Isaiah 45

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Isaiah 45
Great Isaiah Scroll.jpg
The Great Isaiah Scroll, the best preserved of the biblical scrolls found at Qumran from the second century BC, contains all the verses in this chapter.
BookBook of Isaiah
Bible partOld Testament
Order in the Bible part23

Isaiah 45 is the forty-fifth chapter of the Book of Isaiah in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. This book contains the prophecies attributed to the prophet Isaiah, and is one of the Books of the Prophets.


Textual versions[edit]

Some ancient manuscripts containing this chapter in Hebrew language:

Ancient translations in Koine Greek:

Verse 1[edit]

Thus saith the Lord to his anointed,
to Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden,
to subdue nations before him;
and I will loose the loins of kings,
to open before him the two leaved gates;
and the gates shall not be shut;[1]

The Septuagint refers to Cyrus as "my anointed".[2]

Verse 14[edit]

Thus saith the Lord,
The labour of Egypt, and merchandise of Ethiopia and of the Sabeans, men of stature,
shall come over unto thee, and they shall be thine: they shall come after thee;
in chains they shall come over, and they shall fall down unto thee,
they shall make supplication unto thee, saying,
Surely God is in thee; and there is none else, there is no God.[3]

The Egyptian, Ethiopian and Sabaean peoples "are apparently represented here as already conquered by Cyrus". The text may be interpreted as foretelling "spontaneous homage rendered to Israel by distant nations of the earth", or in terms of a prospective conquest; for Skinner in the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges "the whole scene strongly suggests a submission that has been preceded by humiliation and defeat. The meaning probably is that the treasures of the nations are made over to Israel by Cyrus".[4]

Verse 25[edit]

In the Lord shall all the seed of Israel be justified, and shall glory.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Isaiah 45:1
  2. ^ Brenton, Brenton's Septuagint Translation of Isaiah 45
  3. ^ Isaiah 45:14: KJV
  4. ^ Skinner, J., Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges on Isaiah 45, accessed 16 August 2018
  5. ^ Isaiah 45:25

External links[edit]