Isaiah 59

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Isaiah 59
Great Isaiah Scroll.jpg
The Great Isaiah Scroll, the best preserved of the biblical scrolls found at Qumran from the second century BC, contains all the verses in this chapter.
BookBook of Isaiah
Hebrew Bible partNevi'im
Order in the Hebrew part5
CategoryLatter Prophets
Christian Bible partOld Testament
Order in the Christian part23

Isaiah 59 is the fifty-ninth chapter of the Book of Isaiah in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. This book contains the prophecies attributed to the prophet Isaiah, and is one of the Books of the Prophets. Chapters 56-66 are often referred to as Trito-Isaiah.[1]

Text[edit]

The original text is written in Hebrew language. This chapter is divided into 21 verses.

Textual versions[edit]

Some early witnesses for the text of this chapter in Hebrew language:

There is also a translation into Koine Greek known as the Septuagint, made in the last few centuries BC. Extant ancient manuscripts of the Septuagint version include Codex Vaticanus (B; B; 4th century), Codex Sinaiticus (S; BHK: S; 4th century), Codex Alexandrinus (A; A; 5th century) and Codex Marchalianus (Q; Q; 6th century).[2]

Parashot[edit]

The parashah sections listed here are based on the Aleppo Codex.[3] Isaiah 59 is a part of the Consolations (Isaiah 40–66). {P}: open parashah; {S}: closed parashah.

{P} 59:1-14 {S} 59:15-21 {S}

Verse 1[edit]

Behold, the Lord's hand is not shortened, that it cannot save;
neither his ear heavy, that it cannot hear:[4]

Verse 2[edit]

But your iniquities have separated between you and your God,
and your sins have hid his face from you, that he will not hear.[5]

Verse 17[edit]

For He put on righteousness as a breastplate,
And a helmet of salvation on His head;
He put on the garments of vengeance for clothing,
And was clad with zeal as a cloak.[6]

The first two lines

"He put on (LXX: enedusato) righteousness as a breastplate (dikaiosunēn thōraka), and a helmet of salvation (perikephalaian sōtēriou) on His head"

are alluded in 1 Thessalonians 5:8:

"Putting on (Greek: endusamenoi[7]) the breastplate of faith and love (thōraka pisteōs kai agapēs[7]), and as a helmet the hope of salvation (perikephalaian elpida sōtērias[7])"

where Paul changes "the breastplate of righteousness" to "the breastplate of faith and love", and adds "hope" to "the helmet of salvation".[8]

The same lines is also alluded in Wisdom 5:18, which is presumably dependent of Isaiah:

"He will put on righteousness as a breastplate (Greek: endusetai thōraka dikaiosunēn), and he will don true judgement instead of a helmet."[8]

Verse 21[edit]

As for me, this is my covenant with them, saith the Lord;
My spirit that is upon thee, and my words which I have put in thy mouth,
shall not depart out of thy mouth,
nor out of the mouth of thy seed,
nor out of the mouth of thy seed's seed,
saith the Lord, from henceforth and for ever.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Esler, Philip F. (2007). "71. 1 Thessalonians". In Barton, John; Muddiman, John (eds.). The Oxford Bible Commentary (first (paperback) ed.). Oxford University Press. pp. 1199–1212. ISBN 978-0199277186. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  • Würthwein, Ernst (1995). The Text of the Old Testament. Translated by Rhodes, Erroll F. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans. ISBN 0-8028-0788-7. Retrieved January 26, 2019.

External links[edit]

Jewish[edit]

Christian[edit]