Islam in Slovakia

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Islam in Europe
by percentage of country population[1]
  90–100%
  70–80%
Kazakhstan
  50–70%
  30–50%
North Macedonia
  10–20%
  5–10%
  4–5%
  2–4%
  1–2%
  < 1%

In 2010, there were an estimated 6,000 Muslims in Slovakia representing fewer than 0.1% of the country's population.[2]

History[edit]

Decades after the Hungarian defeat of Mohacs (1526) Turkish troops controlled Štúrovo (Párkány) and other parts of today's southern central Slovakia and encouraged the Protestant Christian groups while Habsburg Austrian troops occupied and recatholized the northern and western parts. Later on the Turks seized some further territories in southern central Slovakia and pillaged in territories up to Nitra. Finally, however, when the Turks lost the Battle of Vienna and the Ottoman vassal Emeric Thököly was defeated in Slovakia, between 1687 and 1699 Turkish Ottoman rule in Hungary was finally broken.

Muslim demographics[edit]

Slovakia is the only member state of the European Union without a mosque.[3] In 2000, a dispute about the building of an Islamic center in Bratislava erupted: the capital's mayor refused such attempts of the Slovak Islamic Waqfs Foundation.

On 30 November 2016, Slovakia passed legislation to effectively block Islam from gaining official status as a religion in the country.[4]

Islamic Center of Cordoba in Bratislava[edit]

Islamic Center of Cordoba (Kultúrne Centrum Córdoba), is located down the Obchodná street, Bratislava. It is the only place of Muslim worship in the country under Islamic foundation in Slovakia. Even though it is an unofficial Mosque, it is open every day of the year for all daily prayers except the Fajr prayer. Friday sermon is held in Arabic, English, and Slovak, and starts Friday at 01:00 am.[clarification needed] The center is not very big, but it is enough to hold congregation prayers of about 80 to 100 people. There is a wooden podium that is used for Friday sermons, but there is no decoration with elaborated patterns as found in common mosques. The Kultúrne Centrum Córdoba has tried to attain an official mosque permit from the government, but had its proposal rejected.[5]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Religious Composition by Country, 2010-2050". Pew Research Center. 12 April 2015. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
  2. ^ Cas.sk (2010-08-11). "Na Slovensku je 5-tisíc moslimov: Bude v našej krajine mešita?". Nový Čas (in Slovak). Retrieved 2021-07-14.
  3. ^ "Slovensko je poslednou krajinou únie, kde nie je mešita". Pluska (in Slovak). 7 PLUS, s.r.o. 15 November 2014. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  4. ^ "Slovakia toughens church registration rules to bar Islam". Reuters. 2016-11-30. Retrieved 2020-09-01.
  5. ^ "Finding Slovakia's Forgotten Mosque". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2020-09-01.

External links[edit]