Isandlwana

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Isandlwana
Isandlwanamassgrave.JPG
Isandlwana with a British cairn marking a grave from the Battle of Isandlwana
Highest point
Elevation1,284 m (4,213 ft) [1]
ListingList of mountains in South Africa
Coordinates28°21′7″S 30°39′6″E / 28.35194°S 30.65167°E / -28.35194; 30.65167Coordinates: 28°21′7″S 30°39′6″E / 28.35194°S 30.65167°E / -28.35194; 30.65167
Geography
Isandlwana is located in KwaZulu-Natal
Isandlwana
Isandlwana
Location in KwaZulu-Natal
LocationKwaZulu-Natal
Parent rangeDrakensberg foothill
Climbing
First ascentUnknown
Easiest routeFrom Dundee

Isandlwana (Zulu pronunciation: [ísanˈdɮwáːna])[2] (older spelling Isandhlwana, also sometimes seen as Isandula) is an isolated hill in the KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa. It is located 105 miles (169 km) north by northwest of Durban.[3] The name is said to mean abomasum, the second stomach of the cow, because it reminded the Zulus of its shape.

History[edit]

This mountain has historical significance. On 22 January 1879, Isandlwana was the site of the Battle of Isandlwana, where approximately 22,000 Zulu warriors defeated a contingent of approximately 1,350 British and Native troops in one of the first engagements of the Anglo-Zulu War.[4] The force was largely wiped out by the Zulus under Ntshingwayo kaMahole Khoza. The battle remains the single greatest defeat for the British Army at the hands of a native army.[5]

Isandlwana hill rises 10 miles (16 km) southeast of Rorke's Drift, a ford on the Buffalo River, a tributary of the Tugela River.

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