hopkins University
Scientific career
FieldsMathematics
InstitutionsUniversity of California at Berkeley
Doctoral advisorJames Joseph Sylvester

Washington Irving Stringham (December 10, 1847 – October 5, 1909) was a "Professor of Mathematics and Sometime Dean in the University of California"[1] born in Yorkshire, New York. Stringham was the first person to denote the natural logarithm as where is its argument. The use of in place of is commonplace in digital calculators today.

"In place of we shall henceforth use the shorter symbol , made up of the initial letters of logarithm and of natural or Napierian."[2]

Stringham graduated from Harvard College in 1877. He earned his PhD from Johns Hopkins University in 1880. His dissertation was titled Regular Figures in N-dimensional Space[3] under his advisor James Joseph Sylvester.

In 1881 he was in Schwartzbach, Saxony, when he submitted an article on finite groups found in the quaternion algebra.[4]

Stringham began his professorship in mathematics at Berkeley in 1882.[5] In 1893 in Chicago, his paper Formulary for an Introduction to Elliptic Functions was read (but not by him) at the International Mathematical Congress held in connection with the World's Columbian Exposition.[6] In 1900 he was an Invited Speaker at the ICM in Paris.[7]

Biographical[edit]

Irving married Martha Sherman Day. The couple raised a daughter, Martha Sherman Stringham, (March 5, 1891- August 7, 1967).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Charles Smith, Irving Stringham, Elementary algebra for the use of schools and colleges 2nd ed, (The Macmillan Company, New York, 1904).
  2. ^ Charles Smith, Irving Stringham, Elementary algebra for the use of schools and colleges 2nd ed, (The Macmillan Company, New York, 1904) p 437.
  3. ^ W.I. Stringham "Regular Figures in N-dimensional Space", American Journal of Mathematics Vol 3 (1880) pp 1-15.
  4. ^ I. Stringham (1881) "Determination of the finite quaternion groups", American Journal of Mathematics 4(1–4):345–57
  5. ^ "In Memoriam, Dean Stringham" University of California Chronicle Vol XII (University Press, Berkeley, 1909) pp 1–20.
  6. ^ "Formulary for an Introduction to Elliptic Functions by Irving Stringham". Mathematical papers read at the International Mathematical Congress held in connection with the World's Columbian Exposition. NY: Macmillan as publisher for the AMS. 1896. pp. 350–366.
  7. ^ "Orthogonal transformations in elliptic, or in hyperbolic, space by Irving Stringham". Compte rendu du deuxième Congrès international des mathématiciens tenu à Paris du 6 au 12 Aout 1900. Tome 2. 1902. pp. 327–338.

External links[edit]