Isaac Roosevelt (politician)

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Isaac Roosevelt
Isaac Roosevelt.jpg
Member of the
New York State Senate
In office
July 1, 1788 – June 30, 1792
In office
September 9, 1777 – June 30, 1786
2nd President of the
Bank of New York
In office
1786–1791
Preceded by Alexander Hamilton
Succeeded by Gulian Verplanck
Personal details
Born (1726-12-19)December 19, 1726
New York City, New York
Died October 1794 (aged 67)
Nationality American
Political party Federalist
Spouse(s)
Cornelia Hoffman
(m. 1752; her death 1780)
Children 10, including James Roosevelt
Parents Jacobus Roosevelt
Catharina Hardenbroek
Relatives See Roosevelt family
Occupation Merchant and Politician

Isaac Roosevelt (December 19, 1726 – October 1794) was an American merchant and Federalist politician. He served in the New York State Assembly and the state Constitutional Convention and achieved the most political success of any Roosevelt before Theodore Roosevelt. Isaac was the patrilineal great-great-grandfather of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt.[1]

Early life[edit]

Roosevelt was born in New York City and baptized in the Reformed Dutch Church of New York. He was the sixth son of Jacobus Roosevelt (1692–1776) and Catharina Hardenbroek, who wed in 1713. His siblings were Johannes (b. 1714), Johannes (b. 1715), Nicholas (b. 1717), Helena (1719–1772),[2]:255 Jacobus (b. 1721), Christoffel (b. 1724), Abraham (b. 1729), Sara (b. 1730), and Adolphus Roosevelt (b. 1735).[3]

His paternal grandfather was Nicholas Roosevelt (1658–1742) and his great-grandfather was the Dutch immigrant Claes Maartenszen Van Rosenvelt (d. 1659), who established the Roosevelt family in America.[1] His maternal grandparents were Johannes Hardenbroek and Sarah (née Van Laer) Hardenbroek.[3]

Career[edit]

The Walton Mansion housed the Bank of New York from 1784 to 1787.

He was one of the first large-scale sugar refiners in New York City. He built one of the first sugar refineries in the city and originally had his store on Wall Street, later removing to St. George's Square.

Isaac Roosevelt is removed from his house in Wall Street to the house of his late brother, Jacobus Roosevelt, Jr., deceased, near the Sugar house, and opposite to Mr. William Waltons, being on the northwest side of Queen Street, where his customers may be supplied as usual with double, middling and single refined loaf sugars, clarified, muscovado and other molasses, & etc."

— April 25, 1772

Active in the community, he was one of the first members of the New York City Chamber of Commerce, organized in 1768, and he was one of the original incorporators of the first public hospital in New York in 1770. In 1784, he was a cofounder of the Bank of New York, one of the oldest still-existing banks in America.[4] In 1786, he succeeded fellow founder Alexander Hamilton to became the bank's second president, a post he held until 1791.[5][6] Roosevelt was succeeded by Gulian Verplanck, Speaker of the New York State Assembly.[7]

Political office[edit]

A noted patriot, he was elected to the New York Provincial Congress on April 22, 1775. He was one of the Committee of One Hundred that took control of the state government in May 1775. Though he felt no allegiance to England, he was initially a moderate, hoping to prevent conflict. However, he withdrew from New York when the British occupied the city, and spent the period of occupation at his wife's home in Dutchess County, serving with the Sixth Regiment of the Dutchess County Militia.[5]

After the war, as one of ten representatives from New York City (among John Jay, Alexander Hamilton,[8] and Robert R. Livingston), he took part in the New York State Convention at Poughkeepsie on June 18, 1788 that deliberated on the adoption of the United States Constitution. He was a member of the New York State Senate (Southern District) from 1777 to 1786, and from 1788 to 1792.[5][9]

Personal life[edit]

On September 22, 1752, he married Cornelia Hoffman (1734–1780), daughter of Tryntje (née Benson) (1712–1765) and Martinus Hoffman (1706–1772), a prominent Dutchess County landowner and member of the Hoffman family.[10] She was the sister of Anthony Hoffman (1739–1790) and the aunt of Josiah Ogden Hoffman (1766–1837).[11] After her mother's death, Cornelia's father Martinus, married Alida Livingston Hansen, a member of the Livingston family who was the widow of Henry Hansen and younger sister of Philip Livingston, a signor of the Declaration of Independence.[12] Together, Isaac and Cornelia had ten children:[11]

  • Abraham Roosevelt (b. 1753), who died young[11]
  • Martinus Roosevelt (b. 1754), who died young[11]
  • Catharine Roosevelt (b. 1756), who died unmarried[11]
  • Sarah Roosevelt (b. 1758), who died unmarried[11]
  • Jacobus "James" Roosevelt III (1760–1847), who married Maria Eliza Walton (1769-1810), then Catharine Elizabeth Barclay (c. 1783-1816), then Harriet Howland (1784-1856).[13][14]
  • Cornelia Roosevelt (b. 1761), who died young[11]
  • Maria Roosevelt (b. 1763), who married Richard Varick (1753–1831), a Mayor of New York City.[13]
  • Martin Roosevelt (1765–1781), who died at College.[13]
  • Cornelia Roosevelt (1767–1818), who married Dr. Benjamin Kissam (1759–1803) on January 10, 1786.[1][15][16]
  • Helen Roosevelt (b. 1768), who died unmarried.[11]

Roosevelt died in October 1794.[1]

Descendants[edit]

Through his son, James, he was a grandfather to Isaac Roosevelt (1790–1863) who married Mary Rebecca Aspinwall (1809–1886), Grace Roosevelt (1792–1828), who married Guy Carlton Bayley (1786–1859), James Roosevelt (1794-1823), Walton Roosevelt (1796–1836), Edward Roosevelt (1799–1832), Richard Varick Roosevelt (1801–1835) who married Anna Maria Lyle, Hamilton Roosevelt (1805-1827), Henry Walton Roosevelt (1809–1827), Susan Barclay Roosevelt (1813–1867), and James Barclay Roosevelt (b. 1815).[1]

Through his daughter Cornelia, he was a grandfather to: Cornelia Catharine Kissam who married Dr. Caspar Wistar Eddy,[15] Benjamin Roosevelt Kissam (b. 1793) who married Mary A. Berdan, Maria Ann Kissan (1788–1871),[15] Helen Kissam (1790–1870) who married John L. Lefferts,[15] Richard Varick Kissam (1795–1869) who married Maria Latourette,[15] Emma Charlotte Kissam who married Francis Armstrong Livingston (1795–1851) a nephew of Peter R. and Maturin Livingston,[15][3] and Ameila Charlotte Kissam (b. 1799).[1]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e f Whittelsey, Charles Barney (1902). The Roosevelt Genealogy, 1649-1902. Press of J.B. Burr & Company. Retrieved 21 June 2017. 
  2. ^ Frances M. Smith (1909). Colonial Families of America. F. Allaben genealogical Company. 
  3. ^ a b c Reynolds, Cuyler (1914). Genealogical and Family History of Southern New York and the Hudson River Valley: A Record of the Achievements of Her People in the Making of a Commonwealth and the Building of a Nation. Lewis Historical Publishing Company. p. 1338. Retrieved 15 June 2017. 
  4. ^ The Bank of New York operated under that name continuously for over 220 years before merging with Mellon Financial in 2007 to form BNY Mellon. Wallack, Todd (20 December 2011). "Which bank is the oldest? Accounts vary - The Boston Globe". Boston Globe. 
  5. ^ a b c "Isaac Roosevelt [1726-1794] Industrial/Commercial Leader". www.newnetherlandinstitute.org. New Netherland Institute. Retrieved 19 January 2018. 
  6. ^ "Constitution of the Bank of New York, [23 February––15 March 1784]". founders.archives.gov. Founders Online. Retrieved 19 January 2018. 
  7. ^ Domett, Henry Williams (1884). A History of the Bank of New York 1784-1884. G.P. Putnam's Sons. p. 10. Retrieved 19 January 2018. 
  8. ^ Collier, Peter; Horowitz, David (June 1, 1995). Roosevelts: An American Saga. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 9780684801407. Retrieved 18 October 2016. 
  9. ^ Hough, Franklin (1858). The New York Civil List: Containing the names and origin of the civil divisions, and the names and dates of election or appointment of the principal state and county officers from the Revolution to the present time. Weed, Parsons and Co. p. 113. Retrieved 19 January 2018. 
  10. ^ The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. New York Genealogical and Biographical Society. 1899. p. 224. Retrieved 21 June 2017. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h Hoffman, Eugene Augustus (1899). Genealogy of the Hoffman family : descendants of Martin Hoffman, with biographical notes . New York: Dodd, Mead & Company. Retrieved 21 June 2017. 
  12. ^ "John H. Livingston, Thomas Jones, Alexander Hamilton, and Brockholst Livingston to Richard Morris". founders.archives.gov. Founders Online. Retrieved 19 January 2018. 
  13. ^ a b c Greene, Richard Henry (1867). The Todd Genealogy; Or, Register of the Descendants of Adam Todd, of the Names of Todd, Whetten, Brevoort, Coolidge, Bristed, Sedgwick, Kane, Renwick, Bull, Huntington, Dean, Astor, Bentzen, Langdon, Boreel, Wilks, De Nottbeck, Ward, Chanler, Cary, Tiebout, Bruce, Robbins, Waldo, Woodhull, Odell, Greene and Foster, with Notices and Genealogies of Many Persons and Families Connected with the Beforementioned Descendants. Wilbur & Hastings. p. 117. Retrieved 19 January 2018. 
  14. ^ The Merchants' National Bank of the City of New York: A History of Its First Century. 1903. p. 35. Retrieved 19 January 2018. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f Duyckinck, Whitehead Cornell; Cornell, John (1908). The Duyckinck and Allied Families: being a record of the descendants of Evert Duyckink who settled in New Amsterdam, now New York, in 1638. Tobias A. Wright. Retrieved 21 June 2017. 
  16. ^ Purple, Samuel S. (2009). Records of the Reformed Dutch Church in New Amsterdam and New York: Marriages from 11 December, 1639, to 26 August, 1801. Genealogical Publishing Com. p. 259. ISBN 9780806351346. Retrieved 21 June 2017. 
Sources
  • Schriftgiesser, Karl (1942). The Amazing Roosevelt Family, 1613-1942. Wildred Funk, Inc. 
  • Whittelsey, Charles B. (1902). The Roosevelt Genealogy, 1649-1902.