Islam in North Macedonia

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Religious structure of Macedonia by settlements 2002. Muslims (green), Orthodox Christian (blue)
Map of the muftiships of North Macedonia.

Muslims in North Macedonia represent one third of the nation's total population,[2][3] making Islam the second most widely professed religion in the country. Muslims in North Macedonia follow Sunni Islam of the Hanafi madhhab. Some northwestern and western regions of the country have Muslim majorities. A large majority of all the Muslims in the country are ethnic Albanians, with the rest being primarily Turks, Romani, Bosniaks or Torbeš.

Population[edit]

Ethnicity[edit]

The Šarena Džamija, built in 1438, is a mosque in Tetovo.

Albanian Muslims, forming roughly 25% of the nation's total population and most of the Muslim population, live mostly in the Polog and western regions of the country. The Turks, who make up about 4% of the country's total population, are scattered throughout the country, but mostly in major cities, as are Roma Muslims. Bosniaks are mostly concentrated within Skopje. Muslims of Macedonian ethnicity number roughly 40,000 to 100,000 and can be found in the western part of North Macedonia in the Centar Župa, Debar, Struga and Plasnica areas.[4]

Population of North Macedonia according to ethnic affiliation in 1981 and 2002
Ethnic group Population 1981 Population 2002
Albanians 377,208[5][6] 509,083[6][7]
Turks 86,591[5][6] 77,959[6][7]
Romani 43,125[5][6] 53,879[6][7]
Macedonian Muslims 39,513[6] 2,553[6][8]
Bosniaks 17,018[6][7]

Historical population[edit]

The following table shows the Muslim population and percentage for each given year. The Muslim percentage in North Macedonia generally decreased from 1904 to 1961 but began to rise again due to high fertility rate among Muslim families, reaching 33.33% in 2002. According to the 2002 Census, 46.5% of the children aged 0–4 were Muslim.[9] In 2010, 39.3% of the population were Muslim.[10][11] Islam is predicted to be become the largest religion in the country by 2050, with over half of the country's population adhering to the faith.[12]

Year Muslim population Muslim percentage
1904 634,000[13] 36.76%
1912 384,000[13] 33.47%
1921 269,000[13] 31.43%
1948 314,603[13] 27.29%
1953 388,515[13] 29.78%
1961 338,200[13] 24.05%
1971 414,176[13] 25.14%
1981 546,437[13] 28.62%
1991 611,326[13] 30.06%
1994 581,203[13][14] 30.04%
2002 674,015[13][9] 33.33%
2010 808,512 39.3%[10][11]

Geographical distribution[edit]

Municipality Population (2002) Muslims (2002) Percentage (%)
Tetovo 70,841 49,927 70.5%
Gostivar 49,545 36,045 72.8%
Centar 82,604 34,325 41.6%
Čair 68,395 32,877 48.1%
Kumanovo 103,205 31,758 30.8%
Lipkovo 27,058 26,351 97.4%
Želino 24,390 24,210 99.3%
Saraj 24,253 22,768 93.9%
Tearce 22,454 19,508 86.9%
Struga 36,892 18,967 51.4%
Debar 17,952 17,083 95.2%
Studeničani 17,246 16,828 97.6%
Negotino-Pološko 16,813 16,720 99.4%
Gazi Baba 72,222 15,968 22.1%
Šuto Orizari 17,357 15,231 87.8%
Bogovinje 14,555 14,445 99.2%
Kamenjane 14,442 14,365 99.5%
Kičevo 30,138 13,703 45.5%
Čegrane 12,310 11,967 97.2%
Zajas 11,605 11,303 97.4%
Kondovo 11,155 11,047 99.0%
Aračinovo 11,992 10,925 91.1%
Oslomej 10,425 10,260 98.4%
Veles 57,602 9,786 17.0%
Brvenica 15,855 9,781 61.7%
Rostuša 9,451 8,940 94.6%
Velešta 8,156 8,072 99.0%
Labuništa 8,935 8,061 90.2%
Dolna Banjica 9,467 7,847 82.9%
Džepčište 7,919 7,789 98.4%
Šipkovica 7,820 7,783 99.5%
Delogoždi 7,884 7,724 98.0%
Ohrid 54,380 7,684 14.1%
Vrapčište 8,586 7,525 87.6%
Bitola 86,408 7,043 8.2%
Dolneni 11,583 6,688 57.7%
Centar Župa 6,299 6,215 98.7%
Vrutok 5,999 5,159 86.0%
Kisela Voda 125,379 4,654 3.7
Plasnica 4,545 4,465 98.2%
Prilep 73,351 4,393 6.0%
Radoviš 24,498 4,341 17.7%
Resen 16,825 3,927 23.3%
Đorče Petrov 41,490 3,792 9.1%
Srbinovo 3,709 3,593 96.9%
Petrovec 8,255 3,564 43.2%
Štip 47,796 3,555 7.4%
Karpoš 59,810 3,107 5.2%
Strumica 45,087 3,038 6.7%
Kruševo 9,684 2,514 26.0%
Јegunovce 7,227 2,511 34.7%
Sopište 9,522 2,310 24.3%
Kočani 33,689 2,273 6.7%
Vasilevo 12,122 2,196 18.1%
Vratnica 3,563 2,181 61.2%
Čučer-Sandevo 8,493 1,954 23.0%
Žitoše 2,128 1,917 90.1%
Zelenikovo 4,077 1,491 36.6%
Vinica 17,914 1,489 8.3%
Valandovo 11,890 1,355 11.4%
Bistrica 5,042 1,320 26.2%
Kavadarci 38,391 1,161 3.0%
Čaška 2,878 1,006 35.0%
Murtino 6,544 953 14.6%
Negotino 19,212 912 4.7%
Topolčani 2,923 859 29.4%
Gradsko 3,760 815 21.7%
Delčevo 17,505 773 4.4%
Ilinden 15,894 748 4.7%
Karbinci 4,012 729 18.2%
Pehčevo 5,517 702 12.7%
Bosilovo 12,457 618 5.0%
Berovo 13,941 556 4.0%
Kriva Palanka 20,820 530 2.5%
Konče 3,536 521 14.7%
Star Dojran 3,426 483 14.1%
Drugovo 3,249 448 13.8%
Mavrovi Anovi 984 415 42.2%
Demir Kapija 4,545 409 9.0%
Capari 1,424 320 22.5%
Vraneštica 1,322 287 21.7%
Demir Hisar 7,178 280 3.9%
Lozovo 2,858 253 8.9%
Dobruševo 2,174 218 10.0%
Kukliš 4,449 203 4.6%
Makedonski Brod 5,588 182 3.3%
Kratovo 10,441 173 1.7%
Mešeišta 2,567 163 6.3%
Sveti Nikole 18,497 159 0.9%
Kukurečani 2,511 69 2.7%
Bogdanci 8,707 60 0.7%
Gevgelija 20,362 51 0.3%
Probištip 12,765 49 0.4%
Bogomila 1,252 48 3.8%
Novaci 2,478 48 1.9%
Mogila 4,536 48 1.1%
Lukovo 1,509 43 2.8%
Rankovce 4,144 26 0.6%
Makedonska Kamenica 2,567 23 0.9%
Podareš 3,746 13 0.3%
Krivogaštani 6,007 8 0.1%
Novo Selo 11,966 8 0.1%
Rosoman 4,141 6 0.1%
Belčišta 2,940 4 0.1%
Konopište 350 3 0.9%
Vevčani 2,433 3 0.1%
Staro Nagoričane 4,258 3 0.1%
Staravina 316 1 0.3%
Bač 755 1 0.1%
Izvor 1,049 1 0.1%
Orašac 1,252 1 0.1%
Sopotnica 2,319 1 0.0%
Miravci 2,626 1 0.0%
Orizari 4,403 1 0.0%
Obleševo 5,071 1 0.0%
Zletovo 3,428 0 0.0%
Zrnovci 3,264 0 0.0%
Češinovo 2,419 0 0.0%
Blatec 2,024 0 0.0%
Klečevce 1,609 0 0.0%
Samokov 1,553 0 0.0%
Kosel 1,369 0 0.0%
Vitolište 494 0 0.0%
Macedonia (total) 2,022,547 674,015 33.3%

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Religious Composition by Country, 2010-2050". Pew Research Center. 12 April 2015. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
  2. ^ "naslovna-10PUB" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-06-22.
  3. ^ "Macedonia country profile". 22 February 2018 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  4. ^ Nielsen, Akgonul & Alibasic 2009, 221
  5. ^ a b c Ortakovski, Vladimir T. Interethnic Relations and Minorities in the Republic of Macedonia (PDF). Southeast European Politics. 2. pp. 25–45.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Macedonia, 2016, p. 67" (PDF). Republic of Macedonia, State Statistical Office. 2016. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d "Census of Pupulation, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Macedonia, 2002, p. 591" (PDF). Republic of Macedonia, State Statistical Office. 2002. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  8. ^ Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Macedonia, 2014, p. 67, Retrieved 11 December 2016
  9. ^ a b Census of Pupulation, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Macedonia, 2002, p. 518
  10. ^ a b "Religious Composition by Country, 2010-2050" in: Pew Research Center, Retrieved 10 November 2016
  11. ^ a b Republic of Macedonia, in: Pew-Templeton Global Religious Futures, Retrieved 10 November 2016
  12. ^ "The Future of World Religions: Population Growth Projections, 2010-2050". 2 April 2015.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Kettani, Houssain (2010). "Muslim Population in Europe: 1950 – 2020" (PDF). International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 1, no. 2, p. 156. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  14. ^ Coughlin, Kathryn M. (2006). Muslim Cultures Today, A Reference Guide. Greenwood Press, Westport, Connecticut, London. p. 16.