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Ishbak (Hebrew: וְיִשְׁבָּ֣קish'băk; "he will leave; leaving"), also spelled Jisbak [1] and Josabak.[2] According to the Bible he was the fifth son of Abraham, the patriarch of the Israelites, and Keturah whom he wed after the death of Sarah.[3][4] Ishbak had five brothers, Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian and Shuah.[5]

Josephus tells us that "Abraham contrived to settle them in colonies; and they took possession of Troglodytis and the country of Arabia the Happy, as far as it reaches to the Red Sea."[6] Abraham in all probability, tried to keep them apart from Isaac to avoid conflict while fulfilling God's commission to spread out and inhabit the globe.[7][8][9] Little else is known about him, but his descendants may be the people identified in a cuneiform inscription to a people known as Jasbuqu.[10][neutrality is disputed]


  1. ^ Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible, Hebrew Dictionary, 3435
  2. ^ Josephus, Flavius, Antiquities, 1.15.1
  3. ^ Genesis 25:2–6
  4. ^ 1Chronicles 1:32
  5. ^ Genesis 25:1–6
  6. ^ Josephus, Flavius, Antiquities, 1.15.1
  7. ^ Genesis 1:27,28
  8. ^ Genesis 9:1
  9. ^ Josephus, Flavius, Antiquities, 1.4.1-3
  10. ^ Seventh-day Adventist Bible Commentary, Volume 1, Review and Herald Publishing Association (Washington, D.C., USA), 1953, p.367

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