Islam in Cuba
|Islam by country|
According to a 2011 Pew Research Center report, there were then 10,000 Muslims in Cuba who constitute 0.1% of the population. As of 2012, most of the 10,000 Cuban Muslims were converts to the religion.
At a certain point there were many Muslim students entering the nation of Cuba interested in studying at Cuba's prestigious schools. The number of students was approximately 1500-2000. That group included students of Pakistani origin, among others. It is known that the dominant population that went to study at Cuba was the Pakistani students who were about 936 in strength. In 2001, Sheikh Muhammad bin Nassir Al-Aboudy, the Assistant Secretary-General of the Muslim World League (MWL) travelled to Cuba to obtain permission from the Cuban authorities to establish an Islamic organization that would support Cuba’s Muslim community. Among the other aims of the proposed organization would be constructing mosques and the dissemination of Islamic culture among Muslims.
Cuban Muslims learned Islam through embassies of Middle Eastern countries as well as through students coming to study in Cuba from Muslim countries. Islam started to spread among Cubans in the 1970s and '80s. Printed and audio-visual Islamic resources are now almost nonexistent in Cuba. Spanish translation of the Quran and other major Islamic books are not available in the country. The Muslim community of Cuba even lacks educated religious cadres.
There is now a masjid in Old Havana open to everyone for all daily prayers. Elsewhere, Cuba’s Muslims usually pray in their homes. Although former President Fidel Castro was reported to have promised to build a mosque for his country’s Muslims, according to members of the Humanitarian Aid Foundation (IHH) who visited Cuba,. In the past, the only prayers performed in public were the Friday Prayers that were conducted in a place known as Casa de los Árabes ("The Arab House") in old Havana. The Arab House belonged to a wealthy Arab immigrant who lived in Cuba during the 1940s, and it was built on Andalusian architectural designs. The House encompasses an Arab museum and restaurant. Qatar donated US$40,000 for the remodeling of the House, but it was only opened for Friday prayers..
There are two Islamic groups in Cuba: the Cuban Islamic Union, which is headed by its president, Imam Yahya Pedro, and Cuban Association for the Diffusion of Islam, which is headed by its president, Abu Duyanah.
Other Sunnis are concentrated in the Malcolm X Center, in the home of the Muslim Hassan AbdulGafur, in Cerro, in Havana. Hassan AbdulGafur was the first to form an Islamic organization in Cuba in 1994.
- Alí Nicolás Cossío - Former foreign ministry official who now reports for the "Voice of Islam", a radio station
- Juan Carlos Gómez - Professional boxer and former Cruiserweight Champion
- http://pewforum.org/uploadedfiles/Topics/Demographics/muslimspopulation.pdf[permanent dead link]
- John Andrew Morrow (15 Mar 2012). Religion and Revolution: Spiritual and Political Islam in Ernesto Cardenal. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 116. ISBN 9781443838337.
- http://www.worldbulletin.net/news_detail.php?id=28195[permanent dead link]
- "Islam in Cuba". islamawareness.net.
- "Quiénes Somos?" (in Spanish). 2016-01-14. Retrieved 2018-04-25.
- "¿Cómo celebran los musulmanes cubanos el Ramadán?" (in Spanish). 2016-01-14. Retrieved 2018-04-25.
- "Some Cubans are converting to Islam". islamawareness.net.
- KUSUMO, Fitra Ismu. ISLAM EN AMERICA LATINA Tomo I: La expansión del Islam y su llegada a América Latina (Spanish Edition).
- KUSUMO, Fitra Ismu. ISLAM EN AMÉRICA LATINA Tomo II: Migración Árabe a América Latina y el caso de México (Spanish Edition).
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- Practicing Islam in Catholic Cuba (includes photos), by Benazir Wehelie, Special to CNN