Is Paris Burning? (film)
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|Is Paris Burning?|
|Directed by||René Clément|
|Produced by||Paul Graetz|
|Written by||Gore Vidal|
Francis Ford Coppola
|Music by||Maurice Jarre|
|Edited by||Robert Lawrence|
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
|Box office||$37.1 million|
Is Paris Burning? (French: Paris brûle-t-il ?) is a 1966 French-American epic historical war film directed by René Clément, starring an ensemble cast, about the liberation of Paris in August 1944 by the French Resistance and the Free French Forces during World War II. The script was based on the book of the same title by Larry Collins and Dominique Lapierre.
Shortly after the failed 1944 20 July plot to assassinate him, Adolf Hitler (Billy Frick), appoints General Dietrich von Choltitz (Gert Fröbe) as military governor of occupied Paris. Hitler believes Choltitz will obey his order that the Allies should not be allowed to capture Paris without the Germans destroying it completely, similar to the planned destruction of Warsaw.
The French Resistance learn that the Allies are not planning to take Paris, but are heading straight to Germany instead. The two factions within the Resistance react to this news differently. The Gaullists under Jacques Chaban-Delmas (Alain Delon) want to wait and see, while the Communists under Colonel Rol-Tanguy (Bruno Cremer) want to take action. The Communists force the issue by calling for a general uprising by the citizens of Paris and by occupying important government buildings. The Gaullists go along with this plan of action once it is set in motion.
Initially, Choltitz is intent on following Hitler's order to level the city. After his troops fail to dislodge the Resistance from the Prefecture of Police, he orders the Luftwaffe to bomb the building but withdraws the order at the urging of the Swedish Consul, Raoul Nordling (Orson Welles), who points out that bombs that miss the Prefecture risk destroying nearby culturally invaluable buildings such as the Notre Dame Cathedral. Choltitz accepts a truce offer from the Resistance (conceived by the Gaullist faction), but the Communists want to keep on fighting, in spite of a lack of ammunition. The truce is, therefore, shortened to one day and the fighting resumes.
After learning that the Germans plan to destroy Paris (the Eiffel Tower and other landmarks are rigged with explosives), a messenger from the Resistance is sent across enemy lines to contact the Americans. He informs the Allies that the Resistance has already taken control of parts of the city and implores them to provide support to prevent the uprising being crushed as was then happening in Warsaw. He adds that France would never forgive the destruction of Paris. Afterwards General Omar Bradley (Glenn Ford) gives the 2nd Armored Division under General Philippe Leclerc (Claude Rich) the go-ahead to rush on Paris.
As the military situation deteriorates, Choltitz delays the order to destroy Paris, believing that Hitler is insane and that the war is lost, making the destruction of Paris a futile gesture. He chooses instead to surrender shortly after the Allies enter the city.
As the Free French Forces and De Gaulle parade down the streets of Paris, greeted by cheering crowds, a phone receiver off the hook is seen with a voice in German repeatedly asking "Is Paris burning?" From the air, Paris is seen, its buildings still intact and standing.
- Jean-Paul Belmondo as Morandat/Pierrelot
- Alain Delon as Jacques Chaban-Delmas
- Charles Boyer as Monod
- Gert Fröbe as Gen. Dietrich von Choltitz
- Leslie Caron as Françoise Labe
- George Chakiris as G.I. in tank
- Jean-Pierre Cassel as Lt. Henri Karcher
- Anthony Perkins as Sgt. Warren
- Kirk Douglas as Gen. George Patton
- Simone Signoret as Cafe proprietress
- Orson Welles as Consul Raoul Nordling
- Glenn Ford as Gen. Omar Bradley
- Yves Montand as Marcel Bizien
- Robert Stack as Gen. Edwin Sibert
- Marie Versini as Claire Morandat
- Skip Ward as GI with Warren
- Bruno Cremer as Col. Henri Rol-Tanguy
- Claude Dauphin as Colonel Lebel
- Pierre Dux as Parodi/Cerat
- Daniel Gélin as Yves Bayet
- Michel Piccoli as Edgard Pisani
- Sacha Pitoëff as Frédéric Joliot-Curie
- Claude Rich as Gen. Philippe Leclerc
- Jean-Louis Trintignant as Capt. Serge
- Pierre Vaneck as Maj. Gallois
- Ernst Fritz Fürbringer as von Boineburg
- Jean-Pierre Zola as Cpl. Mayer
- Pascal Fardoulis as Gilet
- Joe Warfield as Major with Chaban-Delmas
- Henia Suchar as Prefecture switchboard operator
- Clara Gansard as Wife of Col. Rol-Tanguy
- Joelle Latour as Young girl with Warren
- Michel Puterflam as Laffont
- Felix Marten as Landrieu
- Roger Lumont as "Jade Amicol"
- Jean-Pierre Honore as Alain Perpezat
- Karl-Otto Alberty as SS officer, Bayeux Tapestry thief
- Aime DeMarch as Roland Pre
- Hubert DeLapparent as Huissier Matignon
- Pierre Mirat as Cafe proprietor
- Jean Négroni as Villon
- Peter Neusser as SS officer, Bayeux Tapestry thief
- Konrad Georg as Generalfeldmarschall Walter Model
- Claus Holm as Huhm
- Joachim Hansen as Commandant, Fresnes prison
- Georges Géret as Cmdr. George
- Billy Frick as Adolf Hitler
- Hannes Messemer as Gen. Alfred Jodl
- Harry Meyen as Lieutenant von Arnim
- Peter Jacob as Gen. Burgdorf
- Billy Kearns as Patton aide
- Michael Lonsdale as Jacques Debu-Bridel
- Pierre Collet as Resistance policeman
- Georges Claisse as Intern with Monod
- Bernard Fresson as Liaison agent
- Michel Etcheverry as Prefet Luizet
- Paul Crauchet as the Curé
- Suzy Delair as a Parisienne
- Jean Valmont as French Forces of the Interior bazookaman
- Serge Rousseau as Col. Fabien
- Albert Rémy as the Gendarme
- Wolfgang Preiss as Capt. Ebernach
- Georges Staquet as Capt. Dronne
- Jean-Michel Rouziere as Gentleman with the dog
- Helmuth Schneider as German metro Adjutant
- Maria Machado as Stella
- Günter Meisner as SS Commandant Pantin
- E.G. Marshall as Intelligence Officer Powell
- Georges Poujouly as Landrieux
- Del Negro as Officer with Chaban-Delmas
Is Paris Burning? stars Kirk Douglas, Glenn Ford, Gert Fröbe, Orson Welles, Anthony Perkins, Robert Stack, Charles Boyer, Yves Montand, Leslie Caron, Jean-Paul Belmondo, Simone Signoret and Alain Delon. The production was filmed in 180 sites. Claude Rich plays two parts: General Leclerc, with a moustache, and Lt Pierre de la Fouchardière, without a moustache. He is credited at the end only with the part of Leclerc. His role as the young lieutenant is not by chance: Claude Rich, as a teenager, was watching soldiers in the street when the real-life Pierre de la Fouchardière called him into a building to protect him.
The film is almost entirely in black and white, presumably to better blend the documentary stock footage that is included in the film. The film was shot in black and white mainly because, although the French authorities would allow Nazi swastika flags to be displayed on public buildings for key shots, they would not permit those flags to be in their original red color; as a result, green swastika flags were used, which photographed adequately in black and white but would have been entirely the wrong color. However, the closing credits feature aerial shots of Paris in color. The entire film was shot on location in Paris.
As the film had a predominately French cast, all sequences featuring French and German actors were filmed in their native French and German languages respectively, which was then dubbed into English, while all the sequences with the American actors (including Orson Welles) were filmed in English.
Awards and honors
- Best Art Direction (Willy Holt, Marc Frédérix, and Pierre Guffroy)
- Best Cinematography (Marcel Grignon)
In popular culture
- JP. "Paris brûle-t-il ? (1966)- JPBox-Office". www.jpbox-office.com.
- Paris Officialdom Burning Over Rash of War Pictures Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 10 Oct 1965: b3.
- Box office information for Alain Delon films at Box Office Story
- "French Box Office 1966". Box Office Story.
- "NY Times: Is Paris Burning?". New York Times. Retrieved 26 December 2008.
- "Doug Gilford's Mad Cover Site - Mad #113". madcoversite.com.