Ishikari River

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Ishikari River
Ishikari-gawa

石狩川
Ishikari river at kamui kotan.jpg
The Ishikari River at Kamui Kotan near Asahikawa
Ishikari river Route.svg
Etymology"Winding (River)" in Ainu
Location
CountryJapan
StateHokkaidō
Physical characteristics
SourceMount Ishikari
MouthSea of Japan
 - elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Length268 km (167 mi)
Basin size14,330 km2 (5,530 sq mi)
Discharge 
 - average468 m3/s (16,500 cu ft/s)
The Ishikari River at the north of Sapporo

The Ishikari River (石狩川, Ishikari-gawa), at 268 kilometres (167 mi)[1] long, is the third longest in Japan and the longest in Hokkaidō. The river drains an area of 14,330 square kilometres (5,530 sq mi),[1] making it the second largest in Japan, with a total discharge of around 14.8 cubic kilometres (3.6 cu mi) per year.

It originates from Mount Ishikari in the Daisetsuzan Volcanic Group and flows through Asahikawa and Sapporo. Major tributaries of the river include the Chūbetsu, Uryū, Sorachi and Toyohira rivers. Until 40,000 years ago, it flowed into the Pacific Ocean near Tomakomai. Lava from the volcanic Shikotsu mountains dammed the river and moved its mouth to the Ishikari Bay.

The name of the river is derived from the Ainu for "make(s) itself go round about something" (i-si-kari < kari meaning "(to be a) circle, round, loop; spin, turn, go around, go back and forth," si- "reflexive prefix, itself, oneself," and i- "it, something, an impersonal third person object marking prefix, middle voice inflection prefix), i.e. "winding (river)." As it suggests, the river once meandered in the Ishikari plain and was as long as the Shinano River, the longest river in Japan. Massive construction shortened the river by 100 kilometers and left many oxbow lakes (三日月湖, mikatsuki ko, lit. crescent moon lake) in the plain.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 石狩川 (in Japanese). Ministry of Land,Infrastructure and Transport and Tourism Hokkaido Regional Development Bureau. Archived from the original on 2009-04-01. Retrieved 2009-05-04.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°28′49″N 141°52′10″E / 43.48028°N 141.86944°E / 43.48028; 141.86944