Isaac K. Funk
Isaac Kaufmann Funk (September 10, 1839 – April 4, 1912) was an American Lutheran minister, editor, lexicographer, publisher, and spelling reformer. He was the co-founder of Funk & Wagnalls Company, the father of author Wilfred J. Funk, and the grandfather of author Peter Funk. Wilfred Funk founded his own publishing company "Wilfred Funk, Inc.", and wrote the "Word Power" feature in Reader's Digest from 1945. The feature was carried on by Peter Funk from 1962-1998. Funk & Wagnalls Company published The Literary Digest, The Standard Dictionary of the English Language, and Funk & Wagnalls Standard Encyclopedia,
Funk was born in 1839 in the village of Clifton, Ohio. In 1842, he moved to Springfield, Ohio, where his father John managed the Pennsylvania House. Years later, he attended Wittenberg College (now Wittenberg University) and Wittenberg Theological Seminary, both in Springfield. Upon his graduation in 1860, he was ordained as a Lutheran pastor, and served pastorates in New York, Indiana, and his home state of Ohio; his last pastorate was at Saint Matthews English Lutheran Church in Brooklyn, New York, where he stayed seven years. Funk married Eliza Thompson in 1864. After her death, Funk married her sister, Helen G. Thompson. Funk had two children, Wilfred J. Funk and Lida Scott. In 1872, Funk resigned from the ministry and made an extensive tour through Europe, northern Africa, and Asia Minor.
Funk was a prohibitionist and also interested himself in psychical research in his later years. He founded the Voice in 1880, an organ of the Prohibition Party, and he was the Prohibition candidate for mayor of New York.
In 1875 he founded the publishing firm of I.K. Funk & Company, with the help of a Wittenberg classmate, Adam Willis Wagnalls, a lawyer and accountant. That year he founded and published the Metropolitan Pulpit (later its name was changed to Homiletic Review). Missionary Review also numbered among the many religious publications he founded after 1876. In 1890 the name of his company was changed to Funk & Wagnalls Company, to more accurately reflect Wagnalls' partnership. In that same year, Funk published The Literary Digest, a departure from the religious works earlier in his career.
Perhaps Funk's most important achievement was his Standard Dictionary of the English Language, the first volume of which was published in 1893. He worked with a team of more than 740 people. His aim was to provide essential information thoroughly and simply at the same time. In order to achieve this he placed current meanings first, archaic meanings second, and etymologies last. The dictionary was said to have cost Funk & Wagnalls over $960,000.
Magician Joseph Rinn has noted that Funk was easily duped by fraudulent mediums, such as the Bangs Sisters. Funk had bought several of their 'spirit' pictures, unware they were produced fraudulently. He also defended Anna Eva Fay and May S. Pepper, two mediums that were also exposed.
- The Complete Preacher, Sermons Preached By Some of the Most Prominent Clergymen (The Religious Newspaper Agency, New York . 1878)
- Great Advance: Address by Dr. I.K. Funk, as Chairman of the New York Prohibition State Convention. Saratoga, September 12, 1895 (The Voice. 1895)
- Next Step in Evolution the Present Step (1902)
- The Widow's Mite and Other Psychic Phenomena (Funk & Wagnalls Co. 1904)
- The Psychic Riddle (Funk & Wagnalls Co. 1907)
- Standard Encyclopedia of the World's Knowledge (Funk and Wagnalls Co. 1912)
- "Isaac Kauffman Funk". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 16 November 2013.
- Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Funk, Isaac Kauffman". Encyclopedia Americana.
- Owen, Lorrie K., ed. Dictionary of Ohio Historic Places. Vol. 1. St. Clair Shores: Somerset, 1999, 133.
- Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Funk, Isaac Kauffman". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
- Johnson, William E. (April 13, 1912). "Sept. 30, 1839--Isaac Kaufman Funk--April 4, 1912". American Advance. p. 2. Retrieved 16 February 2014.
- Reynolds, Francis J., ed. (1921). "Funk, Isaac Kauffman". Collier's New Encyclopedia. New York: P.F. Collier & Son Company.
- Funk & Wagnalls New Encyclopedia. 1996.
- Wagnalls Memorial Library (Country Living/January 2009)
- Funk & Wagnalls 1877 (Index of Publishing Houses)
- "Rev. Isaac K. Funk, D.D., LL.D.". The Pennsylvania-German. VIII (I): 29. January 1907. Retrieved 15 February 2014.
- Rinn, Joseph. (1950). Searchlight on Psychical Research. Rider and Company. pp. 150-171