Islamabad Capital Territory
|Islamabad Capital Territory
|Nickname(s): Isloo, The Green City|
|• Governing body||Capital Development Authority (CDA)|
|• Chief Commissioner||Ahmed Owais Pirzada|
|• Chairman CDA||Syed Tahir Shahbaz|
|• Deputy Commissioner||Amir Ali|
|• Federal territory||906.00 km2 (349.81 sq mi)|
|• Urban||906.00 km2 (349.81 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||620 m (2,000 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||490 m (1,610 ft)|
|Population (2012 census)|
|• Federal territory||2,151,868|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
|ISO 3166 code||PK-IS|
The Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT) (Urdu: وفاقی دارالحکومت) is one of the two federal territories of Pakistan. It includes Islamabad, the capital city of Pakistan, and covers an area of 1,165.5 km2 (450 mi2) of which 906 km2 (349.8 mi2) is Islamabad proper. It is represented in the National Assembly by two constituencies, namely NA-48 and NA-49.
- 1 History
- 2 Introduction
- 3 Government
- 4 Union Councils
- 5 Area and population
- 6 Climate
- 7 Cityscape
- 8 Tribes
- 9 Islamabad/Rawalpindi Metropolitan Area
- 10 Economy
- 11 Transport
- 12 Education
- 13 See also
- 14 References
- 15 External links
In 1960, land was transferred from the Rawalpindi District of the Punjab province for the purpose of establishing Pakistan's new capital. According to the 1960 master plan, the ICT included the city of Rawalpindi, and was to be composed of the following parts:
- Rawalpindi, 259 square kilometres (100 sq mi)
- Islamabad Proper (including the institutional and industrial areas), 220.15 square kilometres (85.00 sq mi)
- Islamabad (Margalla Hills) Park, 220.15 square kilometres (85.00 sq mi)
- Islamabad Rural Area, 446.20 square kilometres (172.28 sq mi)
However, the city of Rawalpindi was eventually excluded from the ICT on its creation in the 1980s. The remainder of the territory is now subdivided into five zones, with Zone I designated to house all residential, industrial and government institutions.
|This section does not cite any references (sources). (January 2009)|
Islamabad nestles against the backdrop of the Margalla Hills at the northern end of Potohar Plateau. Its climate is healthy, relatively pollution free, plentiful in water resources and lush green. It is a modern and carefully planned residential city with wide roads and avenues, many public buildings and well-organised bazaars, markets, and shopping centres.
Islamabad is situated between the provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab but Islamabad is not a part of any province. The federal Government of Pakistan controls it and is one of the two federal Territories of Pakistan (the other being FATA) which is directly governed by the Federal Government of Pakistan.
Islamabad is administratively divided into two segments, namely Islamabad Urban and Islamabad rural. The rural area is further divided into 32 Union Councils, comprising some 133 villages, and city area is further divided into 47 Union Councils.The table below lists the 79 Union Councils, each Union Council is named after the main town.
|UC No.||Chief Town||Jurisdiction|
|01||Said Pur||Said Pur , Gokina, Talhar,|
|02||Muslim Colony||Muslim Colony (K/abadi), President Colony, G-5 (Diplomatic Area),|
|03||Noorpur Shahan||Noorpur Shahan , Ratta Hutar,|
|04||Mal Pur||Mal Pur , Romali, Nariyas, Phadu, Shahdrah Khurd, Shahdrah Kalan, Mandala, Jang Begial, Subban Syedan, Mangial, Quaid-e-Azam University,|
|05||Kot Hathial (North-I)||Kot Hathial,|
|06||Kot Hathial (North-II)||Kot Hathial,|
|07||Kot Hathial (South)||Kot Hathial|
|08||Phulgran||Phulgran , Shah Pur, Sikrila, Dohala Syedan, Bobri Petha, Chattar, Karlot, Hotran (Be-Charagh), Kathar, Chunari,|
|09||Pind Begwal||Pind Begwal , Athal, Maira Begwal, Mangal, Rakh Maira (A), Rakh Maira (B), Siali, jandala, Jand Gran, Granthian,|
|10||Tumair||Tumair, Kijnah, Simbli, Dakhain, Rakh Tumair A, Rakh Tumair B, Rakh Tumair c, Rakh Tumair D,|
|12||Bhimbar Tarar||Bhimbar Tarar, Gura Mast, Chhani Mohsoo Khan, Pind Malakan, Pindori Syeddan, Pindori Hathial, Saga, Ladhot,|
|13||Mughal||Mughal, Chak Kamdar, Nara Syeddan, Jabbi Gakhran, Sandu Syeddan, Kangota Gujran, Hon Dhamial, Chukaal, Har-Do-Gahr, Chitroh,|
|14||Sihala||Sihala, Gagri, Kangota, Sayedan, Jandala.|
|15||Rewat||Rewat, Bhangreel Kalan, Bhangreel Khurd, Kortara, Takht Pari, Shadi Dhamial, Mohra Amir, Sood Gangal, Muri Khumbal, Sheikhpur,|
|16||Humak (Swan Camp)||Humak, DHA-PH-2, Ghora Syeddan, Rajwal-Ghora Syeddan, Rajwal, Dhoke Awan-Fatima Town, Dhoke Mithoo, Kotha Kalan, Kotha Kalan (Mohra Nigial), Bamla Kanyat|
|17||Humak||Humak, Humak (Sharki), Humak (Khas), Dhoke Awan, Saran, Ara,Naizian,|
|18||Loi Bheri||Loi Bheri, Pakistan Town/Korng Town, Police Foundation, PWD-A/Block, PWD-B/Block, PWD-C/Block, PWD-D/Block, CBR Housing Society, Swan Garden, Jinnah Garden, Nevel Forum,|
|19||Pahg Panwa||Pahg Panwal, Choocha, Pahg, Panwal, Boora Bangial, Bhookar, Sher Dhamial, Pind Daia,|
|20||Kirpa||Kirpa, Dhaliala, Peja, Darwala, Khatril,|
|21||Koral||Koral, Gangal, Ghora Sardar, Suhdar, Tarlai Khurd, Khadrapur, Kartal Bhakral, Grandian,|
|22||Harno Thanda Pani||Harno Thanda Pani, Darkala, Jang Syeddan, Partal,|
|23||Khana Dak||Khana Dak,|
|24||Tarlai Kalan||Tarlai Kalan, Chhappar Mir Khanal,|
|25||Ali Pur||Ali Pur, Farash, Punjgran, Tamma, Taramri,|
|26||Mohrian||Mohrian, Jagiot,Gohra Baz and Naugazi|
|27||Sohan Dehati||Sohan Dehati, Khana Kak, Shakrial, Shakrial (Sharki),|
|28||Chak Shahzad||Chak Shahzad, Chak Bihra Shigh, Jaba Teli, Sohana, Pandori, Chhatta Bakhtawar, Bohan, Dhoke Sharaf, Mujuhan,|
|29||Malot||Malot, Kuri, Rakh Bani Gala, Rihara, Mohra jujan,|
|30||Mohra Noor||Mohra Noor, Lakhwal,|
|31||Rawal Town||Rawal Town, Rawal Colony, Mochi Mohra,|
|32||Margala Town||Margala Town, Poona Faqiran, Sumble Korak, Sumble Korak (Kachi Abadi), Ojhari Khurd, Ojhari Kalan,|
Area and population
|This section does not cite any references (sources). (January 2009)|
The city is divided into eight basic zone types: Administrative zone, Diplomatic Enclave zone, Residential Areas, Educational Sectors, Industrial Sectors, Commercial Areas, Rural Areas, Green Areas.
Each sector has its own shopping area, a green belt (which goes across the whole sector in a straight line) and public park. The population of the city is around 1,950,000 people of which 66% is urban. It has an area of about 910 square kilometres. The city lies at latitudes 33° 49' north and longitudes 72° 24' east with altitudes ranging from 457 to 610 meters.
The climate of Islamabad has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cwa), with five seasons: Winter (November–February), Spring (March and April), Summer (May and June), Rainy Monsoon (July and August) and Autumn (September and October). The hottest month is June, where average highs routinely exceed 38 °C (100.4 °F). Wettest month is July, with heavy rainfalls and evening thunderstorms with the possibility of cloudburst and flooding. Coolest Month is January. Islamabad's micro-climate is regulated by three artificial reservoirs: Rawal, Simli, and Khanpur Dam. The latter is located on the Haro River near the town of Khanpur, about 40 kilometres (25 mi) from Islamabad. Simli Dam is 30 kilometres (19 mi) north of Islamabad. 220 acres (89 ha) of the city consists of Margalla Hills National Park. Loi Bher Forest is situated along the Islamabad Highway, covering an area of 1,087 acres (440 ha). Highest monthly rainfall of 743.3 millimetres (29.26 in) was recorded during July 1995. Winters generally feature dense fog in the mornings and sunny afternoons. In the city, temperatures stay mild, with snowfall over the higher elevations points on nearby hill stations, notably Murree and Nathia Gali. The temperatures range from 13 °C (55 °F) in January to 38 °C (100 °F) in June. The highest recorded temperature was 46.6 °C (115.9 °F) on 23 June 2005 while the lowest temperature was −6 °C (21.2 °F) on 17 January 1967. The city has recorded snowfall. On 23 July 2001, Islamabad received a record breaking 620 millimetres (24 in) of rainfall in just 10 hours. It was the heaviest rainfall in Islamabad in the past 100 years and the highest rainfall in 24 hours as well.
|Climate data for Islamabad (1961–1990)|
|Record high °C (°F)||30.1
|Average high °C (°F)||17.7
|Daily mean °C (°F)||10.1
|Average low °C (°F)||2.6
|Record low °C (°F)||−3.9
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||56.1
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||195.7||187.1||202.3||252.4||311.9||300.1||264.4||250.7||262.2||275.5||247.9||195.6||2,945.8|
|Source #1: NOAA (normals)|
|Source #2: PMD (extremes)|
The main administrative authority of the city is Islamabad Capital Territory Administration (ICT) with some help from Capital Development Authority (CDA), which oversees the planning, development, construction, and administration of the city. Islamabad Capital Territory is divided into eight zones: Administrative Zone, Commercial District, Educational Sector, Industrial Sector, Diplomatic Enclave, Residential Areas, Rural Areas and Green Area. Islamabad city is divided into five major zones: Zone I, Zone II, Zone III, Zone IV, and Zone V. Out of these, Zone IV is the largest in area. Zone I consists mainly of all the developed residential sectors while Zone II consists of the under-developed residential sectors. Each residential sector is identified by a letter of the alphabet and a number, and covers an area of approximately 2 km × 2 km (1 1⁄4 mi × 1 1⁄4 mi). The sectors are lettered from A to I, and each sector is divided into four numbered sub-sectors.
Series A, B, and C are still underdeveloped. The D series has seven sectors (D-11 to D-17), of which only sector D-12 is completely developed. This series is located at the foot of Margalla Hills. The E Sectors are named from E-7 to E-17. Many foreigners and diplomatic personnel are housed in these sectors. In the revised Master Plan of the city, CDA has decided to develop a park on the pattern of Fatima Jinnah Park in sector E-14. Sectors E-8 and E-9 contain the campuses of Bahria University, Air University, and the National Defence University. The F and G series contains the most developed sectors. F series contains sectors F-5 to F-17; some sectors are still under-developed. F-5 is an important sector for the software industry in Islamabad, as the two software technology parks are located here. The entire F-9 sector is covered with Fatima Jinnah Park. The Centaurus complex will be one of the major landmarks of the F-8 sector. G sectors are numbered G-5 through G-17. Some important places include the Jinnah Convention Center and Serena Hotel in G-5, the Red Mosque in G-6, and the Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, the largest medical complex in the capital, located in G-8.
The H sectors are numbered H-8 through H-17. The H sectors are mostly dedicated to educational and health institutions. National University of Sciences and Technology covers a major portion of sector H-12. The I sectors are numbered from I-8 to I-18. With the exception of I-8, which is a well-developed residential area, these sectors are primarily part of the industrial zone. Currently two sub-sectors of I-9 and one sub-sector of I-10 are used as industrial areas. CDA is planning to set up Islamabad Railway Station in Sector I-18 and Industrial City in sector I-17. Zone III consists primarily of the Margalla Hills and Margalla Hills National Park. Rawal Lake is in this zone. Zone IV and V consist of Islamabad Park, and rural areas of the city. The Soan River flows into the city through Zone V.
While urban Islamabad is home to people from all over Pakistan as well as expatriates, in the rural areas a number of Pothohari speaking tribal communities can still be recognized. The main ones are:
Islamabad/Rawalpindi Metropolitan Area
When the master plan for Islamabad was drawn up in 1960, Islamabad and Rawalpindi, along with the adjoining areas, was to be integrated to form a large metropolitan area called Islamabad/Rawalpindi Metropolitan Area. The area would consist of the developing Islamabad, the old colonial cantonement city of Rawalpindi, and Margalla Hills National Park, including surrounding rural areas. However, Islamabad city is part of the Islamabad Capital Territory, while Rawalpindi is part of Rawalpindi District, which is part of province of Punjab .
Initially, it was proposed that the three areas would be connected by four major highways: Murree Highway, Islamabad Highway, Soan Highway, and Capital Highway. However, to date only two highways have been constructed: Kashmir Highway (the former Murree Highway) and Islamabad Highway. Plans of constructing Margalla Avenue are also underway. Islamabad is the hub all the governmental activities while Rawalpindi is the centre of all industrial, commercial, and military activities. The two cities are considered sister cities and are highly interdependent.
Star and Crescent Monument near the start of Shakarparian
Sunset over the Lake View Park
view of Blue Area, the commercial hub of the city.
Islamabad is a net contributor to the Pakistani economy, as whilst having only 0.8% of the country's population, it contributes 1% to the country's GDP. Islamabad Stock Exchange, founded in 1989, is Pakistan's third largest stock exchange after Karachi Stock Exchange and Lahore Stock Exchange. The exchange has 118 members with 104 corporate bodies and 18 individual members. The average daily turnover of the stock exchange is over 1 million shares. As of 2012, Islamabad LTU (Large Tax Unit) was responsible for Rs 371 billion in tax revenue, which amounts to 20% of all the revenue collected by Federal Board of Revenue.
Islamabad has seen an expansion in information and communications technology with the addition two Software Technology Parks, which house numerous national and foreign technological and information technology companies. The tech parks are located in Evacuee Trust Complex and Awami Markaz. Awami Markaz houses 36 IT companies while Evacuee Trust house 29 companies. Call centres for foreign companies have been targeted as another significant area of growth, with the government making efforts to reduce taxes by as much as 10% to encourage foreign investments in the information technology sector. Most of Pakistan's state-owned companies like PIA, PTV, PTCL, OGDCL, and Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. are based in Islamabad. Headquarters of all major telecommunication operators such as PTCL, Mobilink, Telenor, Ufone, and China Mobile are located in Islamabad.
- Airports: Islamabad is connected to major destinations around the world through Benazir Bhutto International Airport, previously known as Islamabad International Airport. The airport is the third largest in Pakistan and is located outside Islamabad, in Chaklala, Rawalpindi. In fiscal year 2004–2005, over 2.88 million passengers used Benazir Bhutto International Airport and 23,436 aircraft movements were registered. Islamabad Gandhara International Airport is under construction at Fateh Jang to cope with the increasing number of passengers. When completed, the airport will be the largest in Pakistan. The airport will be built at a cost of $400 million and is expected to be complete and operational by 2014. This will be the first green field airport in Pakistan with an area of 3,600-acre (15 km2).
The Rawalpindi-Islamabad Metrobus is a 24 km (14.9 mi) bus rapid transit system that serves the twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad in Pakistan. It uses dedicated bus lanes for all of its route covering 24 bus stations.
All major cities and towns are accessible through regular trains and bus services running mostly from the neighbouring city of Rawalpindi. Lahore and Peshawar are linked to Islamabad through a network of motorways, which has significantly reduced travelling times between these cities. M-2 Motorway is 367 km (228 mi) long and connect Islamabad and Lahore. M-1 Motorway connects Islamabad with Peshawar and is 155 km (96 mi) long. Islamabad is linked to Rawalpindi through the Faizabad Interchange, which has a daily traffic volume of about 48,000 vehicles.
Islamabad has the highest literacy rate of Pakistan at 85%. and also has some of Pakistan's major universities, including Quaid-i-Azam University, the International Islamic University, and the National University of Sciences and Technology and Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Private School Network Islamabad is working for private educational institutions. The president of PSN is Dr. Muhammad Afzal Babur from Bhara Kahu. PSN is divided into eight zones in Islamabad. In Tarlai Zone Chaudhary Faisal Ali from Faisal Academy Tarlai Kalan is Zonal General Sectary of PSN.
Quaid-e-Azam University has several faculties. The institute is located in a semi-hilly area, east of the Secretariat buildings and near the base of Margalla Hills. This Post-Graduate institute is spread over 1,705 acres (6.90 km2). The nucleus of the campus has been designed as an axial spine with a library as its center. Other universities include the following:
Public Sector Universities/Degree Awarding Institutes
- Bahria University
- Air University
- Quaid-e-Azam University
- Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU)
- Alkauthar Islamic University
- COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT)
- Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science & Technology (FUUAST)
- National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST)
- National Defense University, Islamabad(NDU)
- National University of Modern Languages (NUML)
- Institute of Space Technology
- International Islamic University Islamabad
- Institute of Cost and Management Accountants of Pakistan (ICMAP)
- Pakistan Institute of Development Economics (PIDE)
- Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences (PIEAS)
- Shifa College of Medicine
Private Sector Universities/Degree Awarding Institutes
- Foundation University (FUI)
- National University of Computer & Emerging Sciences(FAST-NUCES)
- Riphah International University
- Mohammad Ali Jinnah University
- University of Lahore
- Center for Advanced Studies in Engineering
- Preston University Islamabad Campus
- Iqra University Islamabad Campus
- Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology (ZABIST)
|Territory animal||Rhesus macaque|
|Territory bird||Rose-ringed parakeet|
|Territory tree||Paper mulberry|
|Territory flower||Red rose|
- Developments in Islamabad
- Capital Territory Police
- Faisal Mosque
- Islamabad Electric Supply Company
- Model Town Humak
- Berenson, Alex (2011). The Midnight House. Random House. p. 5. ISBN 978-0099536970.
- Pakistan 2012 Census Preliminary Results
- District Profile: Central Punjab - Islamabad
- Vinayak Bharne, ed. (2013). The Emerging Asian City: Concomitant Urbanities and Urbanisms. Routledge. p. 131. ISBN 978-0-415-52597-8.
- Islamabad Capital Territory Administration. Ictadministration.gov.pk. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
- "Urban growth monitoring along Islamabad Highway". GIS Development.
- "Climate Records: Islamabad". Retrieved 14 January 2012.
- "Internet Archive Wayback Machine". Web.archive.org. 13 June 2010. Archived from the original on 13 June 2010. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
- "Average Conditions, Islamabad, Pakistan". Retrieved 25 September 2009.
- "Severe Storms on dated 23rd July 2001 Islamabad, Pakistan" (PDF). Abdul Hameed, Director Pakistan Meteorological Department.
- "Weather Log – July 21–31, 2001". National Climatic Data Center. 6 August 2001.
- "Islamabad Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
- "Extremes of Islamabad". Pakistan Meteorological Department. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
- CDA Official site. "CDA".
- "The Idea of Islamabad". TheIslamabad.com.
mapwas invoked but never defined (see the help page).
Cite error: The named reference
- Matthew S. Hull (5 June 2012). Government of Paper: The Materiality of Bureaucracy in Urban Pakistan (1st ed.). University of California Press. p. 50. ISBN 978-0520272156. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- Bahria University. "Official website".
- Air University. "Official website".
- National Defence University. "Official website".
- A Gazetteer of Rawalpindi District Part A 1907
- Dulyapak Preecharushh (6 April 2011). "Myanmar's New Capital City of Naypyidaw". In Stanley D. Brunn. Engineering Earth: The Impacts of Megaengineering Projects (1st ed.). Springer. p. 1041. ISBN 978-9048199198. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- "Planning of Islamabad and Rawalpindi" (PDF).
|last2=in Authors list (help)
- Sheikh, Iqbal M.; Van S. Williams; S. Qamer Raza; Kanwar S.A. Khan. "Environmental Geology of the Islamabad-Rawalpindi Area, Northern Pakistan" (PDF). Regional Studies of the Potwar Plateau Area, Northern Pakistan (U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey).
- "Margalla Avenue to benefit commuters of KPK, traffic on Kashmir Highway". OnePakistan. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- "Pakistan | Economics and extremism". Dawn. 5 January 2010. Retrieved 2 June 2010.
- "Pakistan Stock Exchanges".
- ISE-Official website. "About ISE".
- "Rs 371bn revenue target: FBR hails LTU Islamabad's performance". Business Recorder. 5 July 2012. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- Pakistan Software Export Board. "Islamabad".
- Geo News. "PM names Islamabad Airport as Benazir Bhutto International Airport".
- United Impex. "International Air Ports in Pakistan".
- A-Z World Airports. "Islamabad – Benazir Bhutto International Airport (ISB/OPRN)".
- CPG Corporation. "New Islamabad International Airport's Passenger Terminal Building".
- National Highway Authority Pakistan. "Motorway's of Pakistan".
- NESPAK. "Faizabad Interchange".
- HEC recognized Universities. Hec.gov.pk. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
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