Ishbara Tolis

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Ishbara Tolis Qaghan
沙钵罗咥利失可汗
Eighth Qaghan of the Western Turkic Khaganate
Reign634-639 (as khagan)
639-659 (as Nushibi khagan)
PredecessorDulu Khan
SuccessorIrbis Tulu Khagan (in west)
El Kulug Shad (in east)
BornAshina Tong
阿史那同俄
Died659
IssueEl Kulug Shad
HouseAshina
FatherBagha Shad

Ishbara Tolis (full title: Shābōluōxìlìshīkèhán 沙钵罗咥利失可汗, personal name Ashina Tong 阿史那同俄) was the ruler of Western Turkic Khaganate (empire) between 634–639.

Reign[edit]

He was Bagha Shad's son. After his elder brother Dulu Khan abdicated, he was enthroned in 634 in very unfavorable circumstances. He had to rely on vassal tribes which were more powerful than himself. In 635, he sent arrows to ten tribes which meant legitimatizing them as shads (semi independent governor princes), but he was careful to keep the delicate balance between the two rival factions by appointing five from Dulu and five from Nushibi. Thus his empire came to be known as Onoq, meaning ten arrows.)Even this policy however, wasn't successful. A noble carrying name Tun Tudun revolted and caused khagan to flee to Qarasahr with his brother Böri Shad. However, he was reinstalled to throne by Nushibi noble Assik Kul-Erkin who killed Tun Tudun. Meanwhile Tulu tribes appointed Yukuk Shad a prince from the recently collapsed Eastern Empire as their ruler.

Later reign[edit]

After Ili River Treaty, he spent rest of his life among his former Nushibi subjects, east to Ili River.[1] He was killed by one of his own men in 659, on orders of Yukuk Shad.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ^ L.M.Gümilev :Eski Türkler, tr:Ahsen Batur, Selenge yayınları, İstanbul, 2002, ISBN 975-7856-39-8, OCLC 52822672, pp.269-272
  2. ^ Ahmet., Taşağil, (1995–2004). Gök-Türkler. Atatürk Kültür, Dil, ve Tarih Yüksek Kurumu (Turkey). Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi. ISBN 975161113X. OCLC 33892575.CS1 maint: Date format (link)
Ishbara Tolis
Preceded by
Dulu Khan
Khagan of the Western Turkic Khaganate
634–639
639–659
Succeeded by
Yukuk Shad (in west)
El Kulug Shad (in east)