Irwin (mango)

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Mangifera 'Irwin'
Mango Irwin Asit fs8.jpg
Mature Irwin mangoes
GenusMangifera
SpeciesMangifera indica
Cultivar'Irwin'
OriginFlorida, USA

The 'Irwin' mango is a commercial mango cultivar which was developed in South Florida.

History[edit]

The original Irwin tree was a seedling of the Lippens cultivar that was open-cross pollinated with Haden,[1] planted on the property of F.D. Irwin in Miami, Florida in 1939.[2] The tree first bore fruit in 1945 and was named and described in 1949.[3] The fruit gained commercial acceptance due to its good production, flavor, relative disease resistance, and attractive color. 'Irwin' has also been sold as a nursery stock tree for home growing in Florida.[citation needed]

Today, Irwin is grown on some commercial scale in a number of countries, including South Korea Jeju Island, Japan, Taiwan, and Australia, where it was introduced in the 1970s.[4]

The Irwin mango was first grown in Taiwan in 1962 by Cheng Han-chih (鄭罕池) in Douliuzai Village, Yujing District, Tainan. In 1973 the government designated Douliuzai Village as a mango special agricultural zone. By the 1970s the residents of Douliuzai Village where known for their wealth due to mango cultivation. Cheng Han-chih is considered to be the godfather of Taiwan's lucrative modern mango industry. Irwin mangos have been the most popular mango in the Taiwanese market for fifty years.[5]

Irwin trees are planted in the collections of the USDA's germplasm repository in Miami,[6] the University of Florida's Tropical Research and Education Center in Homestead, Florida,[7] and the Miami-Dade Fruit and Spice Park,[8] also in Homestead.[citation needed]

Description[edit]

Irwin fruit is of ovate shape, with a rounded base and a pointed apex, lacking a beak. The smooth skin develops an eye-catching dark red blush at maturity. The flesh is yellow and has a mild but sweet flavor and a pleasant aroma.[9] It is fiberless and contains a monoembryonic seed. The fruit typically mature from June to July in Florida[10] and is often born in clusters.[citation needed]

The trees are moderately vigorous growers capable of exceeding 20 feet in height if left unpruned, developing open canopies.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-26. Retrieved 2009-05-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/Morton/Mango_arS.html#Varieties
  3. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-26. Retrieved 2010-04-07.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-07-26. Retrieved 2010-05-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ Cheung, Han. "Taiwan in Time: The godfather of Taiwan's mangoes". www.taipeitimes.com. Taipei Times. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  6. ^ http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/acc/display.pl?1207222 USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
  7. ^ http://trec.ifas.ufl.edu/crane/pdfs/TREC-Fruit-Collections.pdf Archived 2018-04-08 at the Wayback Machine Page 3, #48
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-07-11. Retrieved 2010-11-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ Campbell, Richard J. (1992). A Guide to Mangos in Florida. Fairchild Tropical Garden. p. 81. ISBN 0-9632264-0-1.
  10. ^ http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/mg216 Table 1

See also[edit]