Ishbel MacDonald

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Ishbel MacDonald
Ishbel MacDonald LCCN2014716966.jpg
Ishbel MacDonald
Born
Ishbel Allan MacDonald

(1903-03-02)2 March 1903
Died20 June 1982(1982-06-20) (aged 79)
Resting placeSpynie Cemetery, Morayshire
NationalityBritish
Other namesIshbel Allan Ridgley
Ishbel Allan Peterkin
OccupationOfficial Hostess
Known forOfficial Hostess to Ramsay MacDonald
TitleIndependent Socialist
Political partyLabour Party
Spouse(s)
  • Norman Ridgley
    (m. 1938; died 1950)
  • James Peterkin
    (m. 1953; died 1956)
Parents
RelativesMalcolm MacDonald (brother)

Ishbel Allan MacDonald (2 March 1903 – 20 June 1982)[1] was the daughter of Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Ramsay MacDonald[2] and his wife Margaret MacDonald née Gladstone. Margaret's death in 1911[3] – a year after their son David had died – left Ramsay a single father to his remaining five children. When, in 1924 he came to power as Prime Minister of the country's first Labour Government, it was Ishbel, as the eldest daughter, who her father decided should be his hostess at 10 Downing Street. At just 20 she became the youngest person ever to take on the role.

Biography[edit]

Ishbel MacDonald, the Official Hostess to Ramsay MacDonald

Ishbel Allan MacDonald was born on 2 March 1903. Prior to her father's election as Prime Minister, Ishbel had been studying social sciences.[3] Due to his meagre earnings and poor background, Ramsay MacDonald knew he would be unable to repeat the Downing Street lifestyle that previous premiers had been wealthy enough to enjoy. His first term of office lasted only ten months but during that time Ishbel did everything possible to save her father money, cutting back on the cost of heating, food, transport and servants which at the time were expected to be paid out of a Prime Minister's own pocket.

Ishbel imagined that her role would be purely temporary and that when her father's minority government fell she would return to the simple life she had known. In fact she never left her father's side, acting as his official hostess through his three terms of office and his years in opposition until he died in 1937. She became one of the most popular women in Britain, and was constantly in the public eye.

In 1928 she was elected to London County Council as Labour Party member for Poplar.[4] In 1931 Ishbel was elected to the London County Council as Labour Party member for Bow and Bromley. Unlike her father she did not join National Labour; however, as she remained hostess at 10 Downing Street the Labour Group decided in November 1931 that she was ineligible to receive the Labour whip. She then sat as an 'Independent Socialist' on the council.

Later life and death[edit]

After her father retired as Prime Minister for the last time in 1935 she bought a country pub (The Old Plow, at Speen near High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire)[5]:2 and ran it for 17 years. Ishbel married and was widowed twice. Her first marriage was to Norman Ridgley in 1938.[5][6][7] He died in 1950. Her second was to James Peterkin in 1953. He died just three years later. She had no children and from then on chose to live the rest of her life in the family home in Lossiemouth, Scotland, where her father had been born. She died there in 1982 aged 79.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ishbel Allan MacDonald (Mrs Peterkin) (1903-1982), Daughter of James Ramsay MacDonald National Portrait Gallery, London [1]
  2. ^ Foreign News: Ishbel's Thoughts. Time. (magazine) Monday, 11 November 1929 [2]
  3. ^ a b The Man Who Would Lead Labour (1924) BFI Screenonline
  4. ^ Ishbel MacDonald Elected to Council. The Milwaukee Journal - 9 March 1928 https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=gaNQAAAAIBAJ&sjid=pyEEAAAAIBAJ&pg=6831,1376853&dq=ishbel+macdonald&hl=en
  5. ^ a b Ishbel MacDonald to Wed English House Decorator. The Pittsburgh Press - 14 February 1938 [3]
  6. ^ Miss Ishbel MacDonald Engaged. British Pathe 1938
  7. ^ Ishbel MacDonald Married Today to Speen Handyman. The Evening Independent - 28 February 1938 [4]