Isembard, Count of Autun
In 850, Isembard and Count Aledramn of Barcelona were sent by King Charles the Bald to subdue the rebellious Margrave William of Septimania. They were both captured through a ruse. On 21 March 858, at the synod of Quierzy, Isembard was one of the lay magnates who swore fidelity to King Charles. He was thus probably one of the "leading men of Burgundy" whom the Annales Bertiniani record as joined Charles at Brienne and Chalon that November, when he and Louis the German almost came to battle.
On 20 June 859, Isembard (or possibly his son), described as a fidelis (loyal follower) in the charter, received a villa in the Narbonnais from the king, to be held in perpetuity (in proprium aeternaliter) as an allod. In 864, Isembard (or possibly his son again) was a royal missus and the viscount of Narbonne. The appointment of a royal fidelis to the office of viscount demonstrates that at this stage in Charles's reign, the king still coveted influence at the local level even in the far south of his realm.
- Janet L. Nelson, Charles the Bald (London: Longman, 1992), 161 n. 4.
- Janet L. Nelson, The Annals of St-Bertin (Manchester University Press, 1991), 69 n. 1.
- Nelson, Charles the Bald, 186.
- Nelson, Annals of St-Bertin, 88 n. 15.
- Archibald R. Lewis, The Development of Southern French and Catalan Society, 718–1050 (University of Texas Press, 1965), 115, 119, 162. This royal grant was made at the instigation of Humfrid, the margrave of Gothia.