There are varying opinions on the permissibility of masturbation (Arabic: استمناء, translit.istimnā’). It is forbidden in Shi'a jurisprudence. It is considered haram according to the Malikimadhhab. The Hanafimadhhab has a more permissive outlook. According to Ibn Hazm and the Hanbalimadhhab, it is halal (permissible) only under two conditions: first, the fear of committing fornication or adultery, and second, not having the means to marry.