|İsa Yunis oğlu Qəmbər|
Gambar in 2013
|President of Azerbaijan
May 19, 1992 – June 16, 1992
|Preceded by||Ayaz Mutallibov|
|Succeeded by||Abulfaz Elchibey|
|Speaker of the National Assembly of Azerbaijan|
May 18, 1992 – June 13, 1993
|Preceded by||Yagub Mammadov|
|Succeeded by||Heydar Aliyev|
February 24, 1957 |
Baku, Azerbaijan SSR, Soviet Union
Isa Yunis oglu Qambar (Azerbaijani: İsa Yunis oğlu Qəmbər), also known as Isa Gambar or Isa Qambar (born February 24, 1957), is a prominent Azerbaijani politician and leader of the Equality Party (Müsavat), the largest opposition block in Azerbaijan.
|1974||Finished Baku High School No. 62|
|1979||Graduated from the Faculty of History, Baku State University (BSU)|
|1979–1982||Worked at the Nakhichevan Research Center|
|1982–1990||Azerbaijan's Academy of Sciences Researched at the Institute of Oriental Studies|
|1989–1991||Academy of Sciences and one of the founders and leaders of the Popular Front of Azerbaijan (PFA)|
|1990–1991||Deputy Chairman of PFA|
|1990||Member of Parliament (MP)|
|1991–1992||Chairman of the Parliamentary Commission on Foreign Relations.|
|1992||Elected Baskan (Chairman) by the Congress of Restoration Committee of Musavat.|
|May 1992||Elected Parliamentary Speaker|
|June 16, 1992||Acting President of the Azerbaijan Republic. Prepared the country for democratic election|
|June 13, 1993||Resigned after overthrow of democratically elected president of Azerbaijan|
|July 16, 1993||Arrested by the rebel forces that seized the power led by Heydar Aliyev|
|1999, 2001–2003||Co-Founder and Chairman of the Democratic Congress that included Azerbaijan's leading political parties|
|2000||Awarded the prize "A Friend of Journalists"|
|2003||Single presidential candidate for the opposition electoral bloc “Bizim Azərbaycan” (“Our Azerbaijan”) that associated more than 30 parties.|
İsa Qambar is married and has two sons. His wife, Aida Bağırova, is a Doctor of History, a Professor at Baku State University.
Human Rights Watch commented on the 2003 elections:
Human Rights Watch research found that the government had heavily intervened in the elections campaign in favour of Prime Minister İlham Aliyev, son of the current President Heydar Aliyev. The government had stacked the Central Election Commission and local election commission with its supporters, and banned local non-governmental organizations from monitoring the vote. As the elections drew nearer, government officials have openly sided with the campaign of İlham Aliyev, constantly obstructing opposition rallies and attempting to limit public participation in opposition events. In some cases, local officials have closed all the roads into town during opposition rallies, or have extended working and school hours, in one case, even declaring a Sunday work day, to prevent participation in opposition rallies. (source: https://www.hrw.org/backgrounder/eca/azerbaijan/index.htm)
In his role as leader of Müsavat, Gambar has played a major part in spring 2011 demonstrations inspired by other protests throughout the Middle East. He and his party have organized protests, occasionally joining with fellow opposition groups like the Popular Front Party to rally in Baku despite a government ban and the steadfast efforts of security forces to disperse gatherings and arrest activists. "There is a criminal, authoritarian and corrupt regime in Azerbaijan, and the people of Azerbaijan no longer want to live under these conditions," Gambar told The New York Times. In early April, Ilkin Gambar, the opposition leader's son currently serving in the Azerbaijani Army, claimed on his Facebook page that he was being sent to the front lines in Azerbaijan's standoff with Armenia and that his father had been "warned" that this could be a result of his continuing involvement in protests. For his part, Isa Gambar said, "The Ministry of Defence has a right to place soldiers in any location at its disposal. So I don't want to politicize this issue."
- President of Azerbaijan
- Politics of Azerbaijan
- National Assembly of Azerbaijan
- Foreign relations of Azerbaijan
- List of political parties in Azerbaijan
- Schwirtz, Michael (4 April 2011). "Opposition in Azerbaijan Vows to Step Up Protests". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
- Najafli, Leyla (4 April 2011). "Ilkin Gambar sent to the front line – in connection to protests?". WhatWasWritten. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
- Forrest, Brett (Nov. 28, 2005). "Over A Barrel in Baku". Fortune, pp. 54–60.
- The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe's final report (source: HTML format or PDF format))
- İsa Qəmbər personal web-site with additional information about recent events
- Opposition Leader in the Interview to AIA: "Iran tries to influence the situation in Azerbaijan"
- The Azerbaijani Elections: İsa Qəmbər — Leader of the Largest Opposition Bloc
|President of Azerbaijan
May 19, 1992–June 16, 1992