Isabel dos Santos
|This biographical article relies too much on references to primary sources. (October 2015)|
|Isabel dos Santos|
|Born||Isabel dos Santos
20 April 1973 
Baku, Azerbaijan SSR
|Alma mater||King's College London|
|Net worth||US$ 3.4 billion (November 2015)|
|Spouse(s)||Sindika Dokolo (m. 2002)|
|Parent(s)||José Eduardo dos Santos|
Isabel dos Santos (born 20 April 1973) is an Angolan investor  considered by Forbes to be the richest woman not only in Angola, but the whole of Africa. In 2013, according to research by Forbes, her net worth had reached more than three billion US Dollars, making her Africa’s first billionaire woman. She is the daughter of Angola's President José Eduardo dos Santos.
Family and education
Isabel dos Santos was born in Baku, Azerbaijan SSR, the oldest daughter of Angola's President José Eduardo dos Santos and his first wife, the Russian-born Tatiana Kukanova, whom he met while studying in Azerbaijan. Her father's parents came from São Tomé and Príncipe. She studied electrical engineering at King's College in London. There she met her husband from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sindika Dokolo, a son of a millionaire from Kinshasa and his Danish wife. There were reports that when they got married in Luanda in December 2002 the wedding ceremony cost about US$4 million, with a special choir flown in from Belgium and two planes chartered to bring food from France. About 800 guests were present at the wedding, half of them relatives of the couple, and also several African presidents.
In the early 1990s, Isabel dos Santos returned from London to join her father in Luanda, and started working as a project manager engineer for Urbana 2000, a subsidiary of Jembas Group, that won the contract for cleaning and disinfection of the city. Then, she set up a trucking business. Here the development of a walkie-talkie system paved the way for her subsequent foray into telecoms. In 1997, at the age of 24, she started her first business by opening the Miami Beach Club, one of the first night clubs and beach restaurants on the Luanda Island. Over a period of nearly 20 years she expanded her business interests continuously and this led her to create several holdings, in Angola and mostly abroad, and to make substantial investments in a series of prestigious entreprises, especially in Portugal.
In December 2014, the Togolese magazine Africa Top Success named Isabel dos Santos as "African of the Year". The Angolan businesswoman competed against five opponents, namely Angélique Kidjo, Lupita Nyong'o, Daphne Mashile-Nkosi, Fatou Bensouda and Koki Mutungi.
In November 2015 BBC named Isabel dos Santos as one of the 100 most influential women in the world. As part of the BBC series 100 Women, which elects women who every year made a difference in their area of operation, Isabel dos Santos was chosen for the list for her leading role in the economy and development of the African continent. In an interview with British public service broadcaster, issued on BBC World News channel, Isabel dos Santos stated that we are seeing a change in the way investors look at Africa.
Investments in Portugal
Since 2008 she has had relevant interests in telecommunications, media, retail, finance and the energy industry, both in Angola and in Portugal. In addition to her commercial interest in oil and diamonds, Isabel dos Santos also owns shares in the Angola cement company Nova Cimangola. Jadeium, a company held by Isabel dos Santos, acquired 4.918% of ZON Multimedia shares from Spain’s Telefonica.
Through the Netherlands-based Unitel International Holdings BV, a company controlled by Isabel dos Santos, the Angolan businesswoman is the main shareholder of ZON Multimédia with 29% since July 2012. She is member of the board of Angolan bank in Lisbon, Banco BIC Português, and through Santoro Holding she holds 20% stakes at Banco Português de Investimento. She has other major stakes with the Angolan state oil company Sonangol through their mutual European Law holding, based in the Netherlands, named Esperanza Holding, in Portuguese Galp Energia. Isabel dos Santos is a founding member and Board member of Banco BIC Português, which recently acquired Banco Português de Negócios, a nationalized bank.
Since November 2012 Isabel dos Santos is a non-executive board member of ZON. In December 2012, Isabel dos Santos announced the invitation for a merger of ZON with Sonaecom, proved in March 2013 by the General Assembly. Eight months later, after the green light from the Competition Authority, the merger of the two companies was formalized on August 27, 2013, with the transfer to ZOPT, a special purpose vehicle created to advance the operation which became the owner of more 50% of the capital of the new group, the shares that Isabel dos Santos and Sonaecom hold on Zon and Optimus respectively. There was a capital increase of ZOPT through contribution in kind from 50 to 716 million euros, while Sonaecom subscribed 358 million shares of the company, by delivering 81.8% of its stake in Optimus. The Angolan businesswoman, on her turn, subscribed exactly the same number of shares of ZOPT, through her holdings Kento and Unitel International, delivering 28.8% of the stake in ZON. With this transfer of shareholdings in Optimus and Zon, Sonaecom and Isabel dos Santos became holders of over 50% stake in the merged company: Zon Optimus SGPS. On this occasion, a new strategy for the company was announced by Isabel dos Santos, with a multimarket vision. On October 1, 2013, Isabel dos Santos attended the first General Assembly of Zon Optimus. Isabel dos Santos’ investments in Portugal are in listed companies, which are therefore subject to official supervision of the Portuguese Securities Market Commission (CMVM).
In November 2014, Isabel dos Santos launched a takeover bid for Portugal Telecom, SGPS, S.A., valuing the firm’s shares at €1.35 a share, in what was seen as a rival bid to a previous €7 billion offer from Altice. Though the offer made by Altice is on PT Portugal, not on PT SGPS. On December 1, 2014, the Angolan businesswoman formally registered her offer at the Portuguese Securities Market Commission (Comissão do Mercado de Valores Mobiliários, CMVM, in Portuguese).
Investments in Angola
With 51% control of Condis, Isabel dos Santos signed a joint partnership with the Portuguese Sonae group in April 2011 for the development and operation of a retail trading company in Angola. The entry in Angola by the Portuguese group led by Paulo de Azevedo will be performed by the Continente (Angola), which will open the first supermarket by 2013 in Angola.
Focus on Telecommunications
Also through Unitel International Holding, a platform for Unitel investments where Portugal Telecom has no presence, she acquired the mobile operator T+, in Cape Verde and gained the license for the establishment of the second telecom operator in São Tomé and Príncipe. Under this investment Isabel dos Santos announced during a visit to São Tomé and Príncipe that Unitel will invest in education in the country to train engineers, managers and other technicians and also focus on job creation.
In an interview during the New York Forum Africa, held in June 2013 in Libreville, Gabon, Isabel dos Santos said that future of telecommunications in Africa is about thinking beyond mobile phones and focusing on connectivity with high capacity and big broad band that can connect the African continent.
In November 2014, Isabel dos Santos participated in the 5th edition of the Global Entrepreneurship Summit held in Marrakech, Morocco. During her speech, the Angolan businesswoman classified Africa's economic environment and African market as "very attractive" and revealed that Unitel and Google entered into a partnership for the installation of a fiber optic submarine cable that will connect Africa to Brazil and Brazil with USA.
- Trans Africa Investment Services, a Gibraltar based vehicle founded together with her mother for the diamond business
- Unitel International Holdings B.V.: change of name of Kento and Jadeium, based in Amsterdam, company-vehicle for Isabel dos Santos’ investment in telecommunications
- Santoro Finance: company-vehicle for Isabel dos Santos’ investment in Banco BPI based in Lisbon
- Esperaza Holding B.V.: based in Amsterdam, energy, oil etc.
- Condis: a retail business based in Luanda
In 2007 Isabel dos Santos was described by Portuguese daily newspaper Público as a “good businesswoman, very dynamic and intelligent, who’s also professional and friendly”. The British newspaper Financial Times wrote, in March 2013, that “even some critics acknowledge Isabel dos Santos’s independent prowess as a businesswoman”. In the same interview, Isabel dos Santos says she does business and is not a politician.
The remarkable growth of Isabel dos Santos' involvement in the Portuguese communications sector has led to concern in the Portuguese media. Newspapers expressed discontent with the latest transactions in 2012. According to some editorial, the operation can lead to a monopoly in some areas of the media business by centralizing Angola and Portugal. According to other editorial, Isabel dos Santos has said she has no interest to invest in Portuguese media. Moreover, Isabel dos Santos was also accused of political bias, such as inside information and contacts in Portugal. However Portuguese analysts say "Isabel dos Santos has holdings that are professionally managed, with the appointment of professional managers, with the profile that requires to listed companies and developed markets". There is no news of issues with Isabel dos Santos shareholder on any of the companies. Over the past three years (2009-2012) her share has increased exponentially. The sectors that draw attention are the Telecommunication and the financial system. Both activities are the investment priorities in of her own companies in Angola and abroad. Isabel dos Santos, currently one of the greatest entrepreneurs of her country, expands its business to Europe without diversifying the industries it serves.
A Forbes magazine article described how Isabel dos Santos acquired her wealth by taking stakes in companies that want to do business in Angola, suggesting that her wealth comes from her family's kleptocracy. Isabel dos Santos immediately denied these accusations as false. Rafael Marques, co-author of the Forbes article, was criticized for working with George Soros.
By 2015, Isabel dos Santos owned a share of satellite TV operator ZAP, that had in December 2013 acquired the rights to distribute Forbes in a number of Portuguese speaking countries, namely Portugal, Angola and Mozambique. It had been announced that most of the content would be produced by a local team, complemented by content for the North American edition, therefore potentially allowing influence on Forbes content. It was initially planned that the first edition of the Portuguese language Forbes would be published during the 2nd quarter of 2014. 
- Isabel dos Santos Profile Africa Confidential
- http://www.forbes.com/profile/isabel-dos-santos/ Isabel dos Santos Profile on Forbes
- Burgis, Tom (March 29, 2013). "Lunch with the FT: Isabel dos Santos". Financial Times. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
- ISABEL DOS SANTOS - SEGREDOS E PODER DO DINHEIRO. Filipe S. Fernandes. Documentation (Portuguese)
- Africa Confidential about Isabel dos Santos
- Isabel Dos Santos, Daughter Of Angola's President, Is Africa's First Woman Billionaire retrieved 23 January 2013
- Forbes: Africa’s Richest Women May 2, 2011
- ISABEL DOS SANTOS - SEGREDOS E PODER DO DINHEIRO. Filipe S. Fernandes. Documentation (Portuguese)
- The Guardian: "Isabel dos Santos, dubbed 'princess', named Africa's first female billionaire" by David Smith January 25, 2013
- Mail & Guardian (Zambia): "Angola: Who's who in the palace?" by Louise Redvers November 2, 2012
- The Australian: "Angolan Africa's first woman billionaire" January 25, 2013
- Biography at MPLA website (Portuguese)
- Mail & Guardian: "Angola: Who's who in the palace?" by Louise Redvers November 02, 2012
- Celso Filipe, Report about Isabel dos Santos on Negócios Online, December 2008
- Isabel dos Santos: 'First African female billionaire'
- La Famille Dokolo
- "Augustin Dokolo, an African entrepreneur". Retrieved 14 March 2013.
- "Isabel dos Santos: A face invisível dos negócios angolanos em Portugal" (in Portuguese). Jornal Público. 2009-12-30. Retrieved 2013-02-24.
- "Isabel dos Santos Africas First Female Billionaire". Guardian. 2009-12-30. Retrieved 2013-02-24.
- "Isabel dos Santos: o rosto de Angola" (in Portuguese). Público. July 20, 2007. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
- Source: Finantial Times - March 29, 2013
- "Meet The Forbes Second Richest African Woman: Isabel dos Santos". The African Economist. December 4, 2012. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
- Isabel dos Santos reforça em Portugal com entrada na Zon Diário Económico, 21 December 2009 (pt)
- Isabel dos Santos é a 18ª figura mais poderosa da economia portuguesa Jornal de Negócios, 4 August 2011 (pt)
- Africa Top Success Awards: Votez pour l’Africaine de l’année 2014 Africa Top Success
- BBC 100 Women 2015: Who is on the list? BBC, 17 November 2015
- BBC 100 Women 2015 BBC, November 2015
- Isabel dos Santos: 'Education is our gap in Angola' BBC, 27 November 2015
- Isabel dos Santos eleita uma das 100 mulheres de topo pela BBC Diário de Notícias, 26 November 2015 (pt)
- Isabel dos Santos: "What I have achieved is through merit" BBC, 27 November 2015
-  by CMVM
-  by CMVM
- ANNOUNCEMENT, CMVM Official website 14.12.2012
- Angola: Isabel dos Santos reinforces her presence in Portuguese firms Portugaldailyview.com, 9 May 2012
- Millennium investment banking: Kento qualified holding comment March 14, 2011 (page 1)
- NYSE Euronext Company profile
- Zon's shareholders unanimously approved the entry of Isabel dos Santos (pt)
- BIC board members (pt)
- Shareholders structure BPI June 24, 2011 (pt)
- Bloomberg: Isabel dos Santos wants to raise stake at BPI, December 22, 2010
- Report on Voice of America (pt)
- Banco BIC Português Official website
- Isabel dos Santos profile in Forbes
- [http://www.ionline.pt/dinheiro/isabel-dos-santos-integra-administracao-da-zon Isabel dos Santos integra administração da Zon by LUSA Press agency
-  by CMVM
-  by CMVM
-  by CMVM
-  by CMVM
- Optimus, Zon merger brings potential for expansion - Dos Santos
-  Isabel dos Santos The strategy of the new company will be open to new geographies]
- Isabel dos Santos comparece na AG da Zon Optimus, Jornal de Negócios
-  CMVM
- NOS shareholder bids for Portugal Telecom shares Reuters, 09 November 2014
- Dos Santos launches bid for Portugal Telecom SGPS Reuters, 01 December 2014
- Portuguese group Sonae authorised to open hypermarkets in Angola Aicep Portugal Global, retrieved 27 December 2011
- Source: ANGOP
- Telecom Paper
- Africa Telecom and IT
- Unitel STP to start operating in Sao Tome and Principe this year, Macau Hub
- Isabel dos Santos: “My model would be someone like my grandmother”, Jornal de Negócios
- Isabel dos Santos: Interview to New York Forum Africa, Dinheiro Vivo
- GES 2014: Program - Speakers
- Global Entrepreneurship Summit - Interview with Isabel dos Santos
- Unitel, Google to build submarine fibre network Telecompaper, 21 November 2014
- Os negócios de Isabel dos Santos em Portugal Dinheiro Vivo Online, 9 May 2012 (pt)
- A Angolana mais rica de Portugal, English: The most rich Angolan in Portugal clipquick.com, 1 August 2012 (pt)
- Isabel dos Santos: O rosto de Angola in Público
- Isabel dos Santos sem interesse na RTP1 in Diário Económico
- Empresária angolana adquire importantes participações em duas grandes empresas portuguesas, Observatório dos Países da Lingua Portuguesa, in English: Observatory of the Portuguese Language Countries, 14 May 2012 (Portuguese)
- What Isabel dos santos want?, Diário Económico (Portuguese)
- Daddy's Girl: How An African 'Princess' Banked $ Kerry A. Dolan, August 14, 2013
- Isabel dos Santos denies accusations made by Forbes, Diário Económico
- The story of a hidden activist with George Soros lurking, Briefing magazine
- Rafael Marques and George Soros’s half million dollars
- Forbes chega este ano a Portugal e África, pela mão de Isabel dos Santos
- Angola Red Cross Official website
- Pitigrili about Isabel dos Santos
- Público Capa: The face of Angola July 20, 2007 (Portuguese)
- Angola: Isabel Dos Santos - Honour and Lies Rafael Marques de Morais, 24 February 2012
- Lunch with the FT: Isabel dos Santos Tom Burgis, March 29, 2013
- Daddy's Girl: How An African 'Princess' Banked $3 Billion In A Country Living On $2 A Day, Kerry A. Dolan on forbes.com, from Aug 14, 2013