Isaac Nicola Romero (1916 in Havana, Cuba – 1997) was a prominent Cuban guitarist and one of the founders of the modern Cuban Guitar School.
Isaac Nicola began studying guitar with his mother, Clara Romero, at the Havana Municipal Conservatory. After graduating in 1934, he studied harmony and music history at Conservatorio Bach.
In 1939 Isaac Nicola continued his training in Paris with Emilio Pujol, a disciple of Francisco Tárrega. He also studied the vihuela with Pujol and researched about the guitar’s history and literature.
Work as performer
In 1940 Nicola returns to Cuba and travels again to New York. There he continues a long lasting relationship with Cuban guitarist José Rey de La Torre, with whom he gave a concert in Havana, in 1947. After returning to Cuba, Nicola engages on a period of performing activity which concludes in 1957, with a concert where he premiered the famous Danza Característica by Leo Brouwer.
Work as professor
In 1942 Nicola began teaching in Pro-Arte Musical in substitution of his mother Clara Romero. In 1948 he occupies a position as auxiliary professor at the Conservatorio Municipal de La Habana, until 1951, when he is appointed as titular professor.
From then on, he devoted himself entirely to teaching, assisted by other dedicated collaborators, such as professors Marta Cuervo, Clara (Cuqui) Nicola (his own sister) and Marianela Bonet. At that time, Nicola proceeded to restructure his mother’s method and also added much of his own. He established the basis for a comprehensive guitar didactical system that, including the contribution of many other guitarists, professors and composers, was going to be applied to the academic formation of several generations of Cuban guitarists. Isaac Nicola was professor of numerous renowned Cuban guitar performers and professors such as Leo Brouwer, Jesús Ortega, Marta Cuervo, Clara Nicola, Carlos Molina, Flores Chaviano and Efraín Amador Piñero, among many others.
In 1982, Nicola was one of the founders of the International Guitar Festival in Havana, in which he served permanently as juror.
Awards and recognitions
- Premio Nacional de Enseñanza Artística (1997) (National Award of Artistic Teaching)
- Premio Nacional de Música (1997) ( National Award of Music)
- "Félix Varela" Order (1981)
- Giro, Radamés. Leo Brouwer y la guitarra en Cuba. Editorial Letras cubanas. La Habana, Cuba, 1986, p. 55
- Ramírez, Marta María. Cuba: The Cuban Guitar School. SEMlac reports 7. http://www.redsemlac.net/reports/SEMlac/Reports07.htm.
- Gramatges, Harold. Presencia de la Revolución en la música cubana. Editorial Letras cubanas. 1983. P. 79.
- Ecured. Isaac Nicola. http://www.ecured.cu/index.php/Isaac_Nicola