Ishbi-Erra was the first king in the Dynasty of Isin. When the Third Dynasty of Ur collapsed during the reign of Ibbi-Sin, and the former empire was overrun by invaders from Elam and elsewhere, Ishbi-Erra, who had until then served as governor of Isin, set-up an independent kingdom. This kingdom eventually reconquered much of the former heartland of Sumer and Akkad. Ishbi-Erra apparently never used the epithet 'king of Sumer and Akkad', which had been in use by all the Ur III kings, but the epithet was used by his grandson Iddin-Dagan.
Frayne 1990, pp. 6–14: This volume contains all known royal inscriptions of Ishbi-Erra
- Kuhrt, Amélie (1995). The Ancient Near East, Volume I. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-01353-4..
- Frayne, Douglas R. (1990). Old Babylonian Period (RIME Early Periods; v. 4). University of Toronto Press. ISBN 0-8020-5873-6..
|Kings of Isin
ca. 1953–1921 BC
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