Bangladesh Islami Chhatra Shibir

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Bangladesh Islami Chhatra Shibir
President Atiqur Rahman
Founded 1977
Headquarters Dhaka
Ideology Construction is an Islamic society[1]
International affiliation no
Website
http://www.shibir.org.bd


Bangladesh Islami Chhatra Shibir (বাংলাদেশ ইসলামী ছাত্রশিবির), known as Shibir, is a student organization in Bangladesh. Islami Chhatra Shibir is the student wing of the Islamist political organization of Bangladesh, Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami.[2][3] In February 2014, a US think tank study entitled "IHS Jane's 2013 Global Terrorism & Insurgency Attack Index" listed Islami Chhatra Shibir as one of the most active non-state armed groups in the world,[2][4] an allegation that Shibir both denied and protested.[5]

History[edit]

Bangladesh Islami Chhatra Shibir was established on 6 February 1977 at the Dhaka University central mosque. Their stated mission is "To satisfy Allah through the rearrangement of the total life of human being in the way given by Allah and shown by the Muhammad".[6] It is the successor to the Islami Chhatra Sangha during the Liberation war of Bangladesh.[7] In the 1980s Shibir was involved in political infightings in the University of Chittagong.

Overview[edit]

According to the group's policy, their activities are guided by five principles.[8]

  1. Dawah (Call to Allah) - Conveying the message of Islam to the students and inspiring them to acquire knowledge and to arouse in them the sense of responsibility to practice Islam in full.
  2. Organization - To organize the students who are ready to partake in the struggle for establishing the Islamic way of life within the fold of this organization.
  3. Training - To take appropriate steps to impart Islamic knowledge among the students integrated under the organization to make them men of character, capable of braving the challenges of Jahilyah and, thus, to prove the superiority of Islam.
  4. Islamic Education Movement and Student-oriented Problems - To struggle for changing the existing system of education on the basis of Islamic values to build up ideal citizens and enhance leadership to solve real problems of the students.
  5. Establishing Islamic Social Order - To strive tooth-and-nail to establish Islamic social order for freeing humanity from all forms of economic exploitation, political oppression and cultural servitude.[8]

Funding[edit]

Shibir members, who are students of many educational institutions areas are expected to donate monthly in the name of Baitul Mal (the party fund).[9][10] They also rent out facilities in dormitories for funding.[10] There are also several publications that it sells in educational institutions.[10]

Controversies[edit]

Bangladesh Liberation War[edit]

In 1971, Shibir's predecessor, Pakistan Islami Chattra Shangha,[7] members of which led the formation of Al-Badr, which was involved in the 1971 killing of bengali intellectuals; some members of Al-Badr had been convicted and executed by International Crimes Tribunal.[11][12][13][14][15]

Politically motivated attacks[edit]

This student group was also involved in violent clashes with other student groups,[10][16] was extremely militant and was linked to numerous acts of violence.[17] The group was linked to a number of larger terrorist organizations, both in Bangladesh and internationally.[17]

Shibir activists are known to attack rival political party members by cutting their opponents' tendons.[18][19][20][21] However, political infighting between rival groups in Bangladesh are rampant, and infighting and killings in the rival Bangladesh Chhatra League are often blamed on Chhatra Shibir.[22][23]

Attacks on law enforcement[edit]

In 2013, Shibir members engaged in an attack on law enforcement forces all over the country. Police officers were killed and injured by these armed attacks.[24][25][26][27]

Armed group designation[edit]

In February 2014, US-based defense think tank IHS Jane's published a report titled "IHS Jane's 2013 Global Terrorism & Insurgency Attack Index", where Shibir ranked third in a list of most active non-state armed groups in 2013.[2][4] The organisation protested the study findings, strongly condemning the ranking.[5]

Crackdowns[edit]

Since 2010, Shibir has been targeted by repeated crackdowns.[28] The Awami League led government insists that it is necessary to maintain public order and stop attacks on police, but Amnesty International sees them as political crackdowns.[23] Since 2010, raids on student residences have been carried out at random and any Shibir supporters found there have been detained. Arbitrary arrests as police have made no efforts at the time of arrest to separate ordinary student members of the Chhatra Shibir from those suspected of involvement in the attacks and were denied Legal counsel.[23]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ সংক্ষিপ্ত পরিচিতি
  2. ^ a b c "Shibir world's 3rd top armed group: Study". The Daily Star (Bangladesh). 24 February 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-18. 
  3. ^ "Islami Chhatra Shibir (ICS) , South Asia Terrorism Portal". Satp.org. 13 January 2001. Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  4. ^ a b "Shibir a top non-state armed group: IHS Jane's". Dhaka Tribune. 25 February 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-18. 
  5. ^ a b "Shibir protests IHS ranking". Dhaka Tribune. 25 February 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-17. 
  6. ^ "The Motto of Shibir". Islam-BD.org. 
  7. ^ a b "Islami Chhatra Shibir | Terrorist Groups | TRAC". Trackingterrorism.org. Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  8. ^ a b "5-Point Agenda". Shibir.org.bd. Retrieved 2015-04-14. 
  9. ^ "How Shibir raises fund". New Age. Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  10. ^ a b c d "Shibir's source of income". The Daily Star. Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  11. ^ "Jamaat secretarygeneral gets death penalty for war crimes". The Hindu. Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  12. ^ "Kamaruzzaman led Razakar, Al-Badr and Al-Shams: witness". New Age. Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  13. ^ Tuhin Shubhra Adhikary. "Key man of Al-Badr". The Daily Star. Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  14. ^ "Mirpur butcher Molla must die, says SC". bdnews24.com. 17 September 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  15. ^ "Mojaheed indicted for genocide, crimes against humanity". New Age. Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  16. ^ "Islami Chhatra Shibir". Priyo News. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  17. ^ a b "Terrorist Organization Profile: Islami Chhatra Shibir (ICS)". National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism. Retrieved 2013-06-12. 
  18. ^ "Shibir 'cuts' BCL leader's tendon". bdnews24.com. 31 October 2013. Retrieved 2014-04-17. 
  19. ^ "Shibir men cut Rajshahi BCL leader's tendon". The Daily Star. 18 December 2013. Retrieved 2014-04-17. 
  20. ^ "Shibir cadres cut tendons of RU BCL leader". Dhaka Tribune. 23 August 2013. Retrieved 2014-04-17. 
  21. ^ "RU BCL activist's foot chopped off". bdnews24.com. 29 April 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-29. The Jamaat-Shibir activists are known to cut tendons of their rivals. 
  22. ^ Islam, Md. Saidul (20 April 2011). ""Minority Islam" in Muslim Majority Bangladesh". Journal of Muslim Affairs (1): 133–134. 
  23. ^ a b c "Bangladesh: politically motivated arbitrary arrests hamper impartial investigation of campus violence" (PDF). Amnesty International. Amnesty International. Retrieved 2 June 2016. 
  24. ^ "Brutality unbelievable, Another Cop Killed by Jamaat". The Daily Star. 4 March 2013. Retrieved 2014-04-17. 
  25. ^ "Savage attack by Shibir". The Daily Star. 2 April 2013. Retrieved 2014-04-17. 
  26. ^ "Shibir men attack cops in Rajshahi again". The Daily Star. 1 April 2013. Retrieved 2014-04-17. 
  27. ^ "80 injured as Jamaat clashes with police". New Age. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  28. ^ Islam, Md. Saidul (March 2011). "Minority Islam in Muslim Majority Bangladesh". Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs 31 (1): 132–136. Retrieved 28 April 2016. 

External links[edit]