Isidore Gukovsky

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Isidor Gukovsky
Исидор Гуковский
People's Commissar for Finance of the RSFSR
In office
21 March – 16 August 1918
Premier Vladimir Lenin
Preceded by Vyacheslav Menzhinsky
Succeeded by Nikolay Krestinsky
Personal details
Born 1871
Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Died 1921
Moscow, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
Political party Russian Communist Party (bolsheviks)

Isidor Emmanuilovich Gukovsky (Russian: Исидор Эммануилович Гуковский 1871–1921) was the People's Commissar of Finance following the Russian Revolution.

Isidor was the son of a merchant, who became a chemist's assistant. In 1898, he started participating in the Group of Workers Revolutionaries. He later became a Menshevik.He was imprisoned for inciting the Izhorskiye workers to strike. In 1904 he went to Baku, and used the name Theodor Izmaylovich for his political work. By 1906 he was secretary of the newspaper New Life. He then went to Odessa before travelling abroad. In 1907, he returned to Russia, was arrested, again brought to trial but acquitted (1908). He settled in Moscow. After the October Revolution he became a Bolshevik and was appointed finance minister, then plenipotentiary representative of Russia in Estonia. In autumn 1921, he died of pneumonia.


Political offices
Preceded by
Vyacheslav Menzhinsky
People's Commissar for Finance of the RSFSR
March 1918 – 16 August 1918
Succeeded by
Nikolai Krestinsky
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Nikoly Klyshko
Plenipotentiary Representative of the Soviet Union in Estonia
Succeeded by
Leonid Stark