Tasawaq language

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Native to Niger
Ethnicity Isawaghan
Native speakers
8,000 (1998)[1]
  • Ingelshi
  • Emghedeshie
Language codes
ISO 639-3 twq
Glottolog tasa1240[2]
Songhay languages.svg
Location of Songhay languages[3]

Northwest Songhay:


Eastern Songhay:

Person Asawagh / Ingalkoy
People Isawaghan / Ingalkoyyu
Language Tasawaq / Ingelshi

Tasawaq (Tuareg name: Tesăwăq),[4] sometimes also called Ingelshi, is a Northern Songhay language spoken by the Issawaghan (or Ingalkoyyu), a community surrounding the town of Ingal in Niger.[5][6] A closely related variety called Emghedeshie was spoken in Agadez but is now extinct.

Like other Northern Songhay languages, it has been strongly influenced by neighbouring Tuareg languages.


  1. ^ Tasawaq at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Tasawaq". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ This map is based on classification from Glottolog and data from Ethnologue.
  4. ^ Ritter, Georg (2009). Wörterbuch zur Sprache und Kultur der Twareg II Deutsch-Twareg. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. p. 735. 
  5. ^ Michael J. Rueck; Niels Christiansen. Northern Songhay languages in Mali and Niger, a sociolinguistic survey. Summer Institute of Linguistics (1999).
  6. ^ Catherine Taine-Cheikh. [Les langues parlées au sud Sahara et au nord Sahel http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00456346/]. De l'Atlantique à l'Ennedi (Catalogue de l'exposition « Sahara-Sahel »), Centre Culturel Français d'Abidjan (Ed.) (1989) 155–173