Isaac Humala

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Isaac Humala Núñez (born 1931) is a labour lawyer from Ayacucho and the ideological leader of the Movimiento Etnocacerista, a group of ethnic nationalists in Peru. He is a former communist leader who served as the model for a colourful character in Peruvian novelist Mario Vargas Llosa's novel "Conversation in the Cathedral."[citation needed] He was Vargas Llosa's teacher of Marxism-Leninism when the writer became a member of a university[which?] communist cell.

Personal life[edit]

Isaac Humala Núñez, who is of Andean origin and speaks Quechua,[1] is the father of Ollanta Humala, a former president of Peru. His wife Elena Tasso Heredia is from an old Italian family that established itself in Peru at the end of the 19th century. One of his other sons, Antauro Humala, a former army major, ran a rebellion against the government's policies in the Andean city of Andahuaylas in December 2004, in which a police station was seized and some people were killed. His eldest son, Ulises Humala, also ran for president in 2006, and currently occupies a full-time position as a Professor at the National University of Engineering in Peru.

Humala is a self-proclaimed subversive: "a patriot has to be...Christ was and so are we", he declared in an interview.[1]

Beliefs[edit]

Humala's Instituto de Estudios Etnogeopolíticos (IEE) is the brain trust of the Movimiento Etnocacerista, which he founded in 1989.[1] He has been an active member of the Communist Party of Peru – Red Fatherland.

According to Humala: "the human species had four races, of which one is practically separate, the white one that dominates the world, the yellow has two powers, China and Japan, and the Black, although without the same weight as the others, at least dominates its own continent. On the other hand, ours does not govern anywhere."[2]

Ethnocarcerism[edit]

Likewise, he founded the Peruvian Nationalist Movement (MNP) - a political group that assumes the postulates of "ethnocacerism" -, according to an agreement taken in Alto de la Alianza, Tacna, on October 29, 2003 (third anniversary of the uprising of his sons against the Fujimori government), setting the primary objective of gaining electoral power but without ruling out the possibility of using the armed means. Its symbol is "El sembrador" by the indigenous painter José Sabogal.[3]

2006 Peruvian general election[edit]

Vargas Llosa published an editorial on January 15, 2006 attacking Issac Humala's beliefs.[4] Humala has said that his movement advocates more political sovereignty for Peru's indigenous members as they suffer more than the descendants of Europeans, who he believes hold too much influence in Peru and throughout the Andes.[5]

During the 2006 Peruvian general election, Humala, father of candidates Ollanta and Ulises, said that he would free Shining Path and MRTA leaders Abimael Guzmán and Víctor Polay, since he considers that terrorist movements no longer represent a threat to Peruvian society. This came after a letter was signed by several public figures, including Ulises and fellow candidates Javier Diez Canseco and Alberto Moreno, demanding a fair trial for Polay. Most candidates rushed to condemn Isaac Humala's comments—including both Humala's candidate sons.[6]

2020 Peruvian snap parliamentary elections[edit]

In November 2019, at the age of 88, he announced his candidacy for the Congress of the Republic for the Free Peru party for the extraordinary elections of 2020. However, a month later his candidacy was excluded from the National Jury of Elections after having omitted information about his personal property on the resume he submitted.[7][8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Michael Rudu (May 4, 2005). "Andean Storm Troopers". Foreign Policy Research Institute. Archived from the original on December 10, 2008. Retrieved November 27, 2008.
  2. ^ Aznarez, Carlos. "El patriarca de los Humala". Peru.com (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2011-04-08.
  3. ^ "Los hermanos Humala y el «etnocacerismo» en el Perú [Agencia IPI]". 2007-12-13. Archived from the original on 2007-12-13. Retrieved 2021-05-31.
  4. ^ Vargas Llosa, Mario (January 15, 2006). "Raza, botas y nacionalismo". La Razón (La Paz) (in Spanish). Archived from the original on January 17, 2006.
  5. ^ Reel, Monte (June 3, 2006). "Race Is Wild Card in Peru Runoff". The Washington Post. p. A08.
  6. ^ "Padre de Ollanta Humala pide amnistía para jefes guerrilleros". El Universal (in Spanish). March 17, 2006.
  7. ^ PERÚ, Empresa Peruana de Servicios Editoriales S. A. EDITORA. "Elecciones 2020: JNE confirma exclusión de Isaac Humala". andina.pe (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-05-26.
  8. ^ "Elecciones 2020: JNE confirmó exclusión de Isaac Humala". rpp.pe (in Spanish). 24 December 2019. Retrieved 2021-05-26.