Ishkoman Valley

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The Ishkoman (اݰقامون)valley lies in the north of Pakistan in Gilgit-Baltistan, bordering Afghanistan and the Pamir Wakhan Corridor.

Political status[edit]

Administratively, Ishkoman valley constitutes a Tehsil of Ghizer District. It is located at a range of altitudes, from 7,000 to 12,000 feet (2,100 to 3,700 m). The valley consists of 20 villages, with a total population of 30,000 inhabitants. Three major languages are spoken here: Wakhi, Khowar, Shina and Burushaski.

History[edit]

In 1888, the Mehtar of Chitral annexed the valley, and it remained under the rule of the Katoor Dynasty until 1895. After this, British Gilgit Agency annexed the area as a province and installed Mir Ali Mardan Shah as governor. Mardan Shah was a former ruler in the Wakhan Corridor, who later migrated into Chitral and made kinship with the royal family. The ruling family of Chitral granted him Ishkoman valley in 1892 as gift to her son-in-law. Mardan Shah ruled this valley till 1924. He died in silpi village, while he was going to a meeting at Gilgit.

After the death of Mardan Shah, Mir Baz Khan was assigned as governor of Ishkoman. He was a retired Subidar in the British Army. He served for more than 10 years, from 1924 to 1934 at which point he was transferred to Yasin valley as governor. Hussain Ali Khan succeeded Mir Baz Khan as governor, ruling from 1934 to 1938. Sultan Murad Khan (Khuswaqt) came here as new governor. He ruled on this valley from 1938 to 1951, encompassing Pakistan's independence from the British Empire.After his death Sultan Ghazi Khan the younger brother of Sultan Murad Khan become the governor/Mehter of the Ishkoman state and Shah faqir(khyber Dynasty) was Wazir of the state till 1972.

From 1947 until 1972, the area was subject to the Frontier Crimes Regulations under Pakistans federal government.[clarification needed] With the conclusion of the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, Ishkoman came fully under the influence of Pakistan, and Chator Khand was named as the capital of the region.

Geography[edit]

Ishkoman is a high mountain valley in the Hindukush and Karakorum mountains, in the northwest region of Gilgit in the Gilgit-Baltistan of Pakistan. It is situated at a distance of almost 140 kilometres (90 mi) from Gilgit. Ishkoman is connected to the Yasin Valley and Chipursan (in Gojal Hunza) valley by a high mountain pass.

The natural beauty of the valley makes it a popular tourist destination.

Villages[edit]

Villages within Ishkoman Valley include:

  • Chator khand
  • Kochdeh
  • Dain
  • Amin abad
  • Pakora Balla and Pain
  • Sholja
  • Shonas (Rahimabad)
  • BarJungle
  • Gish gish Balla and Pain
  • Dawoodabad
  • Dalti
  • Faiz Abad
  • Gotolti
  • Immit (Capital of Ishkoman at that time)

Immit is a big village in Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan, situated just after Gishgish. It has situated 112 and 45 km upstream from Gilgit and Ghakuch respectively. It has consist of EIGHT parts one is known as IMMIT EENTER, SULTANABAD, SHALIABAD, NASIRABAD, MUJAWER, RAHMATABAD 1 RAHMATABAD 2 AND SHAMSABAD. The inhabitants of IMMIT SULTANABAD belongs to Ayashu family of Hunza. The Successors of Mir Jamal Khan, elder son of Mir Saleem Khan. A peculiar history is attached with this village in connection with Ayashu family of Hunza. Mir Jamal Khan, was got married with the daughter of Mir Fateh Ali Shah (Ruler of Wakhan). Mir Jamal Khan was murdered as a result of conspiracy for the thrown of Hunza. Mir Bakhtiar Khan son of Mir Jamal Khan, he was child at that time, migrated to Ishkoman valley when his cousin Mir Shah Ali Mardan became the first governor of Ishkoman in 1892. Sine 1892 the successors of Mir Jamal Khan settled in IMMIT SULTANABD and GISHGISH BALA, Ishkoman valley. Mosts of the people are educated and serving in different institution throughout the country and due to this it is included among the economically stable village in the valley according to AKRSP survey. Immit is famous for its fertile soil especially for wheat and potato production. Immit is multicultural village and nine languages are spoken over there.

  • Bilhaz
  • Barswat
  • Borth
  • Mohtaramdan
  • Sukhtar abad
  • Ishkoman proper
  • Jalalabad
  • Koramber
  • Kot
  • Moninabad
  • Thapushkin

Language[edit]

The primary language of Ishkoman area is the Shina, khowar, Wakhi, Brosheski, gujori, kohestani, kahsghari, percion, Urdu, english and Arabic. While Khowar is spoken in all the villages throughout the Ishkoman as spoken in Chitral valley. The Wakhi language, which is also spoken in Gojal Hunza, is spoken from Barjungle to Pak-Afghan border.

Demographics[edit]

With the arrival of Tajik's from neighbouring Tajikistan, a sizeable number of the population speaks Tajik as well. They have migrated mostly due to better economic conditions in Pakistan and have set up numerous shops and colonies in Ishkoman[citation needed].

See also[edit]