Islam and masturbation

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‘Istimna (استمناء) is the Arabic term for masturbation.

Conception[edit]

There are varying opinions on its permissibility. It is forbidden in the Twelver school of Shia Islam and all of its associated subdivisions.[1] It is considered haram according to the Maliki madhhab. The Hanafi madhhab has a more permissive outlook. According to Ibn Hazm and the Hanbali madhhab, it is halal (permissible) only under two conditions: first, the fear of committing fornication or adultery, and second, not having the means to marry.[2][3] Various scholarly thoughts concluding it being halal include the following:

Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya, a 14th century Sunni Islamic scholar:[4]

Next, he cites the opinion of Ibn Aqil on the conditions that make masturbation halaal:[4]

And afterwards, Ibn al-Qayyim said:[4]

Those of the view that it is haraam:

Some have quoted one (1) narration from Ahmad ibn Hanbal.[5]

Qur'an[edit]

The Quran itself is silent on the subject of masturbation. However, scholars have quoted certain ayats that they claim states that masturbation is forbidden.

Ibn Kathir, a 14th century Sunni Islamic scholar that al-Shafi‘i and those who have agreed with him have concluded that masturbation is haram from the above verse. He says, "Masturbation is excluded from these two types which Allah has made Halaal, viz. wives and slave-girls".[5]

Under the exegis of this verse, Qadi Thanaullah Panipati writes, "Imam Baghawi has deduced from this Aayat that masturbation is haram."[5]


Hadith[edit]

Some hadith that are quoted to in support of masturbation being haram include:

A narration attributed to Abdullah ibn Masud reports:

However, Muhammad (صلي الله عليه وسلم) recommended fasting and did not mention masturbation.

Ibn Kathir wrote in volume 5 p. 458:[5]

A narration attributed to Hasan ibn Arfah reports:

It is worth pointing out that Ibn Kathir's works are an interpretative commentary and not a part of the Quran itself.

This is a Daeef(Weak) Hadith[6]

Other quoted material include from Tafsir al-Mazhari vol. 12 p. 94:[5]

A narration attributed to Anas ibn Malik reports:

Quoted from the Tabi‘un

A narration attributed to Sa'id ibn Jubayr reports:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marriage and Morals in Islam
  2. ^ The Lawful And The Prohibited In Islam, Yusuf Al-Qardawi - 1997
  3. ^ The New Arab Man: Emergent Masculinities, Technologies, and Islam in the Midle East, p 168, Marcia C. Inhorn - 2012
  4. ^ a b c Bida al-Fawaid ref
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Is masturbation Haram in Islam? What are the things to control this act
  6. ^ Musalma bin Jafar and his teacher Hassan bin Hameed both are Daeef(weak)