Isaac C. Kidd
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Isaac Campbell Kidd
|Born||March 26, 1884|
|Died||December 7, 1941 (aged 57)|
Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii
Hull of USS Arizona
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1906–1941|
|Commands held||USS Vega (AK-17)|
Port of Cristóbal, Panama Canal Zone
Officer Detail Section, Bureau of Navigation
Destroyer Squadron 1
USS Arizona (BB-39)
Battleship Division 1
|Battles/wars||World War I|
World War II
|Awards|| Medal of Honor|
Isaac Campbell Kidd (March 26, 1884 – December 7, 1941) was an American Rear Admiral in the United States Navy. He was the father of Admiral Isaac C. Kidd, Jr. Kidd was killed on the bridge of USS Arizona during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. The highest ranking casualty at Pearl Harbor, he became the first U.S. Navy flag officer killed in action in World War II as well as the first killed in action against any foreign enemy.
He was a posthumous recipient of his nation's highest military honor—the Medal of Honor. A Fletcher-class destroyer, Kidd (DD-661), was commissioned in his honor on April 23, 1943. The second ship named after him, Kidd (DDG-993), lead ship of four Kidd-class destroyers, was commissioned on March 27, 1981. An Arleigh Burke-class guided missile destroyer, Kidd (DDG-100), was the third ship named after him and was commissioned on June 9, 2007.
Early years and military service
Kidd was born in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1884. He entered the U.S. Naval Academy in 1902, graduating with the Class of 1906 in February of that year. He was commissioned an ensign in 1908. Kidd participated in the 1907–1909 Great White Fleet cruise around the world while serving on the battleship New Jersey. Following service on the battleship North Dakota and armored cruiser Pennsylvania, Kidd became the Aide and Flag Secretary to the Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet, the first of his many flagstaff assignments. He was an instructor at the U.S. Naval Academy in 1916–1917.
During and after World War I, Kidd was stationed on New Mexico, and then he had further staff and Naval Academy service. He was the executive officer of the battleship Utah in 1925–1926, then commanded the Navy transport Vega until becoming the Captain of the Port at Cristóbal, Panama Canal Zone from 1927 to 1930. Promoted to the rank of captain, he was the Chief of Staff to the Commander, Base Force, United States Fleet in 1930–1932. After three years at the Bureau of Navigation in Washington, D.C., he was the Commander of Destroyer Squadron One, Scouting Force, in 1935–1936, stationed in Long Beach, California. The Kidd family resided in a downtown Long Beach apartment building.
During the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, Rear Admiral Kidd was the Commander of Battleship Division One and the Chief of Staff and Aide to the Commander, Battleship Battle Force. At his first knowledge of the attack, he rushed to the bridge of USS Arizona, his flagship, and "courageously discharged his duties as Senior Officer Present Afloat until Arizona blew up from a magazine explosion and a direct bomb hit on the bridge which resulted in the loss of his life."
Kidd's body was never recovered and to this day he is considered missing in action. U.S. Navy salvage divers located his Naval Academy ring fused to a bulkhead on Arizona's bridge. A trunk containing his personal memorabilia was found in the wreck and sent to his widow. Rediscovered in the attic by his children, both the trunk and its contents are now displayed in the museum at the USS Arizona Memorial.
Awards and decorations
Admiral Kidd posthumously received the Medal of Honor and the Purple Heart. His other awards include the Army of Cuban Pacification Medal, Mexican Service Medal, World War I Victory Medal with Atlantic Fleet Clasp, American Defense Service Medal with Fleet Clasp, Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with one bronze battle star for Pearl Harbor (posthumous), and the World War II Victory Medal (posthumous).
Medal of Honor citation
For conspicuous devotion to duty, extraordinary courage, and complete disregard of his own life, during the attack on the Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, by Japanese Forces on December 7, 1941. He immediately went to the bridge and as Commander Battleship Division ONE, courageously discharged his duties as Senior Officer Present Afloat until the USS Arizona, his Flagship, blew up from magazine explosions and a direct bomb hit on the bridge, which resulted in the loss of his life.
Namesake and relations
- Three U.S. Navy destroyers have been named in Admiral Kidd's honor. See USS Kidd.
- Kidd's son Admiral Isaac C. Kidd, Jr., served in the US Navy from December 19, 1941 to 1978, eventually serving as Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. Atlantic Fleet.
- Kidd's grandson is the Navy Captain Isaac C. Kidd III.
- Camp Kidd
- Admiral Kidd Park in West Long Beach, California, dedicated to Kidd by the Long Beach City Council on March 25, 1942
- ^ "U.S. Navy: Welcome Aboard". www.navy.mil. Archived from the original on 4 January 1997. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
- ^ Archbold, Rich (29 April 2016). "Long Beach remembers Pearl Harbor and its heroes: Rich Archbold". Press Telegram.
- ^ "USS Kidd DDG 100 - Named for Rear Admiral Isaac C. Kidd". United States Navy. Archived from the original on 5 November 2017. Retrieved 14 November 2016.
- ^ Keller, John. "A Naval Academy class ring gives mute testimony to disaster at Pearl Harbor 70 years ago today". militaryaerospace.com. Archived from the original on 10 May 2017. Retrieved 14 November 2016.
- ^ "Rear Admiral Isaac Campbell Kidd, Sr.(1884–1941)". Archived from the original on 2010-11-29. Retrieved 2016-12-14.
- ^ "Admiral Kidd Park". www.longbeach.gov.
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Naval History and Heritage Command.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.
- "Isaac C. Kidd, Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, Naval Historical Center, Department of the Navy". Archived from the original on December 6, 2010. Retrieved September 29, 2010.
- "USS Isaac C. Kidd, "Named for Rear Admiral Isaac C. Kidd", U.S. Navy Hosting". Archived from the original on November 5, 2017. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
- 1884 births
- 1941 deaths
- United States Navy personnel killed in World War II
- Deaths by Japanese airstrikes during the attack on Pearl Harbor
- United States Navy Medal of Honor recipients
- Military personnel from Cleveland
- United States Naval Academy alumni
- United States Navy rear admirals (upper half)
- United States Navy World War II admirals
- Deaths by airstrike during World War II
- World War II recipients of the Medal of Honor
- United States Navy personnel of World War I
- Missing in action of World War II
- Captains who went down with the ship