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Ischnura heterosticta02.jpg
Ischnura heterosticta
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Clade: Euarthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Odonata
Suborder: Zygoptera
Family: Coenagrionidae
Genus: Ischnura
Charpentier, 1840[1]

Ischnura is a genus of damselflies known as forktails in the family Coenagrionidae.[2] Forktails are distributed worldwide, including various oceanic islands. The males have a forked projection at the tip of the abdomen which gives the group their common name.[3]


Forktails are small or very small damselflies. The compound eyes of mature individuals have a dark upper region and contrasting lower part. The thorax is often green and may have lateral stripes and the abdomen in males is black with a blue tip. Females of some species are polymorphic, some being orangish and darkening with age, while others resemble the male.[3]


The genus Ischnura includes the following species:[4][5]


  1. ^ Charpentier, T. (1840). Libellulinae Europaeae Descriptae et Depictae (in Latin). Leipzig: Leopold Voss. pp. 180 [20]. hdl:2027/nyp.33433011575317. 
  2. ^ "Genus Ischnura Charpentier, 1840". Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study. 2012. Retrieved 3 April 2017. 
  3. ^ a b Paulson, Dennis (2009). Dragonflies and Damselflies of the West. Princeton University Press. p. 107. ISBN 1-4008-3294-2. 
  4. ^ Martin Schorr; Martin Lindeboom; Dennis Paulson. "World Odonata List". University of Puget Sound. Retrieved 3 Oct 2013. 
  5. ^ "Odonata species list". Swedish Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 11 August 2010. 
  6. ^ a b c d Günther Theischinger; John Hawking (2006). The complete field guide to dragonflies of Australia. CSIRO Publishing. ISBN 0-643-09073-8. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h "California Damselflies". Dragonflies (Odonata) of the Southwest. Archived from the original on 2009-09-23. 
  8. ^ a b "Species List: Damselflies". 
  9. ^ a b c Abbott, John (2008). Dragonflies and Damselflies (Odonata) of Texas, Vol 3. Odonata Survey of Texas. ISBN 978-0-615-19494-3. 
  10. ^ a b "Checklist of UK Species". British Dragonfly Society. Retrieved 5 August 2010. 
  11. ^ a b c "Checklist, English common names". Archived from the original on 4 December 2012. Retrieved 5 August 2010. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f "North American Odonata". University of Puget Sound. 2009. Retrieved 5 August 2010. 
  13. ^ Samraoui, B. & Dijkstra, K.-D.B. (2010). "Ischnura saharensis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2010: e.T165477A6031236. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-3.RLTS.T165477A6031236.en. Retrieved 24 December 2017. 
  14. ^ "Ischnura senegalensis". IUCN Red List. Retrieved 5 August 2010.