Iskandar Puteri

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Iskandar Puteri
City of Iskandar Puteri
Bandaraya Iskandar Puteri
Other transcription(s)
 • Jawiإسكندر ڤوتري
 • Chinese依斯干达公主城
 • Tamilஇசுகண்டார் புத்திரி
From top, left to right:
The Dato' Jaafar Muhammad Building in Kota Iskandar, Legoland Malaysia Resort, Medini Iskandar, the Kota Iskandar Mosque, and the Sultan Ismail Building
Flag of Iskandar Puteri
Flag
Official seal of Iskandar Puteri
Seal
Location of Iskandar Puteri in Johor
Iskandar Puteri is located in Malaysia
Iskandar Puteri
Iskandar Puteri
   Iskandar Puteri in    Malaysia
Iskandar Puteri is located in Asia
Iskandar Puteri
Iskandar Puteri
Iskandar Puteri (Asia)
Iskandar Puteri is located in Earth
Iskandar Puteri
Iskandar Puteri
Iskandar Puteri (Earth)
Coordinates: 01°25′20″N 103°39′00″E / 1.42222°N 103.65000°E / 1.42222; 103.65000Coordinates: 01°25′20″N 103°39′00″E / 1.42222°N 103.65000°E / 1.42222; 103.65000
Sovereign stateMalaysia Malaysia
RegionPeninsular
StateJohor Johor
DistrictJohor Bahru
Established16 April 2009 (as Kota Iskandar)
City status22 November 2017[1]
Government
 • Local AuthorityIskandar Puteri City Council
 • State GovernmentJohor State Legislative Assembly
 • Parliament of MalaysiaIskandar Puteri and Pulai
Area
 • Total367.4 km2 (141.9 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total529,074 (6th)
Time zoneUTC+8 (Malaysian Standard Time)
 • Summer (DST)Not observed
Postal code
79xxx
Area code(s)+607
Websitewww.mbip.gov.my

Iskandar Puteri is a city in Johor Bahru District, Johor, Malaysia.[3] Situated along the Straits of Johor at the southern end of the Malay Peninsula, it is also the southernmost city in Peninsular Malaysia(and thus the southernmost city of continental Eurasia). Iskandar Puteri is adjacent to the city of Johor Bahru, both anchoring Malaysia's third largest urban agglomeration, Iskandar Malaysia, with a population of 1.8 million[4]

History[edit]

Sempit Puteri[edit]

Historically, the area around present-day Iskandar Puteri consisted of mostly fishing villages, populated by Malays and Orang Laut tribes. Located at the western side of the Tebrau Strait, the area was once known as Sempit Puteri (lit. narrow princess) as it was facing the narrowest part of the Tebrau Straits.

In 1855, when Temenggong Daeng Ibrahim won his claim over the Johor throne, he relocated the capital city of the now-divided kingdom from Telok Blangah (Singapore) to Tanjung Puteri and renamed it as Iskandar Puteri[5] The name was however short-lived, when his son Maharaja Abu Bakar, the first Sultan of Modern Johor, renamed Tanjung Puteri as Johor Bahru upon his coronation as the Maharaja of Johor in 1868 to distinguish his dynasty from the old Sultanate of Johor.[6]

During Maharaja Abu Bakar's reign, Jaafar Muhammad was appointed as the first Menteri Besar of Johor. According to a story from Yayasan Warisan Johor, during his journey to Sempit Puteri, the paddle of the sampan that Dato Jaafar was boarding, broke. That event gave the place its new name Gelang Patah (lit. broken paddle).

As many as eight local councils (majlis tempatan) were set up in the 1950s and 1960s to overseeing municipal works in the area.[7] The smaller local councils were merged in March 1978 and replaced by the Central Johor Bahru District Council (Majlis Daerah Johor Bahru Tengah, MDJBT), as the local authority in Johor Bahru's western and northern suburban areas, while MBJB administers downtown Johor Bahru. MDJBT was granted municipal status in 2001.

Nusajaya[edit]

In 1993, during the leadership of the fourth Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad, a plan for a second bridge connecting the Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore was brought forward by Halim Saad, who at the time known as a successful young entrepreneur who built the Malaysia longest highway, North-South Expressway, and apprentice to the former Minister of Finance Daim Zainuddin. The cabinet approved the project as the traffic at the then Johor Causeway was already over-congested. The new bridge had been connected from the NSE via Second Link to Jurong East of Singapore. His past experience enabled Halim to secure financing from Bank via his company Renong Berhad (currently UEM Sunrise Berhad) to acquire vast land along with the Second Link for his ambitious new township which later known as Nusajaya. The Nusajaya name was given by former Menteri Besar of Johor, Muhyiddin Yassin. Nusajaya was very well planned township and won many awards for its sustainable masterplan.[citation needed] Nusajaya become synonym with Johor Bahru Tengah and latter gave the name to the city.[citation needed]

Iskandar Puteri[edit]

In January 2016, Nusajaya was renamed to its former prestige name, Iskandar Puteri by Sultan Ibrahim, current Sultan of Johor. Johor Bahru Tengah Municipal Council was upgraded to Iskandar Puteri City Council on 22 November 2017.[1]

Government[edit]

Locations of Iskandar Puteri and its suburbs

Iskandar Puteri is administered by the Iskandar Puteri City Council. It houses Kota Iskandar, the administrative centre for the government of Johor State. It houses the Johor State Legislative Assembly and Johor Chief Minister's Office. Mahkota Square also located here.[8]

Due to electoral division by Election Commission of Malaysia, there are four parliamentary and eight state constituencies (DUN) dividing Iskandar Puteri area. There are (P161) Pulai parliamentary seat, (N46) and (P162) Iskandar Puteri parliamentary seat. Eight state seats are Perling state seat;(N48) Skudai state seat and (N49) Kota Iskandar state seat along with partial Kulai (Bukit Batu for Ulu Choh and Senai for UTM) and Tebrau (Puteri Wangsa for Maju Jaya).

Administrative divisions[edit]

Medini 9, Medini Iskandar
Administrative zones of MBIP

Iskandar Puteri consists of 11 administrative zones:[9]

Demographics[edit]

Iskandar Puteri is one of the cities in Malaysia. It is the second largest city in Johor. As of 2010, the municipal area of Iskandar Puteri has a population of 515,462.[11] It ranks as the seventh most populous urban centre in Malaysia (2010).[11]

The following is based on Department of Statistics Malaysia 2010 census.[11]

Ethnic groups in Iskandar Puteri, 2010
Ethnicity Population Percentage
Chinese 225,178 43.68%
Bumiputera 179,609 34.84%
Indian 64,997 12.61%
Others 2,876 0.56%
Non-Malaysian 42,802 8.30%

Education[edit]

EduCity is a 600-acre (2.4 km²) educational area, which consists of the University of Southampton Malaysia Campus, Newcastle University Medicine Malaysia, University of Reading, Multimedia University, Raffles University, Netherlands Maritime Institute of Technology, Management Development Institute of Singapore, Stellar International School, Marlborough College Malaysia and Raffles American School.[12] Other universities in the city are University of Technology, Malaysia and Southern University College.

Tourist attraction[edit]

Puteri Harbour & Forest City is a marina development that spans 687 acres (2.8 km²) on the Straits of Johor. Sanrio Hello Kitty Town and Thomas Town were also located at Puteri Harbour.[13]

Legoland Malaysia is one of the main attractions of Johor state, it is a 5,500,000 sq ft (510,000 m2) integrated complex containing the Legoland Malaysia and Legoland Water Park theme parks, plus a lifestyle retail centre, offices, hotels, service apartments and residential units. The main theme park includes 70 hands-on rides, slides, shows distributed among the LEGO Technic, LEGO Kingdoms, Imagination, Land of Adventure, LEGO City and MINILAND areas. Another attraction is the Legoland Hotel.[14]

Shopping malls in the city are Paradigm Mall JB, B5 Johor Street Market, ÆON Bukit Indah, AEON Taman Universiti, GP Mall, Mall of Medini, Perling Mall, Sunway Big Box, Sutera Mall, Tasek Central and many more.

FASTrack City will open in 2019.

In March 2019, works on a new marina in Puteri Harbour kicked off, as a joint venture between SUTL Enterprise and UEM Sunrise.[15][16] The first phase of the ONE°15 Marina Puteri Harbour[17] membership was launched in November 2020, with the opening of ONE°15 Estuari Sports Centre.[18][19] Johor Tourism, Youth and Sports Committee chairman, Datuk Onn Hafiz Bin Ghazi was the guest of honour at the opening launch. The integrated sports complex was launched with the intent to introduce a world-class sporting venue in Johor with the potential to host national and international sporting events.[20][21]

Iskandar Puteri Residences[edit]

Townships such as Gerbang Nusajaya, Casa Almyra, Nusa Sentral, Taman Universiti, Nusa Indah, Taman Nusa Bestari Jaya, Bestari Heights, East Ledang, Estuari, Ledang Heights, Nusa Idaman, Nusa Bayu, Nusa Bestari, Nusa Bestari 2, Nusa Duta, Bukit Indah, Horizon Hills and Sunway Iskandar are located within this zone.[citation needed]

Transportation[edit]

Sea[edit]

Puteri Harbour International Ferry Terminal

The Port of Tanjung Pelepas, which ranks as Malaysia's largest container port since 2004 lies in the western side of the city. It is the 19th busiest container port in the world as of 2013. Iskandar Puteri houses the Puteri Harbour International Ferry Terminal, with destinations to cities in Indonesia.[22]

Rail[edit]

The planning  HSR  Kuala Lumpur-Singapore High Speed Rail also will serve the city at Gerbang Nusajaya in the future.[23][24] On 29 March 2021, Malaysia compensated Singapore S$102.8 million, with the settlement representing the complete termination of the project and bilateral agreement.[25]

Road[edit]

Within Johor, the Iskandar Coastal Highway and Pasir Gudang Highway links the city to Johor Bahru City, while the Tanjung Kupang Road links the city to Pontian District. The Second Link Expressway and North–South Expressway connect the city to the other states in Peninsular Malaysia.

The Malaysia–Singapore Second Link was built between Kampong Ladang at Tanjung Kupang, Johor and Jalan Ahmad Ibrahim at Tuas, Singapore. The bridge was built to reduce the traffic congestion at the Johor–Singapore Causeway and was opened to traffic on 2 January 1998. The twin-deck bridge supports a dual-three lane carriageway and its total length over water is 1,920 m.[26]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "JB central municipal council to be upgraded to city council status - Nation - The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my.
  2. ^ "【今日柔佛頭條】新山 巴西古當 管轄範圍擴大 4地方政府完成邊界劃分". China Press.
  3. ^ hermesauto (7 December 2015). "Johor's administrative capital Nusajaya to be renamed Iskandar Puteri".
  4. ^ "Iskandar Malaysia Key Economic Statistics". Iskandar Regional Development Authority. Iskandar Malaysia. Archived from the original on 2 December 2014. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  5. ^ "Nusajaya is now Iskandar Puteri - Metro News - The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my.
  6. ^ "History of the Johor Sultanate". 22 January 2015. Archived from the original on 2 July 2015. Retrieved 11 October 2017.
  7. ^ "Latar Belakang". Retrieved 22 October 2020.
  8. ^ "Nusajaya City - The World In One City". www.nusajayacity.com.
  9. ^ "ArcGIS Web Application". onemap.mbip.gov.my.
  10. ^ http://www.mbip.gov.my/ms/mpjbt/pengurusan/profil-ahli-majlis
  11. ^ a b c "Population Distribution by Local Authority Areas and Mukims, 2010" (PDF). Department of Statistics Malaysia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 February 2012.
  12. ^ "Inside Educity Iskandar: a university partnership in Malaysia". 8 May 2012. Retrieved 29 October 2015.
  13. ^ "Mega Yacht & Boat Services in Johor - Puteri Harbour Marina Malaysia".
  14. ^ "About LEGOLAND - LEGOLAND® Malaysia Resort". www.legoland.com.my.
  15. ^ hermes (15 March 2019). "Work on new marina in Johor starts, membership sales kick off". The Straits Times. Retrieved 17 December 2020.
  16. ^ Mui, Rachel (14 March 2019). "SUTL Enterprise, UEM Sunrise begin construction of new marina in Johor". The Business Times. Retrieved 17 December 2020.
  17. ^ "Estuari Sports Centre". ONE°15 Marina Puteri Harbour. Retrieved 17 December 2020.
  18. ^ Isk, The; arian (6 November 2020). "ONE°15 Estuari Sports Centre Now Open". The Iskandarian. Retrieved 17 December 2020.
  19. ^ "Sports centre launched in Iskandar Puteri | The Star". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 17 December 2020.
  20. ^ 833606606777558. "Sports centre launched in Iskandar Puteri". news.nestia.com. Retrieved 17 December 2020.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  21. ^ "ONE°15 Estuari Sports Centre officially opens today". Edgeprop.my. Retrieved 17 December 2020.
  22. ^ "Puteri Harbour". www.puteriharbourmarina.com. Archived from the original on 26 December 2017. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  23. ^ "Gerbang Nusajaya – The Gateway To Iskandar Malaysia - UEM Sunrise Berhad". 8 April 2015. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  24. ^ "UEM Sunrise and Nusajaya Tech Park hosted the inaugural high-speed rail seminar". Archived from the original on 17 November 2017. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  25. ^ Baharudin, Hariz (29 March 2021). "Malaysia reimburses S'pore $102.8 million for costs incurred in terminated HSR project". The Straits Times. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
  26. ^ Singapore, National Library Board. "Second Link - Infopedia". eresources.nlb.gov.sg.

External links[edit]