Islam in Serbia

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Bajrakli Mosque in Belgrade

The Muslims in Serbia are mostly ethnic Bosniaks, Albanians Roma and minor but significant part of Roma people as well as members of the smaller ethnic groups Muslims by nationality and Gorani.


According to 2011 census, there were 228,658 Muslims in Serbia (3.1% of total population, excluding Kosovo). Largest concentration of Muslims in Serbia could be found in the municipalities of Novi Pazar, Tutin and Sjenica in the Sandžak region, and in the municipalities of Preševo and Bujanovac in the Preševo Valley.

Muslims in Serbia (excluding Kosovo)
census 1921[1] census 1991 census 2002 census 2011
Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  %
Muslims 97,672 2.23 224,120 2.89 239,658 3.2 228,828 3.1

Muslims of Serbia are of various ethnic backgrounds:

  • Muslim Serbs, people who are ethnically Serbs, but have converted to Islam by their own intention.
  • Bosniaks and Muslims by nationality, mostly living in the Sandžak region, are South Slavs who converted to Islam during Ottoman rule.
  • Albanians, a major part of the pre-Ottoman Catholic and Orthodox Christian inhabitants of what is now Albania and part of Kosovo were converted into Islam in the 17th and 18th century.
  • Serbian-speaking Roma from Kosovo.
  • Gorani from southern Kosovo, were Christians who converted in the 18th and 19th century.


Adherents of Islam in Serbia are organized into two separate bodies, one subordinate to the Islamic Community of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the other, founded in 2007, traces its origins to the Principality of Serbia.[2] In 2012, the reis-ul-ulema Mustafa Cerić of Bosnia published a fatwa against Adem Zilkić, categorizing his actions as Masjid al-Dirar.[3]

The Islamic Community of Serbia (Islamska zajednica Srbije), with seat in Belgrade, is administered by reis-ul-ulema Adem Zilkić. It is divided into:

    • Mešihat of Serbia, with seat in Belgrade
    • Mešihat of Sandžak, with seat in Novi Pazar
    • Mešihat of Preševo, with seat in Preševo

The Islamic Community in Serbia (Islamska zajednica u Srbiji), with seat in Novi Pazar, is administered by mufti Muamer ef. Zukorlić, which include:


See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^ "Zilkić ponovo izabran" (in Serbian). Radio Television of Serbia. 13 February 2010. Retrieved 16 February 2014. 
  3. ^ "Reakcije na fetvu protiv reisa IZ Srbije" (in Bosnian). Al Jazeera Balkans. 14 November 2012. Retrieved 16 February 2014. 

External links[edit]