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Ischnura heterosticta02.jpg
Ischnura heterosticta
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Odonata
Family: Coenagrionidae
Genus: Ischnura
Charpentier, 1840

Ischnura is a genus of damselflies known as forktails in the family Coenagrionidae. Forktails are distributed worldwide, including various oceanic islands. The males have a forked projection at the tip of the abdomen which gives the group their common name.[1]


Forktails are small or very small damselflies. The compound eyes of mature individuals have a dark upper region and contrasting lower part. The thorax is often green and may have lateral stripes and the abdomen in males is black with a blue tip. Females of some species are polymorphic, some being orangish and darkening with age, while others resemble the male.[1]


The genus includes the following species:[2][3]


  1. ^ a b Paulson, Dennis (2009). Dragonflies and Damselflies of the West. Princeton University Press. p. 107. ISBN 1-4008-3294-2. 
  2. ^ Martin Schorr; Martin Lindeboom; Dennis Paulson. "World Odonata List". University of Puget Sound. Retrieved 3 Oct 2013. 
  3. ^ "Odonata species list". Swedish Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 11 August 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c d Günther Theischinger; John Hawking (2006). The complete field guide to dragonflies of Australia. CSIRO Publishing. ISBN 0-643-09073-8. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "California Damselflies". Dragonflies (Odonata) of the Southwest. 
  6. ^ a b "Species List: Damselflies". 
  7. ^ a b c Abbott, John (2008). Dragonflies and Damselflies (Odonata) of Texas, Vol 3. Odonata Survey of Texas. ISBN 978-0-615-19494-3. 
  8. ^ a b "Checklist of UK Species". British Dragonfly Society. Retrieved 5 August 2010. 
  9. ^ a b c "Checklist, English common names". Retrieved 5 August 2010. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f "North American Odonata". University of Puget Sound. 2009. Retrieved 5 August 2010. 
  11. ^ Samraoui, B. & Dijkstra, K.-D.B. (2009). "Ischnura saharensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 19 October 2010. 
  12. ^ "Ischnura senegalensis". IUCN Red List. Retrieved 5 August 2010.