The Isabella Psalter (BSB Cod.gall. 16), also called the Psalter of Queen Isabella or the Psalter of Isabella of England, is a 14th-century volume containing the Book of Psalms, named for Isabella of France, who is herself depicted in it; it was likely a gift upon her betrothal or marriage. The illuminated manuscript is also notable for its bestiary.
Origin and history of the manuscript
The psalter was produced ca. 1303-1308. Like its "closest relation," the Tickhill Psalter, it shows a French influence and is similar in content and style to the Queen Mary Psalter and the Ormesby Psalter. Like the Queen Mary and Tickhill psalters, and like the Egerton Gospel and the Holkham Picture Bible, some of its captions and illustrations can be traced to the 12th-century Historia scholastica; all these 14th-century manuscripts may have "a thirteenth-century Parisian antecedent, reflected in the Tours Genesis window" (in reference to a window in the clerestory of the Tours Cathedral). It is currently held in the Bavarian State Library, Munich.
According to Donald Drew Egbert, the illuminators belong to the same group that illuminated the Tickhill Psalter. Art historian Ellen Beer, however, states that while there are similarities, Egbert is too quick to identify the illuminators (whom he connects to four other manuscripts as well). According to Beer, two of the illuminators responsible for the Psalter of St. Louis can be recognized in the Isabella Psalter.
The psalter measures 28.7 by 20.2 centimetres (11.3 by 8.0 in) and consists of 131 parchment pages. The first section is a calendar, with two illuminations per page, followed by a section with illuminations of scenes from the Old Testament and a complete bestiary, which (as in the Queen Mary Psalter) are executed as marginalia.
- Wier 24
- Sweeney 274.
- Stanton, "The Queen Mary Psalter" 83.
- Weir 77.
- Stanton, "From Eve to Bathsheba" 184.
- Egbert, The Tickhill psalter 11.
- Papanicolaou 187.
- Egbert, A sister to the Tickhill psalter
- Beer, "Gotische Buchmalerei" 165.
- Beer, "Pariser Buchmalerei" 79.
- "Psalter der Königin Isabella von England."
- Stanton, The Queen Mary psalter 44.
- Beer, Ellen J. (1962). "Gotische Buchmalerei. Literatur von 1945 bis 1961". Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte 25 (2): 153–65. JSTOR 1481459.
- Beer, Ellen J. (1981). "Pariser Buchmalerei in der Zeit Ludwigs des Heiligen und im letzten Viertel des 13. Jahrhunderts". Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte 44 (1): 62–91. JSTOR 1482108.
- Egbert, Donald Drew (1935). A sister to the Tickhill psalter, the Psalter of Queen Isabella of England: an english gothic manuscript of the early 14th century now in the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek at Munich, Cod. gall. 16. New York City: New York Public Library.
- Egbert, Donald Drew (1932). The Tickhill psalter: an English illuminated manuscript of the early fourteenth century. New York City: The New York Public Library.
- Papanicolaou, Linda Morey (1981). "The Iconography of the Genesis Window of the Cathedral of Tours". Gesta 20 (1): 179–89. JSTOR 766840.
- "Psalter der Königin Isabella von England - BSB Cod.gall. 16". Bavarian State Library. Retrieved 25 May 2011.
- Stanton, Anne Rudloff (2001). The Queen Mary psalter: a study of affect and audience. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society. ISBN 978-0-87169-916-9.
- Stanton, Anne Rudloff (1997). "From Eve to Bathsheba and Beyond: Motherhood in the Queen Mary Psalter". In Jane H. M. Taylor. Women and the book: assessing the visual evidence. The British Library studies in medieval culture. Lesley Janette Smith. Toronto: U of Toronto P. pp. 172–89. ISBN 978-0-8020-8069-1.
- Sweeney, Del (1995). Agriculture in the Middle Ages: technology, practice, and representation. Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P. ISBN 978-0-8122-3282-0.
- Weir, Alison (2006). Queen Isabella. New York City: Random House. ISBN 978-0-345-45320-4.
- Wormald, Francis (1941). "The Tickhill Psalter". The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs 79 (463): 134–35. JSTOR 868383.